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경찰법연구 update

Journal of police and law

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권1호(2003)~17권3호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 323
경찰법연구
17권3호(2019년 10월) 수록논문
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KCI등재

1대학내 도로의 공법적 조명과 대학내 교통사고 형사처리의 문제점 - 교통사고처리특례법 제3조 제2항 단서 제13호 신설 제안 -

저자 : 박병욱 ( Park Byung-woog ) , 최준혁 ( Choi Jun-hyouk )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 17권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 3-43 (41 pages)

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Nach Verfassung und Hochschulgesetz hat Universität eigenes Selbstverwaltungs recht. Dies schließt universitäre Satzungsbefugnis ein, die im räumlichen Bereich der Universität die Geltung verschafft. Mit Satzungsbefugnis hat Universität das öffentlich-rechtliche Hausrecht. Das universitäre Hausrecht gilt unter dem Universitätsziel, das von Verfassung und Hochschulgesetz ubertragen ist, also Wissenschaft, Lehre und Bildung. Innerhalb diesen Zielbereichs hat Universitätspräsident unter der Einigung der Universitätsmitglieder selbstständige Verkehrsrichtlinie errichten. Sie kann aber keine Strafe festschreiben, nur universitätsinterne Sanktion, sei es verwaltungsrechtliche oder zivilrechtliche.
Das wesentliche Problem besteht nun darin, dass der Autounfallverursacher in der Campus-Straße meistens nicht bestraft wird, wenn er Auto- unfallversicherung hat, obwohl er universitätsverkehrssatzungswidrig gefahren und somit dem Leben oder dem Leib der Passanten in Gefahr gebracht hat. Es liegt auch daran, dass die Universitätsautostraße meistens keine verkehrsrechtliche Straße nach dem koreanischen Strassenverkehrsgesetz ist, so fällt es außer tödlichem Gefahr bringenden Autounfall in den Geltungsbereich des Gesetzes fur spezielle Behandlung des Verkehrsunfalls nicht. Nämlich nur wenn der Autofahrer auf die Universitätsstraße durch Verkehrsunfall das Leben der Passanten genommen, oder unheilbare Krankheiten verursacht hat, ist er bestrafbar. Die Unheilbarkeit ist aber normalerweise sehr schwer festzustellen. Es ist nun nicht abzusehen, dass Universitätsverkehrssatzungswidrigkeit des Autofahrers im strafrechtlichen Gesicht grobe Fahrlässigkeit darstellt, besonders wenn er in der Universitätsstraße gegen Mittellinieeinhaltung, Überholenverbot, Geschwindig- keitsgrenze und Zebrastreifeneinhaltung verstoßen hat und Verkehrsunfall verursacht hat. Auch in der Universitätsstraße gilt die allgemeine Verkehrspolizeibefugnis direkt und generell, wenn die Gefahr zum Leben und Leib erheblich ist, obwohl die Universität das öffentlich-rechtliche Hausrecht und innerhalb deren Zielbereichs selbständige Satzungsbefugnis besitzt.
Somit ist theoretisch die Möglichkeit offen, Autofahrer in der Campusstraße zu bestrafen, wenn er durch Universitätsverkehrsordnungswidrigkeit Schaden oder Gefahr zum Leben oder Leib verursacht hat. Problem besteht nun darin, dass es im Gesetz fur spezielle Behandlung des Verkehrsunfalls keine gesetztliche Grundlage fur die Bestrafung solcher Tätigkeiten in der Universitätsstraße gibt, weil die Campusstraße keine straßenverkehrsrechtliche Straße ist und deren Verkehrszeichen keine straßenverkehrsrechtliche Wirkung entfaltet, weil es meistens nicht von dem dafur zuständigen Polizeipräsident errichtet wird.
Fehlende Gesetzesgrundlage, besonders die Strafe fur Verstöße in der Campusstraße gegen Mittellinieeinhaltung, Überholenverbot, Geschwindigkeitsgrenze und Zebrastreifeneinhaltung kann man im Gesetz fur spezielle Behandlung des Verkehrsunfalls als § 3 Abs. 2 Nr. 13 neu erlassen und fur die Schaffung der verkehrsstrafrechtlichen Wirkung des universitätsinternen Straßenverkehrszeichens kann die Universität die Genehmigung vom zuständigen Polizeipräsident einholen. Hier wird dann kaum eine Rolle spielen, ob Campusstraße eine straßenverkehrsrechtliche Straße ist oder nicht.

KCI등재

2가습기 살균제에 대한 제조물책임법의 적용과 한계

저자 : 윤성호 ( Youn Sung-ho )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 17권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 45-72 (28 pages)

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In our society, the risk of living is also increasing in the economic growth caused by the rapid development of science and technology. The dangers of modern society are not just caused by natural disasters or accidents, but by mainly technology and systems created by humans. The humidifier sterilizer case is an artificial disaster of our society created by the government's poor management and regulatory system that ignores the potential for unethical behavior and risks of companies that only want to trust in chemicals and pursue profits. Humidifier disinfectant are highly technology-intensive products, and the Product Liability Law is an issue that has caused losses to a large number of victims due to defects in mass production and mass consumption.
In this paper, we reviewed the applicability and limitations of the manufacturing liability law to the company's negligence in the humidifier disinfectant case. In addition, we reviewed through the active application of punitive damages (including high-value alimony) under the Product Liability Act and the introduction of a class action system, which is an institutional device that can make efforts or induce the manufacturer's own defects.
In order to ask the manufacturer of humidifier disinfectants for damages, causality should be recognized between defects and damages of the manufactured products but causality should be mitigated in order to protect consumers who do not have scientific or professional knowledge, Furthermore, it is necessary to actively consider the introduction of class action suits as a way to improve the legal system to prevent illegalities and laws by businesses although the victims of defective products are unspecified, and a small number of individual victims are reluctant to remedy the damages and often refuse to raise them due to difficulties in proving them.

KCI등재

3경찰의 피의사실 공표

저자 : 김현숙 ( Kim Hyeon-sook )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 17권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 73-102 (30 pages)

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The solution to the current issue of the fact of the facts of the facts of disclosure is to make the illegality fragments, which are a problem in the application of the law of the facts of the facts, as the provisions of the illegality fragments of defamation and put them as proviso clauses or public announcements for the public benefit. In addition to the provision of additional requirements, it is discussed as a position to let the public announce the fact of fact as it is and to abolish it and solve it as a civil matter because it has already been re-cultured.
First of all, it is appropriate to impose certain obligations on the persons engaged in the investigation in accordance with the original intention of the charges of crimes for the protection of the human rights of the suspects and the state's investigation rights. In a situation where punishment is not punished, it is difficult to avoid criticism of neglecting the private culture of the law. Therefore, some scholars suggest reforming the system of publicly declaring the facts of crime, and reorganizing it into a criminal type for personal legal interests such as defamation or insults. There are also views that suggest. I believe that the view of making a statement of facts in the same chapter as defamation crimes differs in the legal interests pursued by both, so it is not appropriate to reorganize the system into personal interests. In addition, as set forth in 2010, Article 126-2, which newly established the requirements for formal presentation of the investigation situation, would not be agreed with the purpose of preventing crime predictions due to the press release of the suspect before the trial.
Next, the abolition of the clause is that it is not appropriate to leave in light of the current investigation by the investigative agency. It is an argument to replace the accused publicity and to restrict the publication of the accused facts in the administrative rules such as the Criminal Investigation Regulations, or to punish for the purpose of confidential leakage, public interruption, defamation, etc. according to the purpose. In my opinion, the Supreme Court acknowledges the scope of secrecy in secret leaks very narrowly, so it may be questionable whether it is worth protecting the suspect as a secret. It is also questionable whether the fact is related. In addition, the infringement due to the facts is not necessarily the honor of the suspect, so the scope of protection of the parties may be considerably reduced from the present.
There is no way to discourage the facts from being reported before the trial, even if the legislative purpose of the protection of the offenses includes the human rights of the suspects. However, as in the case of the United States, the court has ordered the press to prohibit the press for a certain period of time, or the National Human Rights Commission to relieve the rights of those who have been affected by the announcement of the facts. You can suggest ways.
In the past, the public announcement of the facts was mainly at the center of human rights violations caused by misuse of state power. Now, the human rights violations by the media are shifting to the center. In fact, it is not easy to apply the crime in the situation where the investigating agency that manages the fact-finding crime becomes the subject of publicizing the fact. Therefore, despite the numerous revisions to the fact-finding offense, it has not been abolished, and the symbolic aspect of the fact-finding can be punished at any time. However, in order to secure effectiveness in the direction of human rights protection, it is necessary to revitalize the fiscal application system or to examine or investigate a third party's disclosure of suspected facts. It is also suggested to apply the deliberate publicity of the accused facts to the media, which is the main subject reporting the facts.

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Personal data protection laws in South Korea, which are established on the fundamental right of informational self-determination, require any data controller to obtain subject's informed consent to process her personal data and those who breach the informed consent requirement are sanctioned by criminal and administrative penalties. Some argue that the current legal framework on privacy is not suitable to provide internet users with substantial protection for their privacy and, especially in the private sector, the informed consent model of personal data protection should be substituted by the notice and choice model as is enforced in the United States. Some also contend that criminal sanctions of those who process personal information without consent should be abolished as industry self-regulation would provide for enough protections for the privacy of personal information. A deeper look at the core features of the U.S. Constitution would be necessary to understand how the privacy policy and opt-out mechanism has been evolved in the United States. The Constitution of the United States has been developed as a charter of negative liberties to protect Americans from oppression by state government. It does not impose any affirmative obligation on the State to protect its citizens against private actors. It means that the fundamental rights of the U.S. Constitution cannot be infringed by another private person, the U. S. Constitution does not apply to legal relations between private entities as long as there is no state action, and the states does not take any responsibility for ensuring the fundamental rights in private sphere. On the contrary, the Constitutional Court of Korea has been held that the basic rights establish an objective ordering of values, which should be respected in all areas of law such as legislation, public administration, and adjudication. Consequently, the legislature should carry out its duty to criminalize the infringement of privacy, if the essence of the fundamental right of informational self-determination were violated or threatened to be violated. The self-regulation model of the United States is not harmony with the Korean constitutional system which recognizes the positive obligation of legislature to protect the constitutional rights of the citizen. Moreover, it would not be reasonable to abolish criminal penalties only in relation to the protection of online privacy as criminal sanctions are broadly used to protect the fundamental right of informational self-determination in other contexts.

KCI등재

5사법폭력 피해자 보호에 관한 소고 - 진도 가족간첩단 사건을 통해서 본 재판업무 개선방향을 중심으로 -

저자 : 김재민 ( Kim Jae-min )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 17권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 137-166 (30 pages)

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This study looked at the characteristics of judicial violence as a national crime and reflected what issues could be highlighted from the victimological perspective, focusing on the manipulation of the Jindo Family Spy Case, which is a typical one of illegal and unjustified judicial violence incidents.
Among the victimological issues shown in the above cases are 1) the weighting of victims' pain caused by progress in victimization stages; 2) the re-production structure of judicial violence due to human existential limitations; 3) the justification of judicial violence through the adoption of leading ideologies; 4) the delay in recovery of damages caused by the opposition based on the completion of the extinction prescription.
To improve the court's trial work for preventing similar types of judicial violence from occurring, this author recommended several policy proposals, including 1) imposing legal responsibility on judges involved in judicial violence rulings, 2) seeking to resolve the issue of the opposition based on the completion of the extinction prescription, 3) searching for the proper interpretation methodology of re-examination to expand the scope of protection of victims, and 4) studying civil control measures against the court's arbitrary trial.
Judges are apt to be insensitive to the suffering of victims of judicial violence because they do not take legal responsibility for the rulings they have made under the banner of judicial independence and because they are outside the control of the people who are sovereign. Therefore, in order to prevent future victimization due to illegal and unjust judicial violence, proper measures should be actively implemented for judges to be taken responsibility for their interpretation and application of the law.

KCI등재

6농아자의 형사책임과 형법상 농아(聾啞)의 의미

저자 : 김영중 ( Kim Yeong-jung )

발행기관 : 한국경찰법학회 간행물 : 경찰법연구 17권 3호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 167-186 (20 pages)

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Under various laws, deafmute persons are subject to protection. Article 11 of the Criminal Code also stipulates that deafmute persons are those with weak responsibilities and must be reduced to punishment. A deafmute person is who cannot speak without hearing. They stand in the weaker position than those without disabilities in procedures set by law due to physical disability, especially in procedures where basic rights may be infringed. Therefore, as a weak, the law requires consideration for the exercise of rights.
However, the criminal responsibility of the deafmute as stipulated in Article 11 of the Criminal Code has a different meaning than the protection of the weak. Historically, this regulation was regarded as a person with insufficient education and poor mental judgment. This treatment is seen in ancient Roman law, as well as in criminal law. Under the Criminal Law, an actor can be held accountable in perfect condition when he or she has both the ability to discern things and the ability to judge them accordingly. However, in the case of deafmute person, such judgment was considered poor on the premise that they could not receive enough education. Of course, lack of education can also make people less aware of what they are doing.
What is the position of the deaf at present? In modern times, deafmute persons are subject to special education in order to receive an equal education with ordinary people. With this special education, the deaf are also active as members of society. In particular, under criminal law, the ability to differentiate or judge objects appears to be equal compared to those without disabilities. Nevertheless, the criminal law treats deafmute person as those with weak responsibilities. This study looked at how the regulations of the deaf were introduced from a historical perspective, and proposed to abolish this regulation by revising the criminal law since the reason for introduction has disappeared in modern times.

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2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

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