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수록범위 : 1권0호(1982)~32권2호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 1,007
영어영문학21
32권2호(2019년 06월) 수록논문
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1D. H. 로렌스의 『무지개』에서 본질적 자아의 문제

저자 : 강용기 ( Yong-ki Kang )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 5-23 (19 pages)

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This essay explores the causes of the gender role conflicts between male and female characters who span three generations of the Brangwens in D. H. Lawrence's The Rainbow. According to the Buddhist theory of dependent co-arising, each concerned character fails to develop his or her harmonious relationship with his or her parter because he or she is obsessed with 'aggregates.' In other words, each of them fails to realize that (s)he is stuck in intrinsic selfness. Tom, the first Brangwen who is born at the Marsh Farm and falls into androcentrism, confronts his wife Lydia's artistic pride and religious superiority complex. He takes male-centrism for his own intrinsic selfness while Lydia is obsessed with the aggregate of Christianity and artistic ideology. The second generation, Will and Anna, are sharply contrasted in their world view. Tom is trapped in a Christian cosmology, whereas Anna aspires to free herself from all kinds of established order including religious rituals. The last couple, Strebensky and Ursula, reveal their philosophical obsession, which might be translated into the aggregate of knowledge (식온-識薀). Stebensky never abandons his mechanistic view of the world while Ursula pursues 'a oneness with the infinite.' Her concept of self does not avoid intrinsic self, either, because it reflects what Deep Ecology calls 'Self-realization.' Thus, all of the characters mistake their aggregates for their own intrinsic selfness, which results in the failure of their human relationships. In order to promote their better relationships, therefore, they needed to realize the value of interdependent selfness.

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2포프의 시골지주저택시 연구 ―「배서스트에게 부치는 서한시」

저자 : 김옥수 ( Og-soo Kim )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 25-44 (20 pages)

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This essay examines Alexander Pope's Epistle to Bathurst as a country house poem. The country house poetry genre, which starts with Ben Jonson's To Penshurst, emphasizes the bounty and hospitality of the landlord of the country house.
The background of Epistle to Bathurst is the South Sea Bubble, which represents the developments of the new economic system with speculation replacing land. Pope thinks that the new monied order is corrupting the English people. Here he presents the country house ideal as an alternative, which is the hospitality and bounty of the landlord. In this sense, the poem belongs to the country house genre. Country house poetry considers the country house as an embodiment of the Golden Age. In that depiction, country house poetry functions in three ways. First, it serves a unifying social function. Second, it has the pedagogical function of praising the hospitality and bounty of the landlord. Third, it functions as a social critique using the standard of the country house ideal. Pope tries to emphasize the country house ideal in the poem, because English society is preoccupied with the new economic order represented by stock-jobbers. Pope finds the country house ideal in the Man of Ross. Ross cares for his tenantry, and fulfills all of his obligations. His community represents a mutually reciprocal society, with hospitality on the part of the lord and service on the part of the farmer. On the other hand, the description of Old Cotta's inhospitable hall gives the negative reflection of the country house ideal. The portrait of his son also disavows the ideal by describing his irresponsible prodigality. The tale of Balaam concludes the poem. It is about the career of a new money-man who enters into the financial system of stocks, and sinks deeper into monied corruption.
Pope emphasizes the country house ideal represented by the Man of Ross, and opposes the new economic change by the standard of the ideal, but such exemplary figures are rare and isolated, and their isolation illuminates the economic changes they cannot deal with.

KCI등재

3'행복한' 가족, 산산이 부서지다 ―도리스 레싱의 『다섯째 아이』

저자 : 김은영 ( Eun Young Kim )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 45-66 (22 pages)

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Doris Lessing's 39th novel, The Fifth Child, portrays one British family from the 1960s to the 1980s. This novel has been analysed from various perspectives, such as conservative family ideology, Victorian family and the country house, maternal postpartum depression, surveillance and control, and drug addiction. In a focal point of the novel, however, there is a couple―David Lovatts and Harriet Lovatts-who are excessively obsessed with a Victorian 'happy' family. The 'happy' family falls apart after the ominous baby, handicapped Ben, is born. This paper traces how the microcosm of Victorian values, consisting of a family and maternal nature, disintegrates in the face of an unexpected obstacle, and how the “transgressive Other” within a family reproduces an Other through overlapping Ben with the mother, Harriet. Furthermore, this paper reflects on the question of whether a family “now and here” may be based upon real intimacy rather than just family ideas.

KCI등재

4블룸의 시선을 통한 아일랜드 가톨릭의 탈신비화 ―제임스 조이스의 『율리시스』

저자 : 김은혜 ( Eunhey Kim )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 67-84 (18 pages)

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This paper considers how James Joyce criticizes the Irish Catholic Church through Leopold Bloom in his novel Ulysses. Joyce regards England and Rome (the Catholic Church) as dominant powers that have oppressed individuals for a long time. The Church has suppressed and had great influence on the life of the people in Ireland. Joyce uses Bloom to criticize the problems of the Church. Bloom exists on the border of the Dublin community, which enables him to defamiliarize the dogmas of the Catholic Church. Because of his complicated identity, Bloom is isolated from the mainstream society of Dublin, but his status permits him to view it with a critical eye. His impartial observation discloses the Catholic Church's aggressive, imperialistic, and commercial features that lie behind the missionary work. Compared to its aggressive missionary work, the Church shows little interest in the economic distress of its families. The Church also controls the people with confession and penitence, and paralyzes the people by giving “cold comfort”. This paper affirms that Joyce reveals these negative aspects of the Irish Catholic Church through Bloom, his “useful weapon.”

KCI등재

5호주 애버리진 서사와 기억의 정치학―샐리 모건의 『나의 자리』와 케이트 그렌빌의 『비밀의 강』을 중심으로

저자 : 문영희 ( Young Hee Mun )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 85-107 (23 pages)

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This study explores how Aboriginal narratives and the politics of memory in Sally Morgan's My Place and Kate Grenville's the Secret River dissolve 'terra nullius' ideology and the Australian pioneer myth. If My Place may ask the question 'Who owns the past,' The Secret River would probably answer 'the white man must bear the responsibility for Australia's colonization.'
Morgan writes an autobiographical novel as a descendant of the Stolen Generation who were taken away from their families forcibly and exploited economically and sexually. The narrator Sally is desperately in search of the family's secret, which is related with a white station owner's incestuous rape in the frontier age and the crucial violences of colonization. Her journey to 'what it means to be an Aboriginal' has become a rewriting of Aboriginal memories and white Australian history.
–The Secret River seemingly deals with the story of how a convict-settler William Thornhill took up a plot of land and settled down as a gentry-like settler, but it also unsettles the legitimacy of the pioneer myth that has played a powerful role in Australian history. Grenville deploys her own history of the ancestor, Solomon Wiseman, and the novel is deliberately organized from the perspective of Thornhill. Therefore, the author makes readers pay attention to the settler's guilt and the denial of apology.

KCI등재

6유령성과 주변부 여성의 연극적 재현 ―카릴 처칠의 『스크라이커』

저자 : 박보영 ( Boyoung Park )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 109-130 (22 pages)

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The concept of the spectral in Caryl Churchill's The Skriker is extensively related to both the Skriker as a theatrical device and the two teen single mothers as marginalized women in the present. The Skriker is a supernatural ghost that represents both the victim as female history excluded from male-dominated history, and the abuser as a dark force revenging the two teen single mothers who are considered contemporary ghosts. The spectral abilities of the Skriker to transform, use fraudulent magic, and control time and space plays a very important role to reveal the poor material conditions and invisibly exploited labour of marginalized women. In addition, The Skriker challenges the sanctified maternity that oppresses women through the images of mothers who kill their own babies in folk tales and in the present. The Skriker shows the politics and aesthetics of Caryl Churchill's feminist theatre beyond the constraints of male-dominated theatre by developing a new way to represent marginalized women through the Skriker as the spectral theatrical device.

KCI등재

7제임스 조이스의 『율리시스』에서 환대의 예술가 스티븐

저자 : 박은숙 ( Eunsook Park )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 131-149 (19 pages)

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This study attempts to view Stephen Dedalus, James Joyce's alter ego in Ulysses, as a promising artist despite his unfulfilled plan to establish himself abroad. Most scholars regard Stephen's early return from Europe as a “symbol of failure” (Hayman 47). However this article argues that it furthers his artistic ambition and refines his attitude towards his people. This article mainly discusses the foot-and-mouth disease in Ireland at that time in relation with Stephen's view on Irish history, politics and his literary plan. The plague also reveals the unionist Mr. Deasy's double character―betrayer and patriot. He asks Stephen's help in his attempt to cure this epidemic. Mr. Deasy personifies the Irish's traditional morality as a self-betraying nation. Although Stephen sees Mr. Deasy's contradiction, he participates in the old man's cause for the Irish cows. Ultimately this decision predicts Stephen's gradual change from a passive victim of betrayal into a subject of hospitality.

KCI등재

8교차로에 선 소설가―존 파울즈의 문학 세계

저자 : 배현 ( Hyun Pae )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 151-172 (22 pages)

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John Fowles, with the success of his first three major novels, took a seat among the representative postmodern metafiction novelists. His novels thoroughly manifest many features of postmodern metafiction, including ideas such as “the death of the author,” “the end of the novel,” “the self-conscious novelist,” and the conflict between fiction and reality.
However, Fowles often revealed his belief in the usefulness of realistic novel traditions and moralistic didacticism in literature. His literary world depicts the chaos of the world, confusion of existence, and meaninglessness of experience. But these deconstructions are soon reorganized, recontextualized and naturalized to produce a commentary on the total significance of human existence. For Fowles, life, not art, always comes first. In David Lodge's metaphor, Fowles stands at the crossroads, considering the alternative routes toward the 'nonfiction novel' and 'fabulation,' but never committing to one path, instead, trying to reconcile the traditions of realism and antirealism.

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9마하스웨타 데비의 『1084의 어머니』에 나타난 낙살라이트 운동과 모성의 윤리

저자 : 손석주 ( Sukjoo Sohn )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 173-191 (19 pages)

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Mahasweta Devi's Mother of 1084, arguably the first novel on the Naxalite armed movement in India, sheds light on the agency of motherhood and examines the possibility of forming ethical relationship between human beings regardless of class and ideology. This paper examines the ways in which a mother of a young Naxalite guerilla gains a new sense of motherhood and protests the governing system as she comes to understand the cause of her son's death as well as her alienation. A series of her interrogations shows a way of countering the hegemonic discourse of the ruling elite and police, which, in turn, makes it possible to bring back his son's name in place of the corpse number 1084. This paper also pays keen attention to her scream of pain, which seemingly stems from the bursting of her appendix, but is actually an alternative way of calling for the establishment of human ethics for underprivileged others like Naxalite guerrillas.

KCI등재

10『율리시스』의 「하데스」에 나타난 아일랜드 장례문화 - 블룸의 비판적 시선

저자 : 오세린 ( Serin Oh )

발행기관 : 21세기영어영문학회 간행물 : 영어영문학21 32권 2호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 193-214 (22 pages)

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This study explores how James Joyce portrays death and the Irish Catholic funeral rituals. Joyce depicts the funeral of Paddy Dignam, an ordinary Dubliner, through the Jewish protagonist Leopold Bloom's eyes in the “Hades” episode of Ulysses. Although Bloom is not accepted by the Irish community due to his Jewish lineage, he partakes in Dignam's funeral with several Irish mourners. We experience scenes of the streets and the conversation within the carriage filtered through Bloom's consciousness. He observes the funeral procession in terms of economy and is skeptical about the Catholic liturgy. His thoughts about death are contrasted with those of the Irish's. Whereas Bloom obtains vital energy from death and even regards the corpse as a fertilizer to produce new life, for the Irish, death is a traumatic event and an irrevocable loss. Most of the Irish idealize death and readily fall into sentimentalism.
Death as described in “Hades” is inextricably linked with Irish history. Joyce suggests historical events, such as the Great Famine and nationalist movements, in his portrayal of death. He implies the close relationship between Irish nationalism and Catholicism in relation to death. Therefore, death and the dead constantly control the living, although indirectly. In sum, Joyce criticizes this funeral culture and presents a vision of life through Bloom.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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(2006)홍길동심리학41회 피인용

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(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

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