간행물

한국산업보건학회지 update

KOREAN INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE ASSOCIATION JOURNAL

  • : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회)
  • : 의약학분야  >  예방의학및보건학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 2384-132x
  • : 2289-0564
  • : 한국산업위생학회지(~2015)→한국산업보건학회지(2015~)

수록정보
28권1호(2018) |수록논문 수 : 12
간행물 제목
28권1호(2018년) 수록논문
권호별 수록 논문
| | | |

KCI등재

1화학사고 주변 지역 거주자의 보건환경 관리를 위한 건강위해성 평가 방법 개발에 관한 연구

저자 : 박시현 ( Sihyun Park ) , 박세정 ( Sejung Park ) , 박태현 ( Taehyun Park ) , 윤단기 ( Danki Yoon ) , 정종현 ( Jonghyeon Jung ) , 강성규 ( Sungkyu Gang ) , 이동수 ( Dongsoo Lee ) , 서영록 ( Youngrok Seo ) , 안연순 ( Yeonsoon An ) , 이철민 ( Cheolmin Lee )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 28권 1호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 1-17 (17 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Objectives: This research is part of a study to be conducted over five years starting from 2017 by the Ministry of Environment on the development of technologies to evaluate the impact of chemical accidents on the human body.
Methods: For this research, a five-stage specific study method was developed.
Results: In brief, the developed health risk assessment method can be summarized as follows. First, a health risk assessment system was built based on the guidelines set forth by the USA NRC/NAS. Second, based on the disease manifestation theory, the health risk assessment method was divided into 1) a carcinogenic health risk assessment method focused on all carcinogens except non-genotoxic carcinogens and 2) a non-carcinogenic health risk assessment method focused on noncarcinogens including non-genotoxic carcinogens. Third, the detailed contents of the health risk assessment method were developed in four stages (hazard identification, dose-response assessment, exposure assessment, and risk determination) through theoretical consideration of the assessment of the level of health risk related to chemical exposure. Finally, a health risk assessment methodology, classified into stages to address acute, subacute/subchronic, and chronic conditions was developed after considering the physicochemical behavior of hazardous chemicals upon implementation of countermeasures after a chemical accident.
Conclusions: A method to evaluate the health risks related to toxic chemicals generated by chemical accidents was developed. This study was performed with the purpose of developing a mathematical health risk assessment method to evaluate the health effects of exposure to hazardous chemicals upon implementation of emergency countermeasures after chemical accidents.

KCI등재

2산업안전보건법정책의 문제점과 개선방안 -행정규칙과 행정지침을 중심으로-

저자 : 정진우 ( Jinwoo Jung )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 28권 1호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 18-34 (17 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Objectives: This study aims to identify and solve problems in the consistency, procedural justification, effectiveness, and other matters concerning approaches to occupational safety and health legislation, administrative rules, and administrative guidelines.
Methods: In this study of policy on the industrial safety and health law of Korea, problems were raised based on important information on the approach to occupational safety and health legislation and administrative guidelines such as notices, ordinances, and instructions, as well as on their interpretation and operation standards. Secondly, based on the identified problems in the occupational safety and health law policy, core practical methods to present improvement directions for occupational safety health policy in Korea were sought.
Results: It is absolutely necessary to actively promote the infrastructure for occupational safety and health by developing and disseminating notices, guidelines, and manuals that act as contact points between laws and the field in various ways at the administrative institution level. In addition to sanctions, efforts to systematically guide and promote complex professional matters must be supported. Efforts should be made to strengthen administrative expertise so that administrative authorities can secure professional authority and fully enforce legal policies according to the purpose of legislation. In order to ensure the effectiveness of occupational safety and health law policies, it is necessary to shift the focus of the legal policy toward confirming and guiding substantial compliance with legal standards.
Conclusions: As a result of the above efforts, when reliable occupational safety and health law policy is implemented, the understanding and acceptance of the legal policy for the administrative object will be increased, and the safety and health management of the enterprise will be maximized to its full extent.

KCI등재

3건축물에 사용된 석면함유물질(ACMs)의 조사 및 위해성 평가

저자 : 김홍관 ( Hong-kwan Kim ) , 천영우 ( Young Woo Chon ) , 노영만 ( Young Man Roh ) , 홍승한 ( Seung-han Hong ) , 김치년 ( Chi-nyon Kim ) , 이익모 ( Ik-mo Lee )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 28권 1호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 35-42 (8 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Objectives: The objectives of this study are to research the usage characteristics of asbestos-containing building materials and to conduct exposure risk assessment by applying no. 2016-230 “Methods of Risk Assessment of Asbestos-Containing Buildings” from the Ministry of Environment.
Methods: One hundred buildings located in the Seoul and Gyeonggi-Incheon area were chosen, with 29 in Seoul, 20 in Incheon, and 51 in Gyeonggi-do Province. The year of construction was divided between three buildings in the 1970s, 11 buildings in the 1980s, 42 buildings in the 1990s, and 44 buildings in the 2000s. The bulk samples were analyzed by using a polarizing microscope after a pre-process using a stereomicroscope in a hood with an HEPA filter. This study defined ACMs (asbestos-containing materials) as asbestos when the content percentage was over 1% in the analysis result. Methods and standards of risk assessment of asbestos-containing building materials were conducted by refering to no. 2016-230 “Method of Risk Assessment of Asbestos-Containing Buildings” from the Ministry of Environment. The risk of exposure to ACMs was rated by a score based on three categories (high, middle, low risk of asbestos exposure).
Results: In this study, 30 of the 100 buildings and 36 of the 416 bulk samples (8.6%) were found to have had asbestos. Asbestos was detected at a high rate, in 18 out of 42, in buildings constructed in the 1990s and at the lowest rate (7 out of 44) for buildings constructed in the 2000s. As a result of the evaluation according to no. 2016-230 “Method of Risk Assessment of Asbestos-Containing Buildings” of the Ministry of Environment, the risk assessment level of two asbestos-containing building materials was found to be “Medium”, and 28 buildings materials were found to be at the “Low” level.
Conclusion: As asbestos is regulated by the government, it is required to conduct active management and implemention by introducing methods of risk assessment of asbestos exposure that are supported by data from various situations. In the case of buildings owned by individuals, building owners should be aware of the risk of exposure to asbestos.

KCI등재

4벤조피렌의 급성독성시험 연구

저자 : 김미나 ( Mina Kim ) , 이승길 ( Seungkil Lee ) , 조삼래 ( Samrae Cho ) , 김덕현 ( Dukhyun Kim )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 28권 1호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 43-50 (8 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Objectives: This study was performed to observe the toxicological changes caused by a single exposure to benzo[a]pyrene.
Methods: Based on the results of a preliminary study, 300 mg/kg was set as the middle dose. A highest dose of 2,000 mg/kg and a lowest dose of 50 mg/kg were selected based on GHS guidelines. Benzo[a]pyrene was orally administered once to female and male SD rats at dose levels of 50, 300, and 2,000 mg/kg (body weight). All animals were monitored daily for clinical signs and mortality over 14 days. Hematological and biochemical values were examined as well.
Results: There were neither dead animals nor significant changes in body weights during the experimental period. In addition, no differences were found between the control and treated groups in clinical sign, hematology, serum biochemical, and histopathological analysis.
Conclusion: Compared with the control group, we could not detect any toxic alteration in all treated groups. These studies indicate that the acute toxicity of benzo[a]pyrene is relatively low.

KCI등재

5작업장에서 취급하는 CMR물질의 용량반응평가 방법 비교

저자 : 이경화 ( Kyung Hwa Lee ) , 최한영 ( Han Young Choi ) , 김치년 ( Chi Nyon Kim ) , 노영만 ( Young Man Roh ) , 최희진 ( Hee Jin Choi ) , 박채리 ( Chae Ri Park )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 28권 1호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 51-60 (10 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Objectives:Currently, there is only limited knowledge regarding the hazard of low-level exposure to CMR materials in workplaces. To overcome this limitation, a reference concentration for workers (RfCw) from among the risk assessment tools proposed by the US EPA is widely used to set a provisional workplace exposure level (PWEL) for CMR materials for which there are no established Korea Occupational Exposure Limits (KOELs) or subjective chemicals for work environment measurements as regulated by Korea Ministry of Employment and Labor (KMOEL). A simple European calculator of derived no effect level (SECO-DNEL) as proposed by REACH can also be used in place of RfCw to set the PWEL for chemicals. This study was performed to test the acceptability of using SECO-DNEL as an alternative to RfCw when setting a PWEL for low-level exposures.
Methods: The RfCw and DNEL for the five CMR materials of dinitrogen oxide, catechol, 2-phenoxy ethanol, carbitol, and carbon black were calculated using the dose-response assessments of the US EPA for RfCw and REACH guidance for SECO-DNEL, respectively. They were compared using paired t-tests to determine the statistical differences between them.
Results: For the five chemicals, the RfCw were 2.53 ppm, 0.10 ppm, 1.73 ppm, 1.66 ppm, and 0.05 mg/㎥, respectively, while the SECO-DNEL were 2.01 ppm, 0.11 ppm, 1.83 ppm, 1.77 ppm, 0.14 mg/㎥, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between RfCw and SECO-DNEL.
Conclusions: This study suggests that the SECO-DNEL could be applied in place of RfCw to set a PWEL for low-level exposure to chemicals, especially CMR materials. To further ensure the reliability of SECO-DNEL as an alternative tool, more chemicals should be applied for calculation and comparison with RfCw.

KCI등재

6비열 유전체장벽방전 플라즈마의 포도상구균 및 대장균 살균효과

저자 : 김기영 ( Keyyoung Kim ) , 백남원 ( Namwon Paik ) , 김용희 ( Yonghee Kim ) , 유관호 ( Kwanho Yoo )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 28권 1호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 61-79 (19 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine the effect of non-thermal dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma on decontamination of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Escherichia coli (E. coli) as common pathogens.
Methods: This experiment was carried out in a chamber (0.64m3) designed by the authors. The plasma was continuously generated by a non-thermal DBD plasma generator (Model TB-300, Shinyoung Air tech, Korea). Suspensions of S. aureus and E. coli of 0.5 McFarland standard (1.5 x108CFU/mL) were prepared using a Densi-Check photometer (bio Merieux, France). The suspensions were diluted1:1000 in sterile PBS solutions (approximately104-5CFU/mL) and inoculated on tryptic soy agar (TSA) in Petri dishes. The Petri dishes (80mm internal diameter) were exposed to the non -thermal DBD plasma in the chamber.
Results: The results showed that 95% of S. aureus colonies were killed after a six-hour exposure to the DBD plasma. In the case of E. coli, it took two hours to kill 100% of the colonies. The gram-negative E. coli had a greater reduction than the gram-positive S. aureus. This difference may be due to the structure of their cell membranes. The thickness of gram-positive bacteria is greater than that of gram-negative bacteria. The S. aureus is more resistant to DBD plasma exposures than is E. coli. It should be noted that average concentrations of ozone, a byproduct of the DBD plasma generator, were monitored throughout the experiment and the results were well below the criteria, 50 ppb, recommended by the Korean Ministry of the Environment. Thus, non-thermal DBD plasma is deemed safe for use in hospital and public facilities.
Conclusions: There was evidence that non-thermal DBD plasma can effectively kill S. aureus and E. coli. The results indicate that DBD plasma technology can greatly contribute to the control of infections in hospitals and other public and private facilities.

KCI등재

7HCFC-123의 급성 독성간질환 발생 사례에 따른 노출기준 및 법 관리 필요성 권고

저자 : 이권섭 ( Kwon Seob Lee ) , 조지훈 ( Ji Hoon Jo ) , 최보경 ( Bo Kyung Choi ) , 이혜림 ( Hye Lim Lee ) , 변상훈 ( Sang Hoon Byeon )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 28권 1호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 80-90 (11 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Objectives: This study was performed to propose a domestic occupational exposure limit (OEL) following a health hazard assessment, calculation of a non-carcinogenicity reference concentration worker (RfCworker) value, and examination of international agencies' exposure limits. It also recommends legal management within the Occupational Safety and Health Act for HCFC-123, which caused an acute hepatotoxicity incident.
Methods: An acute hepatotoxicity incident due to the fire extinguishing agent HCFC-123 was investigated. Toxicological hazard and health hazard classifications were examined and a non-carcinogenicity RfCworker value was calculated for HCFC-123. An OEL and the necessity of legal management were recommended as well.
Results and Conclusions: An OEL for HCFC-123 of 10 ppm(62.5 ㎎/㎥), which considered the RfCworker value, 5.56 ppm, produced in dose-response assessment and the exposure level of 19.1-20.9 ppm measured as an eight-hour TWA(time-weighted average) in the incident place, is recommended. HCFC-123 is urged to be included as a chemical requiring legal management in the Occupational Safety and Health Regulations. In addition, it is recommended that a peak exposure of ACGIH be adopted in the Notice of the Ministry of Employment and Labor.

KCI등재

8국내 물질안전보건자료 영업비밀 심사제도의 도입ㆍ운영에 대한 검토 및 제안

저자 : 이권섭 ( Kwon Seob Lee ) , 조지훈 ( Ji Hoon Jo )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 28권 1호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 91-99 (9 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Objectives: From a policy perspective, the introduction of confidential information reviews is a vital task for expanding workers' right to know and improving hazardous materials information communication. In this study, rational methods for introducing and administering confidential information reviews were examined as a part of advancing chemical information communication.
Methods: The domestic status, social demands, and control cases from other countries about confidential information in material safety data sheets (MSDSs) were all examined. Additionally, principles for introducing MSDS confidential information review, what needs to be revised prior to its introduction, and procedures and manners of reviewing confidential information were suggested.
Results and Conclusions: When composition information on MSDS needs to be protected in the EU and Canada, confidential information should be claimed and then approved by competent authorities with a principle of reviewing confidential information prior to rescinding information from MSDS. Applying the same principle, certain information on an MSDS that needs to be protected should be reviewed and approved in Korea. As a result, the MSDS is communicated with approval numbers replacing composition information. MSDS confidential information review has five steps, including deciding whether chemicals claimed to be confidential are excluded from applying for a confidentiality exemption, the names and concentration ranges of ingredients are adequate, and the claimed information is valid in terms of confidentiality.

KCI등재

9자동차 부품제조 사업장의 유해인자 노출 농도수준 및 검출율 -알루미늄 다이캐스팅 공정을 중심으로-

저자 : 이덕희 ( Duk-hee Lee ) , 문찬석 ( Chan-seok Moon )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 28권 1호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 100-107 (8 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Objectives: This study examines exposure to hazardous substances in the working environment caused by exposure to toxic substances produced in the aluminum die casting process in the automobile manufacturing industry.
Materials and Methods: The exposure concentration levels, detection rates and time-trend of 15 hazardous factors in the aluminum die casting process over 10 years(from 2006 to 2016) were used as a database.
Results: The study found that hazardous factors in the aluminum die casting process were mostly metals. The rate for detected samples was 70.6%(405 samples), and that for not detected samples was 29.4%. The noise for an eight-hour work shift showed a 49.7% exceedance rate for TLV-TWA. Average noise exposure was 89.0 dB. The maximum exposure level was 105.1 dB.
Conclusion: The high numbers of no-detection rates for hazardous substance exposure shows that there is no need to do a work environment measurement. Therefore, alternatives are necessary for improving the efficiency and reliability of the work environment measurement. Moreover, to prevent noise damage, reducing noise sources from automation, shielding, or sound absorbents are necessary.

KCI등재

10작업환경측정 지정기관의 분석실 현황 및 분석결과의 신뢰성에 영향을 주는 요인

저자 : 김기웅 ( Ki-woong Kim ) , 박해동 ( Hae Dong Park ) , 김성호 ( Sungho Kim ) , 노지원 ( Jiwon Ro ) , 황은송 ( Eun Song Hwang ) , 정은교 ( Eun-kyo Chung ) , 조기홍 ( Kee Hong Cho )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 28권 1호 발행 연도 : 2018 페이지 : pp. 108-116 (9 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Objectives: This study investigated to the analytical work environment, analyst's expert and status of analytical instrument in the designated organization's laboratory for measuring work environment, and carried out to ensure reliability of analytical results.
Methods: This study was conducted by 114 analysts who work in designated organization's laboratory for measuring work environment. Information on the working environment and personal characteristics of the analysts were collected using a self-reported questionnaire and were analyzed using the SPSS program through analysis of frequency and t-test.
Results: The speciality of subjects was occupational health (57.0%), environmental health (38.6%) and environmental engineering (4.4%), and they had a higher level of academic ability than workers in other industries. Analysts had to handle a large number of sample analysis and many tasks other than analytical work. The analysts answered that it was difficult to analyze organic substances than inorganic substances, and the difficult parts were the analytical methods setting of new substances (55.3%), instrument analysis (24.6%) and principle of analysis (23.7%). Analytical instruments mainly have legally required instruments. The difficulty of the analysis is solved from the senior analyst in the laboratory and analytical information is mainly exchanged through seminar organized by the Association of Occupational Health Analysts. The analysts who are planning to move or considering the company were 48.2%, and the reasons for moving the company were difficult to work (14.0%), low salary (9.6%), employment type (8.8%) and job stress (7.0%).
Conclusions: The conclusions of our study were that it was possible to secure reliability by solving the problems such as implementing professional education to improve expertise of analysts, strengthening analytical instruments through institutional improvement and improving work environment.

12

내가 찾은 최근 검색어

최근 열람 자료

맞춤 논문

보관함

내 보관함
공유한 보관함

1:1문의

닫기