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수록정보
수록범위 : 16권1호(1985)~50권3호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 1,035
Korea Observer
50권3호(2019년 09월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

1Vulnerability of South Korea's Undersea Cable Communications Infrastructure A Geopolitical Perspective

저자 : Sean O' Malley

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 50권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 309-330 (22 pages)

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It is impossible to overstate the importance of undersea cable communications infrastructure (UCCI) to the national and economic security of South Korea. As an isolated, peninsular state surrounded by rivals and aggressors, South Korea depends heavily on these cables, which carry everything from financial transactions to critical military communications. Yet security analysts have devoted little attention to the dangers that come with this dependence. The following paper presents a unique analysis of South Korea's security by focusing on five potential points of failure, thereby highlighting a critical area of national vulnerability. Conclusions suggest policymakers and national security specialists should take additional measures to protect the South Korean state and society from potential damage to this vital infrastructure.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

2Namnamgaldung - Partisan Media Framing of Political Polarization in South Korea

저자 : Hannes B. Mosler , Hee Kyoung Chang

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 50권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 331-354 (24 pages)

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This article investigates how mass media in South Korea frame political polarization. As an extreme form of political conflict political polarization is characterized by antagonistic and divisive effects on politics and society. In South Korea, political polarization is not only negatively affecting its democracy in general but also inhibiting domestic consensus on rapprochement and reconciliation towards North Korea in particular. This is reflected in depicting political polarization as namnamgaldung or South-South conflict referring to two 'Souths' - progressives and rightist-conservatives - polarized in their position regarding how to deal with North Korea. Based on the empirical analysis of newspaper editorials in 2016 this article argues that a partisan framing of South-South conflict in the media is contributing to what the term supposedly is purely describing - political polarization.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

3Asymmetric Fear and its Effects on the Alliance Comparative Studies Between the Perceptions of Koreans and Americans

저자 : Sangbeom Yoo

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 50권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 355-372 (18 pages)

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The author tries to find an asymmetry of perception regarding threats and alliance robustness, especially a non-linear relationship between how people perceive threat and alliance coherence in the small state, with a linear one in the strong state, in an asymmetric alliance. In an effort to find a possible explanation for this question, this project hypothesizes an inverted U-Shaped relationship between threat level and alliance coherence, and tests it through survey data, offering a framework to explain the decoupling phenomena caused by asymmetric fear. The results of a statistical model supports the hypothesis and the author argues that there is a decoupling concern about the ROK-US alliance in South Korean people's perception, while there is no observable trend in the perceptions of people in the U.S. The inverted U-shape relationship between threat and alliance coherence of people's perception can be accounted for in explaining NK behaviors more comprehensively.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

4Making North Korea Human Rights Compliant with a Pluralist Approach Beyond the Commission of Inquiry Processes

저자 : Seongji Woo , Buhm-suk Baek

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 50권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 373-393 (21 pages)

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This article proposes a pluralist approach of mixing various methods and soliciting various actors in solving rampant human rights problems in North Korea. Human rights issues in Pyongyang need to be tackled simultaneously with other concerns of the Korean peninsula such as peace building and economic growth without prioritizing one norm or task over others. Realism, liberalism, and constructivism all help us understand and improve North Korea's human rights problems. We should continue our efforts to increase the sensitivity of North Korea to human rights issues with sticks and carrots. International organizations, non-governmental organizations, and states should make concerted efforts to compel North Korea to observe human rights norms. While North Korea's human rights issues should be approached resolutely by holding the perpetrators accountable for their crimes, the complicated dynamic also requires dialogue and communication, humanitarian aid, investment, mutual education, and cultural exchanges by multiple actors.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

5International Organizations and Economic Openness in South Korea An Empirical Analysis

저자 : Hayam Kim

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 50권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 395-417 (23 pages)

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Are international organizations (IOs) an effective facilitator of economic openness? Policymakers have assumed that joining regional IOs helps enhance exposure to international export and financial markets and thereby promote economic development. As a result, these organizations have been used as a tool to expand openness, and the number of IOs has grown substantially over the past decades. However, while the literature presents different theoretical perspectives about why these organizations are created and how they operate, relatively little research has empirically tested their efficacy in promoting economic openness. This study provides a multivariate analysis of the impact of regional IOs on trade and financial liberalization of South Korea over the 1971-2005 period. Using different measures of openness and estimation techniques, no evidence is found that joining regional IOs leads to increases in trade and financial openness. I conclude with a discussion of policy implications.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

6Social Capital and the Information Network Society in South Korea Do Internet Users and Non-Users Significantly Differ?

저자 : Seong-ho Lim , Kyongjae Song

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 50권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 419-442 (24 pages)

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Do ICTs bring precious momentum and consolidation to social capital, or do they rather inflict a damaging blow? This question has fueled the alarmist/optimist debate. This article intends to enrich the debate by exploring the question in the South Korean context. Our analyses resulted in complex and mixed messages. Internet-users showed a higher level of social trust than non-users, but the two groups did not reveal particularly outstanding differences in other social capital-related components. It is therefore difficult to take a clear and definitive position on whether the relationship between ICT and social capital is positive or negative. This murky picture in South Korea suggests that the alarmist/optimist debate may be too simplistic. Future discussion thus requires more in-depth interpretations on specific contexts before generalizations can be made regarding the issue of social capital in the information network society.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

7Policy Innovation across Korean Local Governments after Democratization Community Safety Committee and Municipal Police System

저자 : Eunmi Lee , Xiufeng Li , Kwangho Jung

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 50권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 443-478 (36 pages)

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This study explores those factors that induce policy innovation among Korean local governments after democratization. While centralism in South Korea prevailed over community democracy after democratization in 1987, since the first local elections in 1995, Korean local governments have experienced a smooth democratic transition and the consolidation of democracy. We attempt to introduce a synthetic application of fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) and event history analysis (EHA) to the actual process for policy decision in policy innovation of police system in Korean local government. This paper collects massive descriptive data derived from police related ordinance diffusion across Korean local governments 2002 to 2012 in order to identify various causal conditions of policy innovation and illustrate synthesis of qualitative and quantitative findings. Our empirical results show that top-down policymaking in the central government still influences the adoption of innovation by Korean local governments and that the emergence of innovation in local governments involving policy competition and bandwagon effects has a significant impact on neighboring local governments.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

8The Evolution of the South Korea-United States Alliance By Uk Heo, Cambridge University Press, 2018

저자 : Dohee Kim

발행기관 : 한국학술연구원 간행물 : Korea Observer 50권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 479-481 (3 pages)

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해당 간행물 관심 구독기관

숙명여자대학교 University of Toronto Australian National University 연세대학교 서울시립대학교
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  • 1 숙명여자대학교 (17건)
  • 2 University of Toronto (16건)
  • 3 Australian National University (16건)
  • 4 연세대학교 (11건)
  • 5 서울시립대학교 (10건)
  • 6 고려대학교 (9건)
  • 7 한국항공대학교 (7건)
  • 8 건국대학교 (7건)
  • 9 University of Oxford (6건)
  • 10 Leiden University (5건)

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