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British and American Fiction

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수록정보
수록범위 : 1권0호(1994)~27권3호(2020) |수록논문 수 : 599
근대영미소설
27권3호(2020년 12월) 수록논문
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1기획 상품으로서의 소설: 헨리 콜번의 실버포크 소설 마케팅

저자 : 계정민 ( Joengmeen Gye )

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 5-21 (17 pages)

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This paper examines how Henry Colburn, through his marketing and advertising, contributed greatly to the rise of the Silver Fork novels. Silver Fork fiction emerged as a mixture of sociopolitical criticism and itemized accounts of aristocratic life. Colburn found that such detailed information about the aristocracy in Silver Fork texts was extremely appealing to middle class readers. Minimizing or erasing the messages about sociopolitical reform in the texts, he transfigured Silver Fork fiction into a manual for the emulation of the aristocracy by the middle class. This paper aims to open a new perspective on Colburn. He has been regarded as a disturber of the literary ecosystem by devaluing literary works and turning them into commodities. This paper argues that Colburn could be repositioned as a forerunner of the cultural industry who transformed novels into planned products.

KCI등재

2『레베카』에 나타난 라캉적 여성성과 양가적 여성적 구조로서의 가장(무도회)

저자 : 김일영 ( Il-yeong Kim )

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 23-54 (32 pages)

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Main criticisms of Rebecca have regarded the novel as its narrator's bildungsroman or a romance in which its protagonist achieves a symbolical triumph over Rebecca, Maxim's wicked former wife. The novel, however, is about Rebecca as well as the anonymous narrator, who embodies Lacanian femininity. To have identity, according to Lacan, one should enter the symbolic which disallows parts of one's desires. In entering the symbolic, a man entirely submits to the symbolic, but a woman resists entire subjugation, pursing some desires forbidden by the symbolic. Rebecca marries Maxim de Winter to be a symbolic subject as de Winter. But, not wholly satisfied with the phallic jouissance, Rebecca pursues Other jouissance, thus revealing Lacanian femininity characterized by its ambivalent feminine structure. The anonymous narrator also realizes Lacanian femininity. She marries Maxim de Winter to have a name/identity as de Winter, and tries to conceal Maxim's murder to protect her name as de Winter. The narrator, however, also has the unconscious desire for Other jouissance, as suggested by her unconscious identification with Rebecca. The Lacanian femininity manifests itself as masquerade, which annually takes place in Manderley. While Rebecca, in the masquerade, reveals the femininity as the masquerade by masquerading herself as Caroline de Winter, the narrator realizes Lacanian femininity by unconsciously transforming herself into Rebecca.

KCI등재

3섭정 시대로의 시간 여행: 대중문화의 『오만과 편견』 각색과 <오스틴에 빠져 있는>

저자 : 박하정 ( Hajeong Park )

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 55-75 (21 pages)

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This essay examines popular culture's rewriting of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice by drawing attention to the modern reader's time travel in the 2008 ITV miniseries Lost in Austen. Lost in Austen features an Austen devotee, Amanda Price, who is dissatisfied with her work and love life and habitually escapes into the genteel world of Regency England by re-reading her favorite novel Pride and Prejudice. While Elizabeth Bennet, Austen's heroine, first visits Amanda's London flat, Amanda's aspirations for the ideal Regency world are the “key” that opens the magical door to Regency Longbourn. The drama series shows how an Austen reader becomes an author rewriting Austen's novel when she enters into the world of Pride and Prejudice and engages with the metafictive situation of living with Austen's characters. If characters in person show their reality, telling stories slightly different from those described in the novel, Amanda's presence alters the reality of the original story. The all-knowing reader eventually fails when she is rigid about the original text and insists on moving along to the “authoritative” plot. In the end, Amanda learns to regard those characters as real people with a life and accept changes to their stories. Exploring the relationships between the original and reinventing and between the past and the present, Lost in Austen ultimately offers a new insight for the future project of Austen rewriting.

KCI등재

4『모비딕』에 나타난 에이허브의 '카리스마적' 리더십은 진정 카리스마적인가?

저자 : 이광진 ( Kwangjin Lee )

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 77-106 (30 pages)

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This essay attempts to find an answer to the question, “What factor(s) lead(s) the sailors of the Pequod to follow their captain when he wants to pursue and kill Moby Dick, the most destructive sperm whale, even to the total destruction of their ship and the crew themselves?” Based on the discussions among the scholars who assert that Ahab is a charismatic leader, it presents a hypothesis that it is Ahab's charismatic leadership that converts the sailors into his loyal followers, and keeps them as such to the end of the story. In order to test the hypothesis, it uses a theory by Boas Shamir, Robert J. House, and Michael B. Arthur, one of the most prominent and established theories of Charismatic Leadership. This paper focuses particularly on the five processes of the theory, which present the specific ways a charismatic leader leads followers to identify themselves with the leader and the goal(s) presented by the leader. Using the first two of the five processes, “Increasing the intrinsic valence of effort” and “Increasing effort-accomplishment expectancies,” it tests the hypothesis in order to check whether Ahab's leadership can be classified as charismatic. The first process is applied in far greater detail than the second one because, as the “first” part, it plays a key role in the development of the rest of the processes. The result is that in both processes Ahab shows few clues to judge him as a charismatic leader. This means that it may not be charisma that leads the sailors to follow their leader even to death, and instead that we need to find other factors more persuasive than charisma.

KCI등재

5지속의 시간과 비판 정신: 『나의 안토니아』와 『미국의 아들』에 나타난 시간과 저항

저자 : 이준영 ( Jun Young Lee )

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 107-134 (28 pages)

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This essay focuses on the concept of time represented in Willa Cather's My Antonia and Richard Wright's Native Son in order to address the ways in which we perceive and represent time in these novels envisage the main theme of the two novels: the resistance against social discrimination on the grounds of race, gender, and ethnicity. As a member of a newly-arrived immigrant family, Antonia Shimerda struggles to establish her home in the new but barren territory of the American Midwest, fighting against the anti-immigrant prejudice of American Society. Likewise, Bigger Thomas also tries to overcome the racial discrimination of 1930s American society and to find out the meaning of his tragic and depressed life. In their resistance against the prejudice and discrimination of early twentieth-century American society, the perception of time works as a key role since both Antonia and Bigger use their memories and reminiscences as productive means of their resistance. Therefore, this essay discusses the creative power of memory and reminiscence from the overall perspective of Henri Bergson's duration of time. At first, this research discusses the usage of the creative power of time by Antonia and Bigger in the novel in terms of Georg Lukács's “power of time.” Next, this study analyzes the resemblance between Deleuze's idea of “time-image” and the images of time described in My Antonia and Native Son. Finally, this essay reviews the idea of time in those novels in light of Bergson's idea of time as duration, relying on his discussion of time, matter, and image. This essay concludes that both Antonia and Bigger have recourse to the power of memory and reminiscences, empowered by the duration of time, for their resistance to social discrimination on the basis of gender, race, and ethnicity.

KCI등재

6A Study of Lady Viviette Constantine's Tragedy in Thomas Hardy's Two on a Tower

저자 : Donguk Kim

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 135-151 (17 pages)

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Generally, it is argued that in Two on a Tower, scientific Swithin St. Cleve is responsible for emotional Lady Viviette Constantine's tragic life. Yet it would be unfair to confine our critical scrutiny only to Swithin's actions taken to produce such an outcome. Of greater note is the role played by Victorian ethics of virtue or the character of Viviette's actions and the motivation behind undertaking them. This paper tries to illuminate the intricacy of Viviette's inner consciousness in flux where her rational power clashes with natural feelings or instincts. What comes into focus here is her complex psychology that manifests itself in the attempt to accept and reject the grip of entrenched customs and parochialism in moral reasoning. Then it is underlined that Viviette's change of mind or act of (re-)correction makes a compelling structural pattern of repetition together with the correcting acts of other major characters, thence intensifying Viviette's tragic predicament. In conclusion, it is stressed that the psychological features of Two on a Tower are the successful outcome of Hardy's artistic craftsmanship in creatively using traditional binary terms, such as emotion/science and feeling/reason.

KCI등재

7Jane Austen's Emma and the Interactive Aesthetics of English Humor in the Eighteenth Century

저자 : Soonbae Kim

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 153-170 (18 pages)

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This study is a theoretical and critical explication of the possible connection between Jane Austen's humor and the tradition of “good-natured” humor and the related theories circulated through the long eighteenth century. It examines the concept of “humour” in Austen's Emma with a synchronous perspective on philosophical, cultural and moral implications of humor theory, with reference to the theoretical views of eighteenth century essayists such as Joseph Addison and Francis Hutcheson. They distinguish between upper-class witticism, which is elitist and exclusive, and middle class humor, which is democratic and does not engage in derision of the subject. Hutcheson's idea in particular leads us to the relational scope of humor as he develops the epistemological and aesthetic implications of the subject. This Irishman ascribes humor not merely to a moral sense, but also to a creative and interactive quality of human virtue. I then examine how Jane Austen harnessed and explored her contemporary norms and views on humor through her use of peculiar characterization in what is perhaps her wittiest work - Emma. In so doing, I argue that the benevolent humor in the Austen's text, which is prominently illustrated through the character of Mr. Knightley, is directed toward promoting amiable and even aesthetic relations within society regardless of its imperfections and ironical disparities.

KCI등재

8Collateral Damage in the Making of the US Empire in Graham Greene's The Quiet American

저자 : Chang-hee Kim

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 171-197 (27 pages)

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This paper presents a case study through a textual analysis of Graham Greene's novel, The Quiet American, to investigate the late US capitalism and expansionism which have relied on its strong military, political, and economic power since the mid-twentieth century. First published in England in 1955, this novel was commercially successful, and over the years has achieved the status of a classic novel, with film adaptations in both 1958 and 2002. However, American readers were incensed upon its 1956 publication in the US, due to the novel's negative portrayal of Americans as being naively idealistic and recklessly destructive. It is true, however, that this novel reveals how, since the dawn of the Cold War, US interventionism and exceptionalism have constantly been the transnational strategy to achieve Pax Americana, under the pretense of bringing democracy to dictatorships, eliminating terrorism, and liberating the oppressed in the Third World. Specifically, this paper examines this rather “biased,” yet simultaneously genuine novel regarding how US intervention in Vietnam from the 1950s through the 1970s played a role in embodying the US empire “the way we know it,” an heir to old European empires in the age of global capitalism. Ultimately, this paper shows the extent to which the US political agenda of the Cold War driven by American exceptionalism played out, creating an American empire distinct from its European counterparts.

KCI등재

9Visual Gendering of Christiana: Part Two of John Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress

저자 : Hae Jin Yang

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 199-219 (21 pages)

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This essay attempts for a comparative analysis of the two distinct title pages of John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress. With a focus on the physical layout of the title pages, I aim to demonstrate how individual visual dimensions of the 1684 first edition of Part Two correspond to and complicate the content of the narrative, which fashions a very specific female 'protagonist.' My analysis of the materiality of Part Two of John Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress instills vitality in the feminist scholarship that surrounds this seventeenth-century text. To that end, my investigation focuses particularly on the ways in which the paratext is constructed. The title-page, frontispiece, and the illustrations found in the text demonstrate altogether how vital these aspects are not only for fully understanding the gendered narrative that is created by Bunyan, but also for emphasizing the importance of such an angle of analysis.

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10The Political Economy of Dead Children: Fiction and Female Productivity in Harriet Martineau's Garveloch Tales

저자 : Seohyon Jung

발행기관 : 한국근대영미소설학회 간행물 : 근대영미소설 27권 3호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 221-247 (27 pages)

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This essay examines Harriet Martineau's Garveloch Tales in Illustrations of Political Economy as an experimental form of Victorian writing that reflects the contested formulation of domestic norms amidst rapid capitalist development. I focus on the curious juxtaposition of sentimental tales and economic principles in Illustrations to contend that the tensions generated through such formal and thematic contradictions illuminate Martineau's perennial investment in redefining female productivity. The Garveloch Tales strategically conjoin the emerging idea of capitalist productivity and the cultural norms of motherhood, while their historical incompatibility manifests through her fictional creations. The seemingly detached political economy of dead children in Martineau's fiction thus complicates Malthusian economic principles rather than simply endorsing them. By scrutinizing the gendered socio-intellectual context that prompts her creative uses of genre, this study also aims to further our understanding of the genealogy of Victorian fiction and its fundamental affinity with the development of the capitalist economy.

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1연안해역에서 석유오염물질의 세균학적 분해에 관한 연구

(2006)홍길동 외 1명심리학41회 피인용

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