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Journal of English Studies in Korea

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(2001)~38권0호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 276
영미문학연구
38권0호(2020년 06월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1“북아일랜드 분쟁” 쓰기: 애나 번즈의 『밀크맨』

저자 : 강미숙 ( Misook Kang )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 영미문학연구 38권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 5-29 (25 pages)

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This article aims to read Anna Burn's Milkman, winner of 2018 Man Booker Prize, as a story of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. Even though the main event of the story occurs in Ulster in the late 1970s, it also covers “the Bloody Sunday” and many other tragic moments that happened during the period. To reflect on the meaning of the Troubles, the story employs experimental narrative techniques such as the odd naming practices; characters in this novel lack proper names; the protagonist is “middle sister”; feminists are “the women with issues.” Likewise, the political divisions and nationalities are not specified: the places are just indicated as “over the border,” “over the water,” and “over the road,” thereby making this story more universal. Milkman contains plenty of insights on sexuality and masculinity. The distorted view of sexuality and fixed gender ideals are inextricably connected with the brutal atmosphere of the community controlled by paramilitaries and their ideological causes. However, Milkman is also a Bildungsroman focusing on the way the protagonist resolves her difficulties and finally reunites with her family and the community. At this point, the women community, “traditional women” as well as “the issue women,” provides a crucial role to “middle sister,” helping her to start the next stage of her life. The narrative techniques are also worth special attention. The main plot, plus plenty of diverting episodes painstakingly analyze the internal social conditions and emotional states. It is the mordant humour, which can be associated with “women's writing,” that makes it possible to resist and overcome the brutality and trauma during the Troubles.

KCI등재

2맬서스의 『인구론』에 나타난 결핍과 과잉의 정치학

저자 : 박혜영 ( Hye-young Park )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 영미문학연구 38권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 31-60 (30 pages)

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Population has been a highly controversial topic since the age of political economy until today as the number of world population is reaching 10 billion by the year 2050. The growth of population is accounted as a dismal symptom of the apocalypse of humanities because it requires more natural resources that are fundamentally finite. Malthus was a progenitor of casting this kind of pessimistic view on the population by demonstrating how deeply the question of increasing population was connected to the predicaments of the poor in the Romantic Britain. In his Essay on the Principle of Population, which was anonymously published in 1798 and immediately attracted a lot of public contention, Malthus, as a leading political economist then, introduced a fundamental fear of boundless increasing rate of population and its apocalyptic results in the future of the state, saying in his famous population theorem that “population increased in a geometrical ratio, and subsistence for man in an arithmetical ratio.”
In this context, this paper examines Malthus's view on the deficiency of nature, which brings scarcity in economy and the excess of sexual desire, which breeds surplus of manpower in demography. This paper examines Population as reflections of his ideas of political economy on the matter of mathematical imbalance between the power of productions(nature) and the power of reproductions(population). He argued that the later so greatly exceeds the power of food production that population should always be held within the resource limits through two types of checks; positive checks that raise the death rate and preventive checks that lower the birth rate. This article traces Malthus's fearsome anxiety on the advance of over-population state by studying his two checks through which he dismisses the idea of the Gordwinian utopianism as unrealistic and undesirable for the poor. It was rather fear itself that led those uncivilized savage of the rural England out of their state of nature and to the better living condition in future.

KCI등재

3대중문학과 오늘의 세계문학: 『칠레의 밤』을 중심으로

저자 : 유희석 ( Hui-sok Yoo )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 영미문학연구 38권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 61-96 (36 pages)

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This paper, focusing on Roberto Bolaño's By Night in Chile, purports to rethink the relationship between the popular literature and the world literature from historical perspective. Facing the grim reality of the levelling effect of commercial literary markets, which is prevalent on a global scale, the critical task of evaluating creative achievements tantamount to the popular literature-cum-world literature is getting more difficult to perform. Bolaño is believed to be one of the most challenging examples to such a task: he is a symbolic figure to audaciously tackle the book market ceaselessly drives itself to produce the world's best-sellers. This paper argues that By Night in Chile is to be 'placed' as the most brilliant and enduring work in Bolaño's entire oeuvre, which deserves the acclaim of the world classic literature. By questioning the fate of the modern literature in general and its reason d'être that is inextricably tied to market and vested interest, this article addresses its full attention to the potential crisis that creative writers are yet to confront. Its tentative conclusion is that By Night in Chile remains one of the most prominent examples that affirms the critical role of literature by demistifying the ideological aura of literature against the age of neoliberalism.

KCI등재

4시장바닥의 인문학자: 하비-내쉬 팸플릿 전쟁

저자 : 이미영 ( Mi Young Lee )

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 영미문학연구 38권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 97-125 (29 pages)

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The Harvey-Nashe Controversy is a pamphlet series made up of Harvey's three pamphlets and Nashe's four works, written from 1592 to 1596. Harvey's pamphlets are Fovre Letters, A New Letter of Notable Contents, and Pierce's Supererogation, and Nashe's pamphlets are Pierce Penilesse, Christs Teares Ouer Ierusalem, Strange Newes, and Have with You to Saffron-Walden. The root of the controversy goes back to Richard Harvey's insult to Nashe in 1589, but the real fight started in 1592 with Nashe's attack on Harvey brothers and their father, a rope-maker. Even though those seven pamphlets written for the Controversy mainly contain harsh personal attacks and vicious libels against each other, they also show considerable similarity in their pride and frustration as discarded humanists in the print market, in their expectation and anxiety as professional writers, and even in their personal backgrounds. As the graduates of Cambridge driven to the marketplace, both writers suffered from their peripheral existence and displayed ambivalent attitude to the press and their new 'patrons,' the readers. Notwithstanding their remarkable similarities, meaningful differences exist in their attitude to the press and the print market, leading to their differentiated construction of authorship and authorial authority. Harvey, an old-generation humanist and former Cambridge professor of Latin rhetoric, expressed ambivalence and reluctance to the new print culture and did not hide his envy toward the young and versatile professional writers like Nashe. Nashe, on the other hand, constructed his authorial authority based on his peripheral status as “daily labor” and created a self-consciously trivialized but self-powered authorship in this new era of the print.

KCI등재

5Reading Keats's “On Seeing the Elgin Marbles”: The Materiality and Mortality of the Fragmented Marbles

저자 : Sunghyun Jang

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 영미문학연구 38권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 127-152 (26 pages)

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Keats's sonnet “On Seeing the Elgin Marbles” (1817) records the poet's aesthetic reaction to Greek marble statues installed in the British Museum, which were originally part of the Parthenon in Athens and transported to Britain by Lord Elgin. The marbles's aesthetic effect on Keats, I would argue, is inextricably bound up with his instant recognition of their materiality, which becomes plainly evident to him in their fragmentary state. The syntactic fragmentation of Keats's sonnet (especially its sestet) appears to imitate, ekphrastically, the fragmented forms of the sculptures. The aesthetic experience related in the sonnet arises from Keats's intense awareness of the decay of the marbles: they have eroded away over time and were cut into pieces by man's activity. In Keats's view, the aesthetic power of ancient artifacts has a basis in their material limits. While most of the enthusiastic reviews of Elgin's collection at the time disregarded its fragmented condition, Keats is made painfully aware of that condition―perhaps thanks to his lack of in-depth knowledge of classical Greek art―and thereby of his own mortality. In his sonnet on the Parthenon marbles, thoughts of materiality and mortality are closely interwoven. The state of physical deterioration to which even the great art of the past succumbs―that is to say, the obvious fact that even the marbles do not outlast time―forces him to contemplate his own death, and further, the fragility of poetic fame. The broken nature of the marbles held in the museum leads Keats to appreciate their aesthetic beauty in relation to the history in which they are steeped. The material decay that temporality has caused to the Elgin Marbles overwhelms the poet with a sense of mortality, fate that he himself and all artistic achievements, perhaps his own poetry, cannot be spared.

KCI등재

6Holmes Vs. Sherlock: Overcoming or Reclaiming Humanity?

저자 : Kyoung-min Han

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 영미문학연구 38권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 153-177 (25 pages)

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This essay compares and contrasts Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes (hereafter Holmes) and the BBC's Sherlock Holmes (hereafter Sherlock) in terms of the degree to which they respectively bear (or do not bear) a resemblance to Yuval Harari's Homo deus, the new kind of humanity with superb data-processing capacity. Doyle's The Hound of the Baskervilles and the BBC's “The Hounds of Baskerville” are given particular attention because of their focus on the conflict between science and superstition. Despite the modernized setting of the BBC's Sherlock, Doyle's Holmes rather than the BBC's Sherlock shows more affinities to Harari's Homo deus, and this essay argues that this ironical fact can be understood within the context of historical, social, and cultural changes. Whereas Dolye's The Hound written at a time humanity was threatened by political upheavals and economic problems presents Holmes as a human god with the power to bring back light and order to the world of dark crimes, the BBC's “The Hounds” carefully follows Sherlock's gradual change from a computer-like person into a fallible human with potential to feel and respond to emotions. While the Victorian Holmes's popularity as a hero of the new era arises from his ability to overcome human constraints, the modern Sherlock's attraction resides in his potential for transformation into a human being with emotional capacity, which reflects the audience's need to reclaim and cling on to humanity in the digital age.

KCI등재

7Creaturely Right in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

저자 : Suh-reen Han

발행기관 : 영미문학연구회 간행물 : 영미문학연구 38권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 179-198 (20 pages)

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This essay raises the question of creaturely right and its cosmopolitan possibilities in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein by arguing that the novel's awareness toward the creaturely condition of earthly life allows us to imagine universal hospitality in the most radical sense. Exploring how the novel identifies the creature as the bearer of life and the creator as the sovereign, this essay's reading opens another way to discuss the question of power and life beyond Foucauldian and Agambenian perspectives on biopolitics. Noting that the Judeo-Christian strain of imagining life given to creatures by the sovereign creator of life has been strangely neglected in current biopolitical discourse, the purpose of this essay is to demonstrate that the notion of creaturely life still persists in Western epistemology at the center of Enlightenment's secularizing efforts. More importantly, the question of creaturely life and the creator's sovereign power complicates modern biopolitics, opening another way to locate the epistemological grounds for violence toward life. This essay's exploration of the creature's right of life in Frankenstein will hopefully contribute to expanding our dialogue on power and life.

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