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Asia-Pacific Journal of EU Studies update

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15권1호(2017) |수록논문 수 : 5
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15권1호(2017년) 수록논문
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1The European Liberal Democratic Model: Does it Have a Future in the Asia Pacific?

저자 : Rita Parker

발행기관 : 한국EU학회 간행물 : Asia-Pacific Journal of EU Studies 15권 1호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 1-13 (13 pages)

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This paper will examine whether the European liberal democratic model is sufficiently resilient to retain its position of influence in the future. It will examine challenges arising from security and migration issues to this form of governance and its relevance to the Asia Pacific. There is increasing evidence that people in many liberal democracies have become disenchanted with the political classes and are feeling disenfranchised as shown by the recent BREXIT decision and US election outcomes. European and other democracies have struggled to cope with the Syrian civil war and other unresolved regional conflicts. Such conflicts are generating unprecedented numbers of refugees and have nurtured terrorist groups that have inspired or organised attacks, often on civilian targets. This confluence of stresses has led to increased protectionist and nationalist views that had been building across Europe and the Asia Pacific region.

2Myanmar`s Diversification of its Foreign Relations: The European Union

저자 : Ludovica Marchi

발행기관 : 한국EU학회 간행물 : Asia-Pacific Journal of EU Studies 15권 1호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 15-32 (18 pages)

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This article focuses on the former Myanmar President Thein Sein`s efforts to counterbalance Beijing`s sway over Yangon and the EU`s attempts to identify a role for itself in the region. It aims to discuss the assumption that, by sponsoring the 2016 Special Partnership for Democracy, Peace and Prosperity with Myanmar, the EU was seeking to promote its role in Southeast Asia. It focuses on a few developments that contribute towards enhancing the EU`s involvement in cooperating with Myanmar. It examines how the former Myanmar President entertained diplomatic relations, in 2013, with the European capitals and the EU, and questions whether President Sein was possibly making efforts to free the country from subjection to other powers, specifically China. It discusses how Yangon`s slight distancing of itself from Beijing, combined with Sein`s opening up towards Europe, played the effect of boosting political activity regarding Myanmar at the EU level. It explores the EU`s policies on Myanmar and whether these attempt to respond to Sein`s search for assistance. It, lastly, assesses the article`s assumption. The article employs EU official documents, Southeast Asian and western media, scholarly works and other secondary publications to contribute to the analysis.

3Can the Arctic Energy Cooperation Release the Tension in the Korean Peninsula with Enhance Energy Security and National Competitiveness?

저자 : Hyo-sun Kim

발행기관 : 한국EU학회 간행물 : Asia-Pacific Journal of EU Studies 15권 1호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 33-44 (12 pages)

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The rapid changes in the Arctic, from melting ice to potential economic development, have drawn global attention to the region. Oils and natural gas reserves that the Arctic holds are at the center of discussions revolving around the Arctic. This paper examines what the Arctic energy resources imply to the complex dynamics of global energy market, especially to the Asian market as well as how the Arctic Energy Cooperation responds to the political tension in Korea Peninsula. It explores political and economic aspects of the Arctic energy security and future prospects of global oil and natural gas markets. It concludes and analyses the needs and expected outcomes of the Arctic energy cooperation between South Korea and Russia in the context of enhancing energy security and national competitiveness.

4The Role of the EU Development Assistance to Address Deforestation Issue in Indonesia

저자 : Paramitaningrum

발행기관 : 한국EU학회 간행물 : Asia-Pacific Journal of EU Studies 15권 1호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 45-62 (18 pages)

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Deforestation is considered as one of the serious environmental problem in Indonesia. Annual forest fires already became chronic disease. Natural factors and man-made factors have been alleged to trigger the long-term cause of deforestation. Forest fires and illegal logging created big loss for Indonesia because the Forestry sector gave a quite significant contribution to Indonesian economy. It also affected the global biodiversity since Indonesian forest area is one of the largest world biodiversity sources. Unfortunately, Indonesian government`s capability is still limited to handle the forest fires issue due to the lack of funding, technical and political support. The neighbouring countries in Southeast Asian region have been socially and economically affected by the forest fires, while the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution (AATHP) worked less effectively than expected. Due to the scale of forest fires and its significant impact to the regional and global biodiversity, international support is essentially in need. Besides Japan and Australia, European Union (EU) has been the major aid contributor to resolve Indonesian deforestation issue. EU supports the Indonesian government in its fight against illegal logging in accordance with the European Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade Policy (FLEGT) or Timber Pact (Schmitz, 2016). The Timber Pact is one kind arrangement to minimize the impact of deforestation. Therefore, international supports are not only for emergency condition aid but also for improving Indonesian government capacity to manage the issue.

5The Triple Helix Concept in the Cluster Policy of Japan in the 21st Century

저자 : B. Drelich-skulska

발행기관 : 한국EU학회 간행물 : Asia-Pacific Journal of EU Studies 15권 1호 발행 연도 : 2017 페이지 : pp. 63-78 (16 pages)

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The cluster-based economic development strategy supports economic environments that have already gained a competitive advantage in a certain location, that implies the economic development of the entire local environment by creating jobs, increasing demand, attracting investors. Since the beginning of the 21st century it has been one of the most important concepts for building economic development strategies in many countries of the world, both in the European Union and the other continents, for example in Japan and in the ASEAN countries. The aim of this article is to examine whether or not the triple helix concept affects contemporary cluster policy of Japan and what benefits it generates with regards to development at both central and local level. In the paper, the triple helix concept was presented as well as Japanese cluster policy and regional innovation cluster policy conducted by Japanese government and national institutions like MEXT and METI.

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