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한국국방연구원> Korean journal of defense analysis

Korean journal of defense analysis update

  • : 한국국방연구원
  • : 사회과학분야  >  정치/외교학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SSCI,SCOPUS
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 계간
  • : 1016-3271
  • :
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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(1989)~31권1호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 789
Korean journal of defense analysis
31권1호(2019년 03월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

1Is the Era of Korean Middle Power Diplomacy Over? A Realist Perspective

저자 : Michael J. Green

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 1-20 (20 pages)

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A decade ago, Korea seemed poised to establish new leadership on global and regional governance using “middle power diplomacy.” Korea hosted the G-20 leaders in Seoul in November 2010, the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (HLF-4) in Busan in November 2011; and the Nuclear Security Summit with over 50 world leaders in attendance in March 2012. In 2013 Korea joined Mexico, Indonesia, Turkey and Australia on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) to form the MIKTA caucus of like-minded middle powers. Yet experts generally agree that Korea's middle power diplomacy has lost momentum in recent years. Follow-up on these earlier summits has been incomplete and more recent initiatives, such as President Park Geun-hye's Northeast Asia Peace and Cooperation Initiative (NAPCI) and President Moon Jae-in's New Northern and New Southern Diplomacies have failed to gain any traction. What went wrong? An assessment of these various initiatives suggests that Korean-style middle power diplomacy has suffered from three problems: capacity; geopolitics and domestic political divisions. As Asia becomes more contested, Korea will need to take a clearer stand in support of the neoliberal norms that have underpinned the post-war international order. Early middle power strategies based on convening and bridging will leave Seoul in a reactive and vulnerable position as geopolitical competition increases.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

2South Korea's Future Strategies for Better Peace Operations

저자 : Kyudok Hong

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 21-42 (22 pages)

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This study begins by introducing the UN Secretary-General's new drive for reforming the architecture of UN peace operations and why South Korea needs to seize the moment by responding positively to the A4P Initiative. This study suggests that South Korea should explore new strategies by hosting the Peacekeeping Ministerial Meeting in 2022 and preparing for delivering its strategic message to the world to become a key player in UN peace operations. This study argues that South Korea's active participation in international peacekeeping activities would not only have a positive effect on building a future-oriented U.S.-South Korea alliance but also on contributing further to bring a regional peace as President Moon's emphasis on bringing peace through political settlement has much in common with Secretary-General Antonio Guterres' principle of enhancing political strategies to advance lasting political solutions. Finally, this study strongly recommends that South Korea must explore new modes of contribution rather than sticking with boots on the ground. This study also touches upon diversification by suggesting the inclusion of civilian experts and police components to the existing military-only peacekeepers. As mentioned by the Independent Panel on UN Diplomacy, the reorganization and expansion of the PKO center also needs to be considered as a high priority. Having said that, South Korea's new strategy must start with small steps to create an initiative to earn support from many strategic partners in the field, officials from UN headquarters and receiving states. This study concludes with seven policy recommendations, hoping that South Korea transforms itself into a frontrunner for building a robust PKO and making future peacekeeping more effective.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

3Why does North Korea Commit Provocations?

저자 : Byung-deuk Woo

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 43-59 (17 pages)

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On April 27, 2018, at the third two Koreas summit in South Korea, the president of South Korea Moon Jae-in and the chairman Kim Jong Un promised to open a new path of peace. The two Koreas seemed to successfully handle problems between them. However, based on the previous behaviors of North Korea, we should not be too optimistic. The reason why I write this paper in this peaceful mood is that paying attention to national security is always worthwhile. Many scholars have found several reasons for North Korea's provocations against South Korea. However, there is a lack of empirical support regarding them. I try to test and find the reasons for North Korea's provocations. I use multivariate regression and Prais-Winsten regression to test my hypotheses. Domestic stability and power succession have statistically significant relationships with the number of provocations, but the results are quite mixed.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

4Building an “Association of Trans-Korean Peninsula Nations” and China's Role toward the RPG Approach

저자 : Qin Zhu , Xiuyu Fang

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 61-82 (22 pages)

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Tensions flared for a time after North Korea's fifth and sixth nuclear tests as well as THAAD's entry into South Korea. This paper extends the view that the root cause of these issues is the lack of regional public goods (RPGs) on the Korean Peninsula, and its insufficiency results from three major conflicts in the politico-economic situation of the Peninsula. In order to resolve the issues and maintain lasting peace, three specific aspects, i.e., in diplomacy, security and economy, are to be addressed in carrying out the long-term mission of supplying RPGs to the Peninsula. For effective operation and comprehensive management of the RPGs provision, an integration platform with powerful commitments is called for, i.e., “Association of Trans-Korean Peninsula Nations” (ATKPN) co-established by China, the United States, and the two Koreas. Apart from the dilemma commonly identified in the delivery of RPGs, the ATKPN also faces dilemmas specifically from the Northeast Asian order. To overcome the ATKPN's obstacles, concerted efforts are needed to promote the institutionalization of Sino-U.S. “new type of great power relations,” to transform the function of the alliance system, and to cultivate the awareness of “common external threats.”

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

5Provisional Arrangements Pending Maritime Delimitation in the South China Sea: Practices and Prospects

저자 : Quan Ye

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 83-98 (16 pages)

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As an extremely delicate and sensitive matter, it is unrealistic to expect the eventual resolution of maritime delimitation disputes in the South China Sea (SCS) in the immediate future. To manage the disputes and utilize the disputed maritime area, the claimants in this region have made continued efforts to conclude provisional arrangements. Due to the lack of consensus on the precise disputed zones and the low political will to make concessions, the existing arrangements have several drawbacks. To break the stalemate, a set of approaches are indispensable. A reasonable first step might be to develop provisional arrangements in less disputed maritime areas, especially those areas involving only two states. For areas with multiple claims or where the claimants have low political will to cooperate, it is advisable to start with developing arrangements on issues with common interests and easy to implement. For higher sensitive issues, track two connections might be employed at first, so as to pave the way for future official cooperation.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

6The Study of China's Military Strategy and Satellite Development: Moving Toward “Winning the Informationized War Globally”?

저자 : Yuan-chou Jing

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 99-120 (22 pages)

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China's military strategy has evolved across different leaders' eras. Even though China's military strategic guideline always stays on the track of “active defense,” the essence has been shifting from tradition to informationization. Since satellites are able to provide space information support so as to fulfill informationization, once informationization becomes the focus of military strategy, it is supposed to bring momentum to the research and development of satellites. Therefore, satellite development can be considered as an index to check whether the military strategy is being implemented or not.
China is continuously making progress in satellite development. Especially since the informationization was included in the guideline in the Hu Jintao era, satellites started to be able to conduct space information support missions. In conclusion, China is sincerely fulfilling its military strategy through consistent satellite development. On the other hand, “local war” is another focus of strategic guidelines, it implies that China considers its national interests mainly concentrated on this region so far. However, while China's interests are expanding globally, China will need to cultivate its global dominance based on rapid satellite development to safeguard the global interest; “Winning the informationized war globally” might be the next focus.

KCI등재 SSCI SCOPUS

7Understanding the U.S.-Vietnam Security Relationship, 2011-2017

저자 : Dang Cam Tu , Hang Thi Thuy Nguyen

발행기관 : 한국국방연구원 간행물 : Korean journal of defense analysis 31권 1호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 121-144 (24 pages)

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This paper seeks to explore the new dynamics of U.S.-Vietnam security relations from 2011 to 2017. It begins with a review of the attempts before 2011 to establish a foundation for a normal security relationship between the United States and Vietnam, and progresses in the scope and pace of the bilateral relationship in this field. The paper then examines the process of a deepening security relationship between the two countries from 2011 to 2017, focusing on the motivations for increased security cooperation and the developments in five main areas of cooperation, namely maritime security, high-level dialogues, search and rescue, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, and peacekeeping operations. Finally, this paper looks at the potential and limits of the U.S.-Vietnam security relationship, analyzing the possibilities for building a more balanced and effective security relationship and the limitations of U.S.-Vietnam security cooperation. In conclusion, the authors argue that the years from 2011 to 2017 witnessed new and positive moves in the U.S.-Vietnam security relationship. This is a highly significant development for Vietnam and the United States and an illustration of the fast geostrategic change underway in the Asia-Pacific region in the post-Cold War.

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This article explores the efforts of Japan and Australia to enhance the naval capability of third countries―specifically the Philippines―threatened by the rise of China. Considered as middle powers, both countries are members of two associations of maritime democracies, namely: the Democratic Security Diamond (DSD), and the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD). Since the formation of their special strategic partnership, Japan and Australia have jointly assisted in building up the capabilities of the Philippine Navy (PN), Philippine Coast Guard (PCG), and the Philippine Air Force (PAF). The recent dramatic shift in Philippine foreign policy direction fosters this triangular security relationship. On the one hand, President Rodrigo Duterte, in distancing the Philippines from the United States (the country's traditional ally) favors closer security ties with Japan and Australia. On the other hand, Japan and Australia want to prevent the Philippines from gravitating closer to China's orbit of influence and power. Gradually, however, this development can either modify or erode the American hub-and-spoke system of alliance in East Asia and increase the spoke-to-spoke links leading to the creation of minilateral and plurilateral security arrangements in the Indo-Pacific region.

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Leiden University 국립외교원 서울대학교 연세대학교 한국과학기술원(KAIST)
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  • 1 Leiden University (17건)
  • 2 국립외교원 (16건)
  • 3 서울대학교 (9건)
  • 4 연세대학교 (7건)
  • 5 한국과학기술원(KAIST) (7건)
  • 6 University of Toronto (6건)
  • 7 University of British Columbia(CANADA) (4건)
  • 8 Waseda University (4건)
  • 9 American University Library (3건)
  • 10 홍익대학교 (3건)

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