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수록범위 : 1권0호(1996)~46권0호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 845
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46권0호(2019년 05월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1여성들의 유토피아 크리스띤 드삐장의 『여성들의 도시』와 마거릿 캐번디시의 『숙녀학교』

저자 : 정희원 ( Chung Heewon )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 14-40 (27 pages)

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This essay reads Christine de Pizan's The Book of the City of Ladies and Margaret Cavendish's The Female Academy as texts of women's utopias. A medieval literature in French and an English drama after the Interregnum respectively, they have not gathered much critical attention as female utopia. Defining de Pizan as the forerunner of women's separatist utopias, this essay offers a comparative reading of Christine's female version of civitas dei and Cavendish's female academic society. In both works, the education of women is the major issue that the two authors address by demonstrating the process of building (and unbuilding) feminotopias. While discussing Christine's and Cavendish's works as female utopian texts, the essay questions and demonstrates how each author critically appropriates the male-centered utopian tradition that existed from the premodern utopia of St. Augustine's to the modern academic utopia of the Royal Society. If Cavendish's female academy can be defined as a failed utopian experiment, this study suggests that the writer's ambivalent attitude towards the female academic society reflects historical conditions under which female subjects could become the 'legitimate' parts of the society only by marriage and for the sake of their husbands.

KCI등재

2생체권력과 19세기말 유토피아 문학의 전개 『에레혼』 『뒤를 돌아보며』 『노웨어에서 온 소식』

저자 : 손일수 ( Sohn Ilsu )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 39-66 (28 pages)

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This essay analyzes three late nineteenth-century British and American novels―Erewhon, Looking Backward, and News from Nowhere―and how their utopian imagination unfolds as they attempt to represent and simultaneously sublate the time of imperialism and monopoly capitalism. The first of these utopian novels assumes the form of its contemporary adventure fiction to satirize what it perceives as social ills of its time whereas the two latter ones design a utopia as a future possibility that should be reached if duly planned and prepared. The main analysis centers upon how ideas of biopower are utilized in the three utopian novels for their respective utopian project. Utopian literature in general portrays a world in which all the artificial institutions that hinder human beings' natural self-realization have been removed; however, biopower and other posthumanist theories question this very binary between natural human existence and artificial social structure. Through the lens of biopower, this essay investigates how the late nineteenth century-utopian novels generate postmodern imagination within the limits of modern thought and what contradictions are involved in such imaginative work. Finally, this essay briefly examines how the studies on late nineteenth-century utopian fiction and biopower can serve to better understand workings and contradictions of utopian aspirations in the twenty-first century.

KCI등재

3유토피아적 열망과 새로운 삶의 창출 보그다노프의 『붉은 별』과 『엔지니어 메니』

저자 : 정남영 ( Chung Namyoung )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 65-94 (30 pages)

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This essay aims to consider the relationship between a utopian desire and the creation of a new form of life in Bogdanov's utopian novels, Red Star (1908) and Engineer Menni (1913). The martian world created in these novels can be considered as an 'as-if-perfected' presentation of a new form of life, one which has actually been blocked from its historical actualization. Though this kind of 'as-if-perfectedness' is generally an expression of a certain immaturity of thought, Bogdanov's utopian efforts can have some real significance for us in two points. First, they can help restore the desire for a new form of life back to the Russian Revolution, where, under the predominance of 'Lenin's Road,' i.e., the road of political power, this desire seemed emptied or at least marginalized. Second, they can help us face and overcome the comtemporary challenge of Anthropocene, posed by a series of human-caused 'metabolic rifts' such as climate change, soil depletion, recession of seas, etc. If the dystopian aspect of the 'red star' world is an anticipation of our Anthropocene challenge, its utopian aspect ― harmonious integration of the whole humanity and Universal Organization Science (later Tektology) ― is a potential preparation for coping with the challenge.
To be sure, Bogdanov alone is not enough for overcoming the challenge: his thought cannot but be marked by the limits of his era, the era of bolshevism. On the one hand, the range of integration, the comradeship, must be extended, beyond the bounds of humanity, to all things in the world, inanimate matter included, as in Marx's 'species-being' (Gattungswesen). On the other hand, there must be a distinction, or rather disjunction between the two dimensions of life: that of mere biological existence and that of living life, what D. H. Lawrence called 'the fourth dimension.'

KCI등재

4인간 너머의 이상세계를 꿈꾸다 옥타비아 버틀러의 『이마고』와 포스트휴먼 유토피아

저자 : 최윤영 ( Choi Yoonyoung )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 93-121 (29 pages)

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This essay aims to reconfigure the concept of utopia within the framework of posthumanism. Born in Renaissance Europe, utopian literature is firmly rooted in the dualistic epistemologies of Western humanist philosophy. The contemporary discourse on posthumanism, by contrast, reassesses the binarism of humanist ontology, insisting that it must be dismantled in order to prepare a human-decentered future. The posthumanist turn in philosophy also enables new critical approaches to the utopian literary tradition. Shuttling between utopian literature, science fiction, and feminist writing, Octavia E. Butler's trilogy Lilith's Brood has generated a significant number of readings concerned with the subjecthood and identity of Lilith, the black female protagonist of the first novel Dawn; this essay, however, shifts the critical focus to the last novel, Imago, which offers an intriguing vision of an utopian mode of existence in a posthuman world. The hybrid, human-alien creatures that Butler presents in the text provide us a glimpse of novel posthumanist ontologies, while also suggesting the dilemmas faced by these posthuman subjects, who continue to be lured by traditional humanist notions of essentialism and dualism, which have, heretofore, sustained their modes of existence. While Butler does not present her utopia as an “end-state” or “blueprint” for an ideal world, I argue that hers is a “critical utopianism,” which, like the always traveling ships of the Oankali, remains in perpetual process.

KCI등재

52019 한국 문화연구, 현황과 과제

저자 : 천정환 ( Cheon Jung-hwan )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 121-157 (37 pages)

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This paper discusses the changes in the studies of Korean culture since 2010's. Cultural studies based on Korean literature have three interdisciplinary fields(categories): the research of Korean modern literary history via cultural studies, the studies of Korean modern cultural history, and the studies of ordinary culture. I evaluate the current status of these fields, and examine the tasks in the aspects of institutions and contents. Recently the research of Korean modern literary history via cultural studies left remarkable outcomes especially in the studies of literature and culture in 1960's and 1970's, translation culture since the Liberation, female literature and feminism view on the reinterpretation of literature history, the studies of people's literature(Minjung literature) and labor literature, and the studies of history of cold war culture. The studies of Korean literature will continue to push back the boundaries of 'literature' and to transcend nationalism, elitism and androcentrism.
Meanwhile 'literature to culture' in Korea has kept pace with 'literature to knowledge.' In other words, the studies of intellectual history, university history, and cultural history have actively developed on the basis of national research projects. In addition, cultural studies are gradually expanding its boundaries with new methodology, and undeveloped materials and fields. The studies of ordinary culture hold many institutional and theoretical tasks. I looked into the theoretical tasks of the studies of culture stressing on political economic and technoculture paradigm. Cultural studies should become a practical knowledge, going beyond ideological criticism that is easy to be trapped in convention or restoration, and it should create many practical interventions in terms of political economics, scientific technology, and urbanization. Making move conscious efforts to build more camps and strategies for next generations of scholous in the studies of culture will bring a solution to the crisis of the studies of culture.

KCI등재

6문화연구의 (탈)정치성과 비평의 복원

저자 : 황정아 ( Hwang Jung-a )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 156-179 (24 pages)

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Cultural studies began to establish itself principally as an antidote and alternative to the conventional literary studies which it labelled as essentialist, universalist, and elitist. It itself claimed to focus on the historically and ideologically constituted nature of literary texts while dismantling hierarchical canonicity and expanding the scope of scholarship to include (mass) cultural texts as well. Now that it has quite evidently become the 'hegemonic' paradigm in the field of literary studies, cultural studies needs to rationalize its standing through what it really does, rather than what it counters. In other words, something like 'cultural studies of cultural studies' is increasingly required. This paper attempts to address this task through a detour of examining Joseph North's elaborate criticism of cultural studies which he calls a 'historicist/contextualist' paradigm. North argues that, contrary to its general reputation of being progressive and even radical, the current historicist/contextualist paradigm is in fact apolitical, inasmuch as it recommends cultural thinkers just to observe and diagnose the social, not to intervene in and change it. He goes on to propose to restore 'criticism' as I. A. Richards conceived it. According to him, criticism in its proper sense refers to a program of aesthetic education which aims to develop new sensibilities, new modes of subjectivity and collectivity, new capabilities of experience, and so on. North's perspective, however, still falls within the limit of the historicist/contextualist paradigm he himself criticizes, in that he fails to grasp the constituent significance of valuation and judgment in criticism.

KCI등재

7촛불광장 이후의 젠더민주주의를 향한 실천

저자 : 김보명 ( Kim Bo-myung )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 179-202 (24 pages)

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In post-candlelight Korean society, three forms of feminist activism emerged: the Me Too campaign, young women's protests against spy cam porn industry, and the reproductive rights movement. All three cases of activism proved that women's rights are still an urgent issue in Korean society, despite the society's seemingly democratic evolution. First, the Me Too campaign brought to public attention the numerous cases of sexual harassment prevalent in various fields of law, popular culture, education and sports. As the campaign proceeded and expanded, a critical legal debate ensued on a woman's right to self-determination. Second, women's protests against the spy cam porn industry made it clear that women needed both public safety and equal access to the criminal justice system. During these protests, thousands of female citizens gathered together to communicate their discontent to the government. Third, a feminist reproductive justice movement which formed in 2016 continued to fight for reproductive rights and justice, and finally won the verdict that rendered the penalization of abortion unconstitutional. In this case, the Constitutional Court recognized woman's right to make a personal decision regarding her pregnancy and her own health, signaling a new era for the feminist reproductive justice movement.
All three cases of feminist activism that unfolded in post-candlelight Korean society raised a question about women's citizenship. In these practices of feminist protest, women not only argued for their right to self-determination but also proved that women are the subject of rights as they enacted and executed political rights to self-determination via direct actions. The politics of rights, as these cases of Korean feminist activism show, cannot be fixed in abstract terms, but are only actualized in and through political praxis.

KCI등재

8좋은 삶을 위하여 「기러기의 꿈」의 탈북 서사와 행복의 이데올로기

저자 : 나은하 ( Na Eunha )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 201-222 (22 pages)

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In light of the emerging literature on North Korean defectors, the article investigates the prevalent discourses on human rights and happiness as an coercive neoliberal ideology. While earlier defector memoirs focused on political accusations of the totalitarian regime and the human rights violation in North Korea, recent memoirs have appealed to the universality of human desire to pursue “the good life.” This change reflects a discursive shift in the public perception of North Korean problems from ideological ones to economic ones within the post-Cold War frame of neoliberal globalization. Focusing on Hansol Jung's play Wild Goose Dreams (2017), the article probes how the illusory promises of the good life serve as mobilizing forces for individuals including North Koreans to cross borders in pursuit for a better life from the so-called Third World to the First World. The play's depiction of a romance between a female defector and a goose father in South Korea reveals the mutually oppressive ways in which the ideology of happiness prevails on the Korean peninsula, where expectations for a better life are strictly dictated by the social norms and lead to affective isolation of individuals and absence of intimate community. The article suggests that such critique of life under neoliberalism prods us to reconsider the notions of freedom and happiness perpetuated in defector narratives and envision the shared future beyond the frame of political ideology.

KCI등재

9베케트 창작이력상의 세차례 주요한 난관 봉착과 그 극복에 관하여

저자 : 이주엽 ( Lee Jooyeup )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 222-246 (25 pages)

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This study aims to retrace the way Beckett faced and solved three major writer's blocks during his writing career. The first was met when he was trying to carve a creative niche under the dominant influence of Joyce. This was addressed by the implementation of his own “Dantean revelation” and his foregrounding of the failure of translation involved with it, as witnessed in Dream of Fair to Middling Women and More Pricks Than Kicks. The second was encountered after the devastating Second World War and the follow-up rehabilitation period, but it was turned into a true watershed by the revelation “in his mother's room,” leading to his “frenzy of writing” of the most famous of his creative outputs from the middle of the 1940s until the middle of the 1950s. The third and last presented itself when that creative frenzy was drained and his metaphysical introspective quest of writing in French was nearly completed. At this point, Beckett achieved a new creative breakthrough by adopting the concept of “soundscape” that his dramatic writing and production experience for radio broadcasting had offered. In the process of addressing those three big creative obstacles, his poetics developed from scriptural figuration through subjective introspection to cognitive phenomenology.

KCI등재

10자연과학과 인문학의 만남 인류세 연구

저자 : 원영선 ( Won Young Seon )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 안과밖 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 245-273 (29 pages)

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Even a glimpse at its origin and the context of its coinage testifies how dramatic it has been for the term 'Anthropocene' to make its first appearance and quickly loom large on the horizon both in academic and popular discourses. Beginning with Nobel laureate Paul Crutzen's first suggestion, it took only ten years until ICS (the International Commission on Stratigraphy) made a suggestion to critically consider the case for the Anthropocene as a formal epoch, and less than a decade before the term came into the mainstream academia. The scholarly attention drawn to it was also well beyond natural sciences; social science and humanities studies almost immediately took it up into their discussions. Dipesh Chakrabarty was one of the first among those who responded to its intellectual challenges, and his pioneering discussions on the epistemological and ontological challenges that the Anthropocene raises for humanities studies have triggered the wide range of criticisms and counter-criticisms.
Originally suggested as a geological notion that humans (Anthropos) as a geophysical force have exerted planetary influences upon earth to change the earth system and thus open a new planetary epoch(Cene), the Anthropocene now epitomizes the current constellation of environmental/planetary crises, generating a variety of discussions about the idea of ecology, climate change, the human, the nonhuman, and deep time. Only a beginning as it has been, last couple of years also witnessed the first surge in the Anthropocene literary studies. And the fundamental questions that the Anthropocene evokes led literary scholars to re-examine literature's capacities and parameters to re-think and re-present Anthropogenic crises today. Though aiming foremost to look into the Antrhopocene in English studies, this study thus first tries to examine the notion within its original conception and the consequent debates around it, and then moves to the major controversies over the notion and its 'human' implications, finally coming to inspect the general inclinations of 'literary' Anthropocene(s) and their specific outcomes.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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