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국방대학교 안보문제연구소> The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA)

The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA) update

  • : 국방대학교 안보문제연구소
  • : 사회과학분야  >  정치/외교학
  • : KCI등재
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  • : 연속간행물
  • : 반년간
  • : 1229-3601
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  • : KNDU Review(~2005)→The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA)(2006~)

수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1996)~24권1호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 296
The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA)
24권1호(2019년 06월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1Readjustment of ROK-US Alliance and Strategic Effects of the USFK

저자 : Jiwon Yun

발행기관 : 국방대학교 안보문제연구소 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA) 24권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 4-19 (16 pages)

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For the past six decades, the ROK-US alliance has been transformed into a strategic alliance at the international level for the expansion of cooperation for counter-terrorism and Peacekeeping Operations (PKO), including on the Korean peninsula and for regional security based on the US forces stationed in Korea. The two countries continue to proceed with discussions about the alliance system, such as the transition of wartime Operational Control (OPCON), as a part of the plan for the readjustment and quality improvement for the future ROK-US alliance. The United States Forces Korea (USFK) plays the most important role in the OPCON transition procedures and the ROK-US military relationship. On the national level, the relocation of the Yongsan Garrison and the US 2nd Infantry Division to K-6 (Camp Humphreys) in Pyeongteak is to be completed by the end of 2018 for the effective use of national land, the improvement of the USFK's military environment, preparation for the North Korean nuclear threat, and new security threats. In this context, the main purpose of this article is to investigate the relocation of the USFK to Pyeongtaek as the basis for change in the command system of the ROK-US alliance and unified defense system, its strategic importance and its effects on regional development.

KCI등재

2Revisiting the Truman Administration's Decision on Non-use of Nuclear Weapons during the Korean War

저자 : Young Ho Kim

발행기관 : 국방대학교 안보문제연구소 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA) 24권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 20-39 (20 pages)

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This paper concerns why the Truman Administration of 1950s America decided not to use nuclear weapons during the Korean War. The existing studies largely provide three groups of reasons for this decision. First, political-strategic concerns include worries about escalation to a general war and a negative impact of the use of the bomb on the U.S. national image. Second, military constraints point to a lack of adequate targets, shortage of stockpiles of bombs and means of delivery, and ineffective result of their use. Finally, cognitive/normative imperatives imply a taboo-like, internalized belief of a use of atomic bomb as morally unacceptable.
Although these explanations are insightful, they focus mostly on the deliberations among President Truman and his advisors in Washington, D.C. However, what is less well-known are the opinions at the regional and local level of the Korean War theater itself and how much of that local input informed the decision-making processes in D.C. This paper attempts to fill this gap and deepen the understanding of the Truman Administration's nuclear non-use decisions during the Korean War by a wider examination of historical records on views of the military leaders and staffs who were engaged more directly in the Korean War theater. As a result, it is found that unlike a conventional understanding, the views at the theater level were more negative rather than supportive for the use of nuclear weapons. In addition to discussing the implications of such a finding, this paper concludes with policy suggestions related to nuclear deterrence for both the U.S. and its allies.

KCI등재

3How to Define 'War' and 'Armed Confict': The New Conceptual Challenge

저자 : Kwang Ho Chun

발행기관 : 국방대학교 안보문제연구소 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA) 24권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 40-69 (30 pages)

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The legal definitions of war and armed conflict were set out in the post-WW2 period but remain contested concepts to this day. The aim of this paper is to examine the difficulties in defining both terms and how this is being affected by the changing nature of the 21st century battlefield. The analysis is centred on case studies of the US and UK and how both countries have traditionally and more contemporarily interpreted and applied the LOAC (Laws of Armed Conflict) and IHL (International Humanitarian Law). This analysis concludes that the differences seen in US and UK approaches set against the complexities of the 21st operating environment have the potential to undermine the accepted definitions of war and armed conflict. The paper also examines the feasibility of using Human Rights Law as an alternative method of controlling belligerents and concludes this is unlikely to be a solution in itself but combined with IHL could form the basis of a new body of conflict law.

KCI등재

4A Litmus Test of the “Big Deal”: North Korea's Willingness to Open the Country

저자 : Jaewoo Choo

발행기관 : 국방대학교 안보문제연구소 간행물 : The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA) 24권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 70-100 (31 pages)

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Will North Korea live up to its denuclearization and economic development commitments as expressed in its 2018 and 2019 New Year's Addresses? As if to convince the world of the validity of his remarks, North Korean leader Kim Jung Un came out of isolation, engaging with leaders from all neighboring states but Japan. On his second encounter with U.S. President Donald Trump, Kim was presented with the so-called “Big Deal,” a total package for denuclearization that included reciprocal incentives. The deal was left standing for future consideration. North Korea must now be very clear with the meaning of America's newly-introduced definition of denuclearization after the first US-North Korea summit, “final, fully verified denuclearization (FFVD).” It was revealed as no less than a complete dismantlement of all North Korea's nuclear development programs including all research and development facilities, testing sites, and fuel and materials, in addition to hand-over of all weapons of mass destruction (WMD) including biological and chemical weapons. Trump's “Big Deal” demands that North Korea open the country for a mine-sweeping type of inspection of all nuclear facilities and sites in thousands of locations. A critical question arises: Will a country yet to open even for economic development be willing to do so for military reasons? Historical evidence suggest the likelihood of Pyongyang's reversion to defiance in order to continue protecting its nuclear development program. Kim suggested as much by describing a “New Path” as an alternate choice for survival as implied in his 2019 New Year's Address.

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서울대학교 University of Texas at Austin Harvard University Australian National University 성균관대학교
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  • 8 Cornell University (1건)
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