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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1975)~80권0호(2019) |수록논문 수 : 1,336
중국연구
80권0호(2019년 09월) 수록논문
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The theory of Yin-Yang and the Five Elements in China was theoretically organized during the Warring States period, became prevalent in many fields of politics, society and culture etc. in Han Dynasty, so was described in all the documents in a variety of way.
Among the documents of Han dynasty, the theory of Yin-Yang and the Five Elements was dealt importantly particularly in 『Huainanzi(淮南子)』, 『Chunqiu Fanlu (春秋繁露)』 and 『Baihu Tongyi(白虎通義)』. As for the characteristics of the theory of Yin-Yang and the Five Elements in those three books of Han dynasty, the diagraming of Sangsaeng and Sanggeuk of the Five Elements, the foundation of the theory of Saenggeukjehwa(生剋制化), was made, Sibeewunseongbeop and Wangsanghyususa of the Five Elements that can divide the force of the Five Elements were covered, the Five Elements were combined with Yin and Yang wholly by the assignment of wood(木), fire(火), metal(金), water(水) and earth(土) to So-Yang(少陽), Tae-Yang(太陽), So-Yin(少陰), Tae-Yin(太陰), and Jung-Gung(中宮) through the explanation of Sasang(四象, four images), diversification in the interpretation of earth(土) among the Five Elements led to the establishment of theories on earth(土), such as Sagyewolseol(四季月說, the theory of four seasons), 72ilgyehaseol(the theory of 72 days of late summer), 30ilgyehaseol(the theory of 30 days of late summer) and Towangsageyron(土王四季論, the theory of four seasons with earth as the king) because earth(土) was regarded as important during Han dynasty under the influence of Odeokjongsiseol(the theory of ending and beginning by five virtues) and a new theory was established through the description of Inwolsesu, the 24 divisions of the year and so on.

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2시니컬 리얼리즘과 인민의 얼굴들, 몸

저자 : 김영미 ( Kim Young Mi )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 80권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 25-48 (24 pages)

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Cynical Realism is an idiom created consciously by Li Xianting, a Chinese contemporary art critic under a clear purpose of wanting to inform the Chinese art industry earnestly along with the creation of idioms like 'Political Pop Art' and 'Gaudy Art'.
The paths of these terms were mainly through magazines and the Venetian and Sao Paulo Biennale in Brazil which were done in 1993, 1995 and 1997, and the works exhibited here were sold in each market of the world art since mid-2000. This led China's contemporary art to enter the capitalist line, and virtual realism became the most “Chinese” part of Chinese contemporary art by selling it at the highest price. In particular, these cynical realism artists who were educated in the socialist era wanted to open a new socialist art in the post-socialist era were people like li Wei, Fang Lijun, Zhang Xiaogang, Yue Minjun, and Zheng Fanzhi.
The characteristics are as follows.
First, they focus on the 'face'. This confirms the status in which art was used in the last socialist period. It represents important symbols in post-socialist China by replacing the face of the present people in the portraits of Mao Zedong.
Second, 'family' stands out as the identity of the individual and stands at the crossroads of 'people', a member of the socialist era. This is read as a movement to push out the existence of 'workers, peasants, soldiers' who existed only as constituent members of socialism in the past socialism, and to find their identity in the family members.
Third, they pay attention to 'emotion' such as laughter or depression. This is also is in contrast to Mao's expressionlessness. which was the face of a public hero during the socialist era. The face of the people in the post-socialist era is just one person who is in the process of being happy. Especially, their emotions need attention because they are laughters and depressions that are pretended expressions rather than direct expressions.
The post-Socialist “people” were now different from the positions of the socialist people. They have evolved into many classes, and in the present situation, the people are actually in contact with the so called "social lows" after 2000.Thus, it can be said that the cynical realism is a realistic demonstration of the fact that the term "people" which was used in the socialism period, should be reconsidered.

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3현대 중국어 수량N1+VP+수량N2 구문 연구 - 구문상속 개념을 통한 일반화 관계 포착

저자 : 남양우 ( Nam Ryang Woo )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 80권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 49-73 (25 pages)

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This paper assumes that the form of quantity N1+VP+quantity N2 is the construction of the construction grammar, and attempts to capture the generalization that exists between the different types of quantity N1+VP+quantity N2 construction.
Based on existing studies and various examples, we classified quantity N1+VP+quantity N2 construction into seven categories according to their semantic roles. We tried to find out the prototype construction among these, and we argued that type 1 is the prototype construction. There are four grounds for an argument. First, Type 1 is the greatest in terms of the significance of the foreground-background reversal phenomenon. Quantity N1+VP+quantity N2 construction arranges participants differently from our common sense. This marked arrangement implies a specific intention, we can regard the intention as 'available'. Thus, the degree of foreground-background reversal phenomenon has an important status. Second, the type 1 matches the number of construction argument and the number of verb's argument, whereas type 4 does not. The the number of construction argument and the number of verb's argument must be matched. Third, there were many verbs that had < theme agent > as a mandatory argument in many types. This can be seen as the result that type 1 is a prototype construction and it has been extended to other constructions. Fourth, Type 4 is also the same as type 1 in that it is in the order of 'object +V+human'. In other words, type 4 was derived by type 1.
We discussed the construction argument of the quantity N1+VP+quantity N2 construction. Although the use or user argument is not a general argument, it was discussed why setting up such argument is necessary and on what grounds it could be established.
This paper also discussed the systematic relationship existing among the seven types of quantity N1+VP+quantity N2 construction based on the construction inheritance.
As a result, we found out the quantity N1+VP+quantity N2 constructions are organically related to each other through polysemy link. The prototype quantity N1+VP+quantity N2 construction is their template, and they were derived and developed through this prototype construction.

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4汉韩重叠词的主观性对比研究

저자 : 董秀芳 ( Dong Xiu Fang ) , 高銀美 ( Ko Eun Mi )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 80권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 75-96 (22 pages)

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This study starts with the promise that reduplication, which is commonly present in various languages, also brings out common functional effects.
This study attempts to classify types and analyze functions of reduplication in Chinese and in Korean language, from the perspective of subjectivity.
The main arguments of this paper are the followings ;
With reference to the subjectivity of language, The function of reduplicated words in Chinese is “diminutive”, “augmentative”, “pejorative”, “affectionate”. On the other hand, the function of reduplicated words in Korean is “augmentative”, “adverb derivation”, Korean reduplicated words became an onomatopoeia and describe an objective state.

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5“数量短语(NumP)”的肯定和否定的不对称问题考察

저자 : 李贞仁 ( Lee Jung In )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 80권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 97-116 (20 pages)

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This study analyzed the asymmetry of affirmation and negation with 'Numeral Phrase(NumP)' in the modern Chinese by syntactic, semantic, generative(Phrase Unit) approach.
First, the negation construction for an affirmation was divided into three types with A type, B type, and C type.
A type : “Negation Phrase(NegP) + Verb Phrase(VP) + Numeral Phrase(NumP)”
B type : “Numeral Phrase(NumP) + Negation Phrase(NegP) + Verb Phrase(VP)”
C type : “Verb Phrase(VP) + Negation Phrase(NegP) + Numeral Phrase(NumP)”
As for conclusions analyzed, it suggests result summary in order syntactic, semantic, generative method below.
Syntactic features is summarized as follows. The location of a negation phrase or the tendency which people speak the sentence with a negation phrase can make affirmation and negation of a numeral phrase be asymmetry syntactically. The difference with regard to constituents of sentence, emphasis structure, and practical use can be decided by the location of numeral phrases. B type tends to shows an asymmetry phenomenon syntactically.
Semantic features is summarized as follows. The order of a negation phrase and a numeral phrase should make affirmation and negation of a numeral phrase be asymmetry semantically
Generative features is summarized as follows. The generative mechanism regarding A type, B type, and C type provided the radical basis for the negation construction in syntactic method and the degree of negation in semantic method. This studied with regard to the asymmetry of affirmation and negation with 'Numeral Phrase(NumP)' and then suggested some superficial knowledges, however this study will try to make better progress continuously.

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6北京话区别于普通话的词汇特点及发展趋势

저자 : 赵晶晶 ( Zhao Jing Jing ) , 罗敏球 ( Na Min Gu )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 80권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 117-150 (34 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to observe and analyze the Beijing dialect from the perspective of the lexicon. It sought to determine the lexical differences between the Beijing dialect and Putonghua.
In the first part, it introduces the connection between the Beijing dialect and Putonghua and describes in details their individual developments in different historical stages. These imprints of the evolution of language in history have made distinctions between the Beijing dialect and Putonghua.
The second part of this paper analyzes the lexical features of the Beijing dialect based on four aspects: the characteristic of word-formation, variant pronunciations of mono-syllabic words, usage of Measure words, and loanword from the Mongolian and Manchu language. First, in the basic Chinese vocabulary, there are about 47.11% of words that are different between the Beijing dialect and Putonghua. The differences between these words are mainly due to differences in partial morphemes, differences in the number of syllables, and the presence or absence of retroflex ending. Second, for the pronunciation of mono-syllabic words, the differences mainly occurs in tone sandhi, changes in finals or initials and dissimilation of the phoneme. Third, the characteristics of Measure words in the Beijing dialect use nouns indicating body parts. Fourth, most loanwords from the Mongolian or Manchu language are written in the way of phonetic loan characters. Some of the phonetic loan characters are associated with the meaning of the borrowing words, but some are not.
The third part of this paper expounds on the direction of development of the Beijing dialect and Mandarin from the aspects of urban population structure; the people's attitudes toward language and the language environment in the Beijing dialect and Putonghua; and government policy intervention. In general, the vocabulary of the Beijing dialect is gradually losing its characteristics and becoming more and more like Putonghua.

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7쑤퉁(蘇童)『참새이야기(黃雀記)』와 시대 비판 공간 - 참죽나무 거리의 변화를 중심으로

저자 : 정중석 ( Jung Joong-seck )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 80권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 151-175 (25 pages)

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This paper has studied the new full-length novel Yellow Sparrow by Su-Tong focused on the change of Xiangchunshu street. Contrary to its name, Xiangchunshu street was the poor, humble, dirty and decaying street. Because this street had got the childhood memory of Su-Tong, the novel set in this street was almost coming of age novel. However Yellow Sparrow was different from the past coming of age novel. Not only this new novel did not describe the gang fight or violence which past coming of age novel appeared frequently, but also the feature of Xiangchunshu street itself changed. Xiangchunshu street of this work changed from the small, dirty and humble street to clean and spacious street to commercial district with full of shops. This space was changed to the space which writer Su-Tong revealed critical opinions on the phases of times.
Therefore this paper studied the change of Xiangchunshu street from the viewpoint of the metaphor of soul loss, Chinese economic reform and mammonism, sin metaphor rope, sexual assault and murder. In the metaphor of soul loss chapter, the loss of soul meant that where human soul should be converted to in the acceleration of Chinese capitalism. It allegorized that human being not only became the slave of material but also lost the humanity in commodity society.
In the Chinese economic reform and mammonism chapter, this paper explained that grandfather's action of digging a tree up was transformed into the movement of digging for gold. This paper explained not only that grandfather's room was changed into the boutique of Mr. Ma but also that the boutique was changed into the shop of nutritional supplement once again.
In the sin metaphor rope, sexual assault and murder chapter, this paper explained that the wages of Xiannu's sin was that intake tower where she was sexually assaulted became both her starting point and ending point. This paper explained that although Liusheng had matured atoning for his wrong, the wages of his sin was death finally. Also explained that the rope which was Baorun's only hope made him fall into the bottomless pit on the contrary.

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8완료상표지 '有'의 품사자질 연구 - '유몰유(有沒有)+VP?'구조를 중심으로

저자 : 최정미 ( Choi Jung Mi ) , 최재영 ( Choi Jae-young )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 80권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 177-197 (21 pages)

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The question 'YOUMEIYOU(有沒有)+VP?' indicating 'Perfect' was mainly used in the Southern Chinese dialect, recently this question 'YOUMEIYOU(有沒有)+VP?' has also been widely used in Mandarin. In the academic world, it is reported that the appearance of 'YOUMEIYOU(有沒有)+VP?' was influenced by the Southern Chinese dialect. However, there are divergent opinions about the part of speech of 'YOU (有)', such as 'auxiliary verb' , 'adverb' , 'verb', and 'particle' etc,, and these are classifiable into two main theories-'auxiliary verb' theory and 'adverb' theory. In this paper, we considered the validity of these two theories in terms of syntactic, semantic, diachronous, and typological. The results are as follows.
First, based on the prototype category theory, we reclassified typical syntactic and untypical syntactic features of 'auxiliary verb' and 'adverb'. Through this, we considered the syntactic features of 'YOU(有)' are closer to the syntactic features of either of the two. As a result, It is reasonable to think that '有(YOU)' is an 'adverb' that has untypical syntactic features (It is 'adverb', but can constitute a positive-negative question, such as 'ZAIBUZAI(再不再)', 'CHANGBUCHANG(常不常)', 'CENGBUCENG(曾不曾)' and so on.).
Second, the semantic features of 'YOU(有)' in the question 'YOUMEIYOU(有沒 有)+VP?' indicates 'Aspect' meaning ('Perfect'), does not indicate the 'Modality' meaning represented by the general 'auxiliary verb'(ability, will, deontic, epistemic etc.). Unlike English, contemporary Mandarin does not have a separate form of 'auxiliary verb'(have, be) that represents 'Modality' and 'Aspect'. On the other hand, it is reasonable to consider 'You(有)' as an 'adverb', because 'adverb' has played a role of 'Aspect' meaning(Ceng(曾), Yi(已), Zai(在), Yao(要) etc.) from the pre-QIN(先 秦) dynasty before the appearance of 'Perfect particle' '了'.
Third, in the Chinese history and grammar academic world,the prevailing view is that 'MEIYOU(沒有)' which began to appear in front of VP in Ming(明) dynasty is regarded as a 'negative adverb'. Therefore, if 'MEIYOU(沒有)' in the question 'YOUMEIYOU(有沒有)+VP?' is regarded as a 'negative adverb', it is not reasonable to regard the remaining '有(YOU)' as an auxiliary verb. Also, there are some examples of 'You(有)' written as an 'adverb' in the pre-QIN(先秦) dynasty, so it is reasonable to regard '有(YOU)' as an 'adverb'.
Fourth, according to the study of the linguistic typological theory, the 'H-POSSESSIVE' verb was grammaticalized toward 'Perfect' marker in many languages around the world. However, after this grammaticalization the part of speech is not all 'auxiliary verb'. In some languages, they can be grammaticalized toward 'adverb'. Therefore, it is reasonable to regard '有(YOU)' as an 'adverb'.

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9現代漢語“吃+NP”句的“NP”題元角色分析

저자 : 황후남 ( Hwang Hoo Nam )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 80권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 199-217 (19 pages)

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The modern Chinese "吃 +NP" structure of "NP", in addition to the meaning of suffering, can also mean place, easy, tool and source. This paper attempts to answer the following two questions:
1) why can "NP" theta role(θ-role) of "吃 +NP" be diversified?
According to CAI weitian (2016) 's Cartographic Approach, Chinese light verbs can be divided into two categories: external light verbs (such as CAUSE, BECOME, DO) and operational AT the event level, while internal light verbs (such as WITH, USE, FOR, AT) appear to be related to comitativity AT the activity level. The structure of "吃 +NP" is in the lexical level, which has implicit light verbs, so the role of "NP" can be diversified.
2) why can't "NP" with its semantics of place, container, tool, and source be the object of "吃 +NP"?
According to the event participant theory written by c-t.j. Huang y. -h. Audrey Li · Yafei Li and translated by zhang heyou (2013:62), verbs are composed of light verbs indicating event types and root words indicating participants' information. Event participants can be divided into required participants and optional participants. The verb "吃" must be a participant in the information in addition to the patient, there are places, containers, tools, and sources.
The structure of "吃 +NP" is generated at the lexical level, and there are implicit light verbs at the lexical level, so the participants of the verb "吃" must be restricted. While "in NP" of "in +NP+ 吃" structure is located in the adverbial position inside, "NP" obtains participants' thematic role from the preposition, so it is not restricted by participants' information. The recessive light verb in the lexical level of "吃 + place" structure is AT; USE is the implicit light verb of "吃 + container" and "eat + tool". The implicit light verb in the lexical hierarchy of "吃+ source" structure is SORCE.
Some "NP" of the "吃 +NP" structure are not required participants in the "吃" event and generally have comparative semantics. In addition, the "吃 + place" structure of food is [+ type refers to]; 吃 + source the patient has nothing to do with the specific diet. The following table is summarized.

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10행복지수와 최적도시규모 : 중국의 도시 사례

저자 : 김상욱 ( Kim Sang Wook )

발행기관 : 한국외국어대학교 중국연구소 간행물 : 중국연구 80권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 221-237 (17 pages)

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This paper test the possibility of optimal urban scale in Chinese urban. The optimal urban scale could approach from many aspect. On the economic aspect, the agglomeration economies and urban productivity could approach the optimal urban scale. And we also can use the city effect that consider the social environment and physical environment. In the base of the previous research, this paper try to test the possibility of the optimal urban scale from the happiness aspect. This paper use the inverted U hypothesis of the relation between the happiness index and the urban scale. We use the urban GDP scale as the proxy variable of the urban scale, and the test period set from 2011 to 2016. Because China has the hukou system and the one child policy, the natural growth of the urban population receive the control. The urban economic scale, urban GDP, has more implication than the urban population. The happiness includes not only the economic income increasement, but also include the health, medical, life, environment, and sanitation. It can explain the quantity growth, also can explain the quality development. The result finds that the relation between urban economic scale and happiness index has the inverted U type. It means that we can consider the optimal urban scale from the happiness index aspect.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동심리학41회 피인용

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2미국의 비트코인 규제

(2006)홍길동41회 피인용

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해당 간행물 관심 구독기관

한국외국어대학교 국립외교원 연세대학교 서울대학교 고려대학교
 142
 72
 51
 48
 31
  • 1 한국외국어대학교 (142건)
  • 2 국립외교원 (72건)
  • 3 연세대학교 (51건)
  • 4 서울대학교 (48건)
  • 5 고려대학교 (31건)
  • 6 부산대학교 (26건)
  • 7 성균관대학교 (25건)
  • 8 한양대학교 (21건)
  • 9 인하대학교 (19건)
  • 10 홍익대학교 (19건)

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