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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1994)~104권0호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 1,350
군사논단
104권0호(2020년 12월) 수록논문
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1북한 비핵화에 대한 허상과 실상

저자 : 홍용표

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 4-9 (6 pages)

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2남북관계, 한미동맹, 우리의 미래 : 국제국방군사학술세미나 기조연설

저자 : 반기문

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 13-17 (5 pages)

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3코로나 19 사태와 국제적 비전통 안보위협 : 한국 안보에 주는 함의

저자 : 박인휘

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 18-35 (18 pages)

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4군사규제 관련 갈등관리 개선방안 연구 - 부대 재배치 및 군사시설보호구역 규제를 중심으로 -

저자 : 심재정 ( Shim¸ Jae-jeong )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 39-64 (26 pages)

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The military imposes regulations including the designation of protection zone of military installation and the restriction on acts in such zones. The military also promotes the relocation of military bases according to the 『Nation Defense Reform 2.0』 plan. The areas directly influenced by such policies are mostly where military bases on the front lines are concentrated. The members of the relevant local communities are demanding measures to resolve such disadvantages from the military. The military is making efforts to address the conflicts caused by the measures to reform regulations regarding protection zones and the relocation of military bases. In this study, the influence of promoting military base relocation on local communities and the effect of conflict management related to protection zones were analyzed. The analysis result showed that the promotion of military base relocation had a negative effect on the previous stationing areas such as joint economization and a decrease in population. In addition, the effect of conflict management policies regarding military base relocation and military regulation was relatively high. However, efforts to improve the responsiveness and equity of local communities were necessary. Based on the results, an effective measure to improve the promotion of military base relocation and the regulation reform policies was drawn. It is necessary for the military to promote the relocation of military bases in line with regulation reform measures in the future. Regulation reform should be promoted in a way to manage protection zones at an appropriate level according to an operational environment in future. In addition, measures to reinforce the cooperation system between the public and the military and expand legal and financial assistances are also necessary.

5미 차기 행정부의 한반도 안보정책 전망과 한국의 대응방안

저자 : 정경영 ( Chung¸ Kyung-young )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 65-89 (25 pages)

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President-elect Joe Biden who put emphasis on alliance and multilateralism will require expectation and cooperation from his allies and partners. It is expected that he attempt to recuperate international order as a global leader. He will contain China by running faster. He will restore the ROK-U.S. alliance and adopt bottom-up realistic policy toward North Korea's nuclear issue. President-elect Biden will pursue proactive position related to the Condition-Based Transition of Wartime Operational control and reasonably resolve defense burden sharing issue in the appropriate manner.
By understanding and agreeing to a shared future vision of the Korean Peninsula, we will be able to build a peace regime through determination with our allies.
A vision of a peace regime on the Korean Peninsula is to ① require strong diplomatic and security power in order to protect a unified Korea, ② pursue freedom, democracy, free market economy, human rights, and rule of law, ③ orient non-nuclear and peace state, ④ adopt parallel policy between alliance and multilateral security,
The mission of the ROK-U.S. alliance is to deter war on the Peninsula, and if deterrence fails, this combined team must be prepared to wage a five-domain war of cyber and space as well as ground, maritime, and air. Based on this, the alliance should strive to create a peace regime on the Korean Peninsula as its end state mission goal.
The ROK-U.S. alliance should endeavor to create peace on the Korean Peninsula by facilitating North Korea's denuclearization, establishment of new combined defense system through the transition of wartime operational control, security regime building in Northeast Asia, and signing of a Korean Peninsula peace treaty.
First, our alliance should develop strategies for North Korea's denuclearization through contingency scenarios in simultaneous and parallel ways. Second, the ROK-US alliance should establish a ROK-led combined defense systems through the transition of wartime operational control (OPCON) and manage the peace. Third, considering average ten percent increase of defense burden, we can review 15 percent increase of defense burden sharing to five year from as appropriate level. The UNC's role is crucial to implement and execute the armistice agreement. The Chinese and North Korean representative groups, which left MAC in 1994, should return and re-energize their efforts to support the MAC'S mission. Combined joint exercise should be resumed in order to deter war and keep peace. ROK-U.S. combed maneuver exercise should resume to manage peace and win the war.

6중·일의 항모경쟁과 한국의 대응과제

저자 : 김강녕 ( Kim¸ Kang-nyeong )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 90-117 (28 pages)

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Aircraft carriers are complex weapons: ① attack weapons(floating airfields), ② defense weapons(escorts such as Aegis ships), and ③ attack deterrent weapon (displaying the ability to project power). An aircraft carrier means more than just an attack weapon. The competition for aircraft carriers has begun in Northeast Asia. China is also building its third aircraft carrier after two aircraft carriers and aims to have six by 2035. Japan declared the introduction of aircraft carriers in its Mid-term Defense Program(2019-2023). In response to China's aggressive aircraft carrier rise and Japan's formalization of its aircraft carrier possession, the ROK(MND) has also officially announced a project to introduce the 30,000-ton light aircraft carrier(LPX-II). The ROK Navy plans to complete the concept design of the light aircraft carrier by the end of 2020 and begin the basic design in 2021 to deploy it by early 2030. Future tasks include ① Securing budget for securing light aircraft carriers; ② Maintaining and strengthening defense-sufficiency forces against neighboring aircraft carriers; and ③ Gathering wisdom and capabilities of many people to build and deploy Korean-style light aircraft carriers. We will have to do our best to maintain and strengthen the strong Korea-U.S. alliance and aircraft carrier forces.

7중국의 지역패권화 가능성과 한계 - 남중국해 분쟁사례를 중심으로 -

저자 : 석두식 ( Seok¸ Doo-sik )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 118-140 (23 pages)

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The purpose of this research is to analyze the possibility of Chinese regional hegemony and its restraints in the East Asia. China's movement for its hegemony has restrains such as development, integration, and regime issues, and issues of development are closely related to the later two as regional unbalancing as the example.
South China Sea disputes in 2015 and 2020 share the same fact that the claims of the United States and China confront; international water and exercise of sovereignty, however, the distinctive point is given by the increasing intensity of disputes and it would likely to be extended as the competition for hegemony. Considering China's movements in its national development strategy, hegemonic approaches, and augmentation of military power, Chinese intention to achieve maritime and regional hegemony in the East Asia becomes much specific. However, China's vulnerability of growth power comparing to capabilities of the United States, regime instability due to issues of human rights and ethnic groups, and antipathies of surrounding states against Chinese pursuit of national interests provide limitations for China to achieve the regional hegemony in a near future.
Rule of power and mobilization of military strength of China shown in disputes of South China Sea are also being presented on the Korean peninsula. Along with diplomatic efforts, an increase of naval capability against illegal entries of China. A realistic reasoning on requests for cooperation and support to the United States and China must be carefully considered, and mitigate risks by reducing the dependency on trades with China.

8텍스트마이닝을 이용한 보수와 진보 언론의 '국가안보' 프레임 분석

저자 : 신동호 ( Shin¸ Dong-ho )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 141-166 (26 pages)

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In principle, the media should be balanced and objective in reporting non-biased. This is because reports that have lost fairness and objectivity cause conflicts and divisions in society. Today, Korean journalism tends to see a noticeable increase in news reports that have lost their realism, objectivity and neutrality. The reality is that conservative and progressive media are pouring out biased reports of their own subjective and overemphasizing one side.
Regardless of conservatives and progressives, national security must be prepared and responded with one mind. This is because it is an important matter for the entire nation. Nevertheless, the reality is that the frame of conservatism and progressivism shows different positions and opinions.
This study was intended to collect articles that reported major national security issues using BigKines, extract keywords from press releases with text mining, one of the big data analysis techniques, and analyze them with network techniques to compare and analyze the media's conservative and progressive frames on national security.
When the results of the study were analyzed by comparison, even if the reports of conservative and progressive media were the same issue, they could see that the frame of the report frame. Citing the shooting of government officials in the West Sea as an example, conservative media viewed it as a frame in which the government failed to respond properly, while progressive media focused on fact-finding reports on what North Korea reported.
Second, in the analysis of key words, conservatism is analyzed as the most important keyword in Korean security, with its representative keyword “North Korea,” while progress expresses that “president” is the most important keyword in national security and has expectations and hopes for the president. According to an analysis by WordCloud, the North Korean keyword of conservatism was the “America” with high frequency but high centrality, and “America” also proved that both conservatives and progressives play a central role in South Korea's security.
Finally, as a result of CONCOR analysis, which determines the sidewalk frame, it can be seen that remuneration and progress deal with national security with very different frames.
Through this study, we can see that in reporting the important issue of national security, there is a window of reporting of conservatism and progress, and that the frame of national security is viewed from different angles. Freedom of speech is guaranteed, but at least until the day when the windows to look at the task of national security with national survival come straight to each other, we need to practice thinking and conscious together.

96·25전쟁 시 학도의용군의 활약과 보훈선양방안 - 포항지구전투 학도의용군과 재일 학도의용군을 중심으로 -

저자 : 이원희 ( Lee¸ Weon-hee )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 167-192 (26 pages)

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Despite the absence of military duty during the Korean War, nearly 300,000 Student Volunteers participated in and played an important role supporting when the troops had s shortage. They contributed to revering the war situation and raising the morale of the Korean armed forces by carrying out various forms of combat and combat support activities
During the Nakdong-River defense operation, 71 Student Volunteers from the 3rd Infantry Division carried out the Pohang Girls' Middle School battle. They defended against 4 attacks by the North Korean military for 11 hours, delaying the advance of the enemy and protecting the classified documents and supplies of the rear command post.
Also the 1st Guerrilla-Battalion consisted of 772 student volunteers, under the command of the Army Headquarters greatly contributed to the success of the Incheon Landing Operation by deceiving the enemy and disrupting the enemy's rear in the Jangsa landing operation.
The participation of Student Volunteers from Japan is meaningful in that it was the world's first overseas residents participation in war by participating in a total of 642 people on five occasions during the Korean War and instilled national pride. Today it can be a model for many young people who try to avoid military service by any means.
The following are measures to enhance the benefits of the student volunteer Force.: the expansion of compensation for domestic student volunteer Force, diversification of school education methods on the activities of the student volunteer Force, prevention of the creation of false hero stories, systematic management of memorial halls related to the student volunteer Force, maintenance of the contents of memorial facilities, and exploring the remains of soldiers killed in action and finding ways to identify them.

10대한민국국군의 역사적 정통성 재검토

저자 : 심헌용 ( Sim¸ Heon-yong )

발행기관 : 한국군사학회 간행물 : 군사논단 104권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 193-211 (19 pages)

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Nowadays it's alive to discuss on the historical legitimacy of the national army of the Republic of Korea(NA ROK). The core of debate is on its historical roots.
Till now, it has been known us to originate from the building of the Korean Constabulary Reserve. However the other point of view has been made a statement, that is, from the establishment of the Korean Independence Army(KIA), as the regular army of the Provisional Government of ROK(PG ROK).
From the pint of scientific view It has been studied as the prodecessor already from 1950's-60's years on the Righteous Army - Army for Independence-KIA. on the traditionary military lines or korean armies. And the more the era of 1990'a Post Cold war historical documents of the late socialist states gave to korean academic circles over the problem of the legitimacy of NA ROK, too.
Than is why, this article aims to clarify the point of view on the historical roots of legitimacy of NA ROK as follows. Above all, the Former assumption been raised under the system of Cold war from the regime of US Military Government(US MG), which refrain the activities of KIA of PG ROK etc. US MG appointed leaders of KIA, PG ROK to the important posts of the National Defense Institutions and the general Headquarters.
Nevertheless, the NA ROK as a regular army, which succeeded to the constitutional legitimacy of PG ROK. ROK administration inherited administrative and military rights from US MG and established the NA. NA ROK succeeded the system of military control.

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