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한국산업보건학회지 update

KOREAN INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE ASSOCIATION JOURNAL

  • : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회)
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1991)~30권3호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 1,013
한국산업보건학회지
30권3호(2020년 09월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1ACGIH TLV가 전면 개정된 알루미늄 화합물의 노출기준 관리

저자 : 박승현 ( Seung-hyun Park ) , 김세동 ( Se-dong Kim )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 30권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 249-255 (7 pages)

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Objective: The purpose of this study was to provide technical information about the management of occupational exposure limits(OELs) for substances with completely revised ACGIH TLVs.
Methods: The history of ACGIH TLVs for aluminum compounds, the reason for the complete revision of the related ACGIH TLV in 2008, and OELs for them in respective countries were reviewed. In addition, the results of a 2019 work environment assessment for aluminum compounds in Korea were reviewed.
Results: In 1979, the ACGIH set up the TLVs for aluminum compounds considering types of compounds such as metal dust, pyro powders, welding fumes, soluble salts, alkyls, and aluminum oxide. However, in 2008 the ACGIH withdrew the TLVs for all types of aluminum and its compounds and adopted new TLVs for aluminum metal and insoluble compounds. This can cause confusion in many countries in the management of exposure to aluminum compounds because they adopt or refer to the ACGIH TLVs.
Conclusion: Although Korea is setting occupational exposure limits by referring to the ACGIH's TLVs, it is necessary to sufficiently review whether it is necessary to accept the TLVs as they are if a TLV is completely changed, like took place with the revision of aluminum compounds in 2008.

KCI등재

2우리나라 COVID-19 확진자 직업 분포와 노동자 보호 방안

저자 : 홍종우 ( Jongwoo Hong ) , 최소현 ( Sohyeon Choi ) , 박정임 ( Jeongim Park )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 30권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 256-269 (14 pages)

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Objectives: Everyone has been affected in some way by the COVID-19 pandemic, while some workers face threats to their health due to their jobs as well as worries about spreading the virus to intimate family members. With these concerns in mind, this study aims to identify occupations more vulnerable to COVID-19 and suggests the necessity of providing proper control measures against the risks in a timely manner in Korea.
Methods: Daily briefing reports by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) were compiled (n=120) between January 20 and May 31, 2020. A total of 11,486 confirmed cases were included, which were sorted by occasion, area, and occupation. Among them, 2,411 cases were classified with specific occasions and/or areas of infection, while only 544 cases were determined with identifiable occupations. Guidelines for biological hazard management and COVID-19 guidelines for workplaces from domestic and international bodies were enlisted and compared.
Results: It is unsurprising to find that healthcare professionals are experiencing the most immediate threat from COVID-19. In addition, service workers with face-to-face practices or indirect contact are also facing high risks. Religion facilities and eating places (dining, drinking bar, café, etc.,) follow. Guidelines and manuals for biological hazards are still lacking in Korea compared to the US and EU. Workplace manuals for managing COVID-19 are neither as comprehensive as the approaches of NIOSH's hierarchy of controls nor inclusive enough for minimizing secondary or tertiary suffering.
Conclusions: The COVID-19 crisis is still ongoing and there is no doubt there will be more such events in the future. This analysis suggests that occupational health professionals, amid a pandemic including COVID-19, are urged to anticipate emerging risks related to all sorts of occupations, identify vulnerable workers and working environments, and plan and take actions to protect workers' health.

KCI등재

31-브로모프로판의 노출 실태와 역학조사에 따른 노출기준 강화에 관한 연구

저자 : 하권철 ( Kwonchul Ha ) , 김승원 ( Seung Won Kim ) , 피영규 ( Young Gyu Phee ) , 이나루 ( Naroo Lee )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 30권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 270-279 (10 pages)

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Objective: The aim of this study was to propose revision of the occupational exposure limit(OEL) for 1- Bromopropane(1-BP) following a review of the appropriateness of the standard in light of increasing epidemiological data and handling risk.
Materials and Methods: The results of toxicity and epidemiologic investigations for 1-BP and agencies' OELs were compared and reviewed through a literature review. In order to investigate the status of 1-BP handling in South Korea, data from work environment actual condition survey results and work environment measurement results were used.
Results: The toxicity of 1-BP, such as central nervous system(CNS) damage, peripheral neuropathy, hematological adverse effects, and developmental and reproductive toxicity(male and female) has been reported. ACGIH recommends 0.1 ppm as a TLV-TWA value, but the OEL of South Korea stands at 25 ppm, which is 250 times higher than the TLV-TWA. Although 1-BP is a specially managed substance under the Industrial Safety and Health Law, the currently applied OEL cannot be said to be a safe level based on the results of epidemiological studies to date. In a work environment measurement in 2017, the total number of samples was 626, which were derived from 78 industries, and the average concentration was 1.173 ppm(standard deviation 2.88).
Conclusions: To protect the health of workers handling 1-BP, estimated to be 780 in South Korea, it is necessary to strengthen the OEL(TWA) to a level of 0.3 ppm(lower than the 0.34 ppm with known toxic effects), which is believed to be safe as a result of epidemiological investigation. “Skin” notation should be recommended.

KCI등재

4물질안전보건자료 대상물질의 유해성 분류기준 적용 연구

저자 : 이혜진 ( Hye Jin Lee ) , 이나루 ( Naroo Lee ) , 이인섭 ( In Seop Lee )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 30권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 280-291 (12 pages)

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Objectives: Hazard classification is a controversial issue in the new MSDS system in which chemical companies have to prepare and submit MSDS for chemicals that they manufacture or import to the competent authorities according to the amended Occupational Safety and Health Act. The aim of this study is to suggest how to apply and manage harmonized hazard classification criteria and results by investigating current hazard classification systems and trends. 
Methods: The domestic issues about different hazard classification criteria and results were investigated by reviewing the literature and business outcomes regarding KOSHA. We also checked official and unofficial reports from the UN to understand international discussion about the topic. Chemical hazard classification results from agencies providing chemical information were analyzed to compare a harmonized rate between classifications. Furthermore, a field survey of a few chemical companies was conducted. 
Results: Under the related competent authorities, an integrated standard proposal was developed to harmonize the domestic hazard classification criteria. Although harmonized chemical information is strongly needed, we recognized the uncertainty and difficulty of harmonized hazard classification from the UN global list project review. In practice the harmonization rate of the classification was generally low between the classification in KOSHA, MoE, and EU CLP. Among hazard classes, health hazards largely led the disharmony. The field survey revealed a change of perception that the main body of chemical information production is manufacturers. Approaches and solutions about hazard classification issues differed depending on business size, types of chemical handling, and other factors. 
Conclusions: We proposed reasonable ways by time and step to apply hazard classification in the new MSDS system. Chemical manufacturers should make and offer chemical information including responsible hazard classifications. The government should primarily accept these classifications, evaluate them by priority, and support or supervise workplaces in order to communicate reliable chemical information.

KCI등재

5농작업시 발생하는 화학적 및 생물학적 위험요인에 대한 유사노출작업군 설정 연구

저자 : 이민지 ( Minji Lee ) , 신소정 ( Sojung Sin ) , 김효철 ( Hyocher Kim ) , 허진영 ( Jinyoung Heo ) , 안민지 ( Minji Ahn ) , 김경란 ( Kyungran Kim ) , 김경수 ( Kyungsu Kim )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 30권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 292-298 (7 pages)

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Objectives: The aim of this research is to establish Similar Exposure Groups (SEGs) for chemical and biological risk factors that occur in farm work involving 24 tasks among 15 crops.
Methods: To categorize SEGs, work type, work environment, and similar tasks for each crop were considered. After confirming the chemical risk factors (pesticides, inorganic dust-total dust and PM10, ammonia, and hydrogen sulfide) and biological factors (organic dust-total dust and PM10, and endotoxins) that occur in the crops and tasks, similar crops and tasks were selected as SEGs.
Results: Among chemical risk factors, pesticides was selected for the SEGs, which was categorized by open field, greenhouse, fruit, and specialty crops. For inorganic dust, open field (plowing harrowing, seedling, planting, harvest, and sorting and packing) and specialty crops (plowing harrowing, seedling, planting, and harvest) were selected as SEGs. For ammonia and hydrogen sulfide, livestock (preparation of farm, management of nursery bed, feeding, shipment and manure treatment) were selected as SEGs. For biological risk factors such as organic dust (total dust, PM10) and endotoxins, open field (manure application), greenhouse (plowing harrowing, planting, manure application, and harvest), fruit (manure application), specialty crops (manure application, making furrows, mixing mushroom media, harvest, and sorting and packing), and livestock (preparation of farm, maintaining poultry litter, feeding, shipment and manure treatment) were selected as SEGs.
Conclusions: To establish similar exposure groups in agriculture, it is important that the characteristics of each hazard factor are categorized by identifying risk factors occurring by tasks.

KCI등재

6작업환경측정 커버리지 확대를 위한 대상 사업장 등록 방안

저자 : 황규석 ( Gyuseok Hwang )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 30권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 299-305 (7 pages)

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Objectives: The most important occupational health activity is work environment measurement(WEM) along with the health examination. The preventive function of the WEM system could be achieved on the assumption that all subjected workplaces are performing correctly the WEM. To achieve properly the original purpose of WEM, we suggested a policy for subjected workplaces that they should register whether subjected or not. 
Methods: We made registration draft through reviewing laws, reports and thesis for WEM. And we conducted Focus Group Interview for industrial health experts using structured questionnaire about the registration. 
Results: There were 412 occupational deaths from 2013 to 2017. And it was found that only 130(31.6%) workplaces which involved in these occupational deaths had conducted the WEM. In order to operate the WEM system with effect, the subjected workplaces should register the subject status. Such registration must be completed at the stage of industrial accident insurance enrollment. 
Conclusions: Conducting WEM is the first step to prevent intoxication accident in workpalces. To operate properly WEM we should correctly understand subjected workplaces. So it is needed for all subjected workplaces to register whether they are subjected or not.

KCI등재

7일개 대학 병원 건강 검진 수검자에서 진동 노출과 골격근 지수의 관련성

저자 : 박영숙 ( Young Sook Park ) , 채창호 ( Chang Ho Chae )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 30권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 313-320 (8 pages)

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Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between vibration exposure and skeletal muscle mass index through a single university health check-up.
Methods: We used data from 134,067 male subjects who received a general health check-up or vibration exposure health check-up out of the 1,515,322 people who underwent medical check-up at a local university hospital from 2002 to 2018. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted for comparing the association between skeletal muscle mass index and demographic and hematological variables in both groups. Mixed linear model analysis after controlling demographic and hematological variables was used to analyze the differences in skeletal muscle mass index between groups at every visit over 10 years.
Results: In the Pearson correlation test, the variables that showed different results when comparing the two groups were C-reactive protein (p=0.001) and glycated hemoglobin (p=0.002) in the vibration exposure group and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (p<0.001) and vitamin D (p<0.001) in the general group. After the adjustment of demographic and hematologic variables, the skeletal muscle mass index at every visit was markedly decreased in the vibration exposure group (p<0.001).
Conclusions: In the vibration exposure group, the skeletal muscle mass index showed a tendency to decrease markedly over time compared to the general health check-up group, which showed that C-reactive protein and glycated hemoglobin would have an influence on skeletal muscle index in male workers exposed to vibration.

KCI등재

8일개 전자제품 제조업 근로자에서 교대근무와 불안증상: 비타민 D와 수면의 질의 매개효과

저자 : 채창호 ( Chang Ho Chae ) , 박영숙 ( Young Sook Park )

발행기관 : 한국산업보건학회 (구 한국산업위생학회) 간행물 : 한국산업보건학회지 30권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 321-330 (10 pages)

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare vitamin D levels, sleep quality, and anxiety symptoms between shift workers and daytime workers and analyze the mediating effect of vitamin D and sleep quality between shift work and anxiety symptoms.
Methods: The subjects of the study were 6744 people who received a medical examination while working for an electronics manufacturing company in 2016. We evaluated their shift work, vitamin D levels, sleep quality, and anxiety symptoms with blood samples and questionnaires. Chi-square test, t-test and path statistical analysis were performed.
Results: The shift workers had significantly higher symptoms of anxiety than the day workers, significantly lower levels of vitamin D in the blood, and significantly poorer quality of sleep. The results of the pathway analysis confirmed that blood vitamin D and sleep quality had a mediating effect between shift work and anxiety symptoms.
Conclusions: Shift workers should be constantly paying attention to mental health effects such as anxiety symptoms. Shift workers should also be alerted of the risk of vitamin D deficiency, encouraged about sun exposure and vitamin D intake, and required to undergo training and counseling on sleep hygiene.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

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