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British and American Fiction

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1994)~27권1호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 584
근대영미소설
27권1호(2020년 04월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1하이브리드 탐정: 생각하는 기계, 셜록 홈즈

저자 : 박창숙 ( Chang-sook Pak )

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 5-26 (22 pages)

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This paper aims at studying the classic detective Sherlock Holmes as a unity of 'the two cultures', science and aesthetics, and further extending to consider man and machine. Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes is armed with scientific knowledge and keenly analytical power, and these factors led to him being regarded as 'a thinking machine'. However, his character is based on the empirical rationalism of Enlightenment and the aesthetic imagination of Romanticism, which are related to the origin of the detective novel. Holmes's ambivalence contains two seemingly conflicting elements, science and the arts. That provides a new point to reconsider thoughts that we have had about humanity and the relationship between human and machine(non-human). In the age of posthumanism, Sherlock Holmes can be a model as a hybrid, having balance between 'the two cultures' and the possibility to newly explore humanity.

KCI등재

2『모비딕』 주인공론의 비평사적 조망과 전망: 연결망 공간의 주인공

저자 : 조규형 ( Kyu-hyung Cho )

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 27-53 (27 pages)

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This study primarily examines the trend of discussion concerning the main characters in Herman Melville's Moby-Dick and explores the logic of criticism inherent in the controversy of setting up the protagonist. While its early reviewers were initially interested in Captain Ahab, the New Critics of the first half of the 20th century emphasized the role of Ishmael. New Historicists have a much reserved appreciation for both characters, and recent notable criticisms focus on the network connecting the two characters and Moby Dick, the white whale. Accordingly, literary study is now facing the question of whether such a relational network can be appointed as a valid protagonist. Among the varied main characters in Moby-Dick, Ahab grasps the logic of natural and socio-cultural networks, and in its accord sets his own passion and mission to persist with them. Even in the intensely networked space, literary potentiality embeds human hopes and desires as well as external realities. In this sense, the literary protagonist, an essential issue of literary studies, acts as a measure of human concerns and engagements in the post-human networked space.

KCI등재

3The Incongruence of the Individual and Society as the Provenance of Mental Degeneration in Norris's McTeague

저자 : Hyeng Kun Kim

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 55-76 (22 pages)

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This paper analyzes the naturalist imagination of human nature evinced in Frank Norris's McTeague: A Story of San Francisco (1899), which traces man's dark instincts to the combination of individual, social, and universal factors. Norris processes the predominating scientific discourses on human nature in the nineteenth century into a more complex form of human saga, portraying the steps by which the societal advancement distorts an individual's fundamental desire for affection and power, which in turn interacts with their inherited or acquired attributes. This chemistry is crystallized in the depiction of the novel's titular protagonist, whose innately primitive, literal, and coarse-grained bent is continuously put at cross-purposes with the regulations of a civilized society that revolves around Lacanian signifiers. This incongruence between the society and the individual eventuates in the man's insanity and degeneration until he is literally pushed to his demise in the midst of the savage desert he hails from. With all due acknowledgement of the evident racist and sexist undercurrents pulsating through the narrative, Norris's naturalist imagination does have the potential to be revisited today as one of the rare novels that strives for a multi-dimensional explication of insanity and degeneration, the cloven hoof of human nature that has to this day been either disregarded or sensationalized as grotesqueries for frissons in the canon of English literature.

KCI등재

4The Landscape of Memories and Sympathy in George Eliot's Country Novels

저자 : Young-hyeon Ryu

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 77-101 (25 pages)

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This essay examines George Eliot's perspective towards the past in her country novels and its ideological features. Problematizing George Eliot's nostalgic standpoint, my research argues that the writer's perspective works together with selected memories and sympathy for what she calls the “common people” in particular. As stereotyping is inevitable to some degree in the author's shaping of a literary landscape, this study investigates how it is deeply related to the writer's idealistic re-evaluation of rural England. Against the decline of the peasantry in England in the early nineteenth-century, George Eliot's appeals to collective memories projected into the rural past evoke the notion of British nationalism in the end. Although the illusion of nostalgia is foregrounded as a landscape in her novels, such as Adam Bede and Silas Marner, the politics of memory works within their settings. This means that the signification of memories and even sympathy becomes exclusive due to their selectiveness. Therefore, this research also criticizes the limitation of the “we” that George Eliot imagines specifically when its mechanism is concentrated on building the identity of British nationalism. In spite of George Eliot's emphasis on “our” attention to the life of the “vulgar citizen,” there appear to be other neglected or insignificantly treated “people,” like the gypsies in The Mill on the Floss, who are missing from the link created by the word “tie” that George Eliot promotes in her country fictions.

KCI등재

5“The Ghost of a Fact”: The Crisis of Fictionality in Lord Jim

저자 : Haram Lee

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 103-130 (28 pages)

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This paper examines a meta-critique of imperialism in Joseph Conrad's Lord Jim by analyzing the relationship between fictionality, displacement, and trauma in the novel. As critics have noted, Lord Jim appropriates racialized stereotypes of Westerners and the Other. Yet the novel not only represents colonialist ideals or narrative forms, but also registers their fictionality. Conrad's novel depicts such virtues as truthfulness, honor, courage, and strength that are commonly attributed to white sailors in eastern ports like Jim. In doing so, Conrad registers the ways in which the ideals of virtuous Westerners amount to fictions in the sense that modern literary historians understand them: they are narratives that gain validity solely by virtue of their credibility. Moreover, the fictions of Western superiority, Conrad suggests, have ambivalent effects on imperialist rule. If these narratives serve to justify and maintain Western hegemony around the globe, they also threaten it by generating anxiety and trauma due to their fictionality. The Patna accident and Jim's romance instantiate the perils of imperialist fictions, for both provoke a traumatic experience of self-loss and self-doubt for all those who believe in white people's virtue and honor. By examining Conrad's critical engagement with fictionality, I propose in the conclusion to read Lord Jim as a naturalist novel that exemplifies compulsion to narrate.

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6The Pseudonym-Effect of “George Eliot”

저자 : Daun Jung

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 27권 1호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 131-147 (17 pages)

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This essay examines the pseudonym-effect of “George Eliot” at the publication of Adam Bede. “George Eliot” sparked much controversy for the authorship of Adam Bede due to its unknown status. As contemporary reviewers realized the high quality of realism manifest in the novel, they became more curious about this unknown “George Eliot” who created it. Although George Eliot was recognized for her androgynous writing in Adam Bede, her existence was destabilized into many different forms during its secrecy. In other words, “George Eliot” in its early stage of fictive life suffered an extreme degree of fragmentation and celebration at the same time with the launch of the author's first full-length realist novel. Thus, George Eliot's pseudonymity produced diametrically opposing authorial selves of a genius and a bogus. Such displacement of “George Eliot” formed a stark contrast with Adam Bede often touted as a representative Victorian realist work.

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