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한국관광학회> 관광학연구> 관광 현상에 대한 이론 개발 고찰

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관광 현상에 대한 이론 개발 고찰

Research Articles : A Study on Theory-building for Tourism Phenomenon

윤혜진 ( Hye Jin Yoon ) , 김철원 ( Chul Won Kim )
  • : 한국관광학회
  • : 관광학연구 37권10호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2013년 12월
  • : 11-32(22pages)
피인용수 : 47건

(자료제공: 네이버학술정보)

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The ultimate goal of science is theory. Tourism research still lacks a conceptualization scheme, theoretical framework, and a cumulative knowledge. One of the reasons is that many tourism researchers have been preoccupied with the short-term goal of finding specific relations from accepting or rejecting a hypothesis to track and record a staggering expansion of the tourism industry. Thus, there is a need to guide an outline on the systematic process of theorybuilding in tourism studies. In this context, this paper provides the insight and conceptual framework for the building and understanding of tourism theory that will lead the tourism science into a discipline, not a field of study or a special form of leisure. In particular, the study discusses an emergent paradigm shift from tourism studies and researchers and identifies a virtue of good theory and scientific theory-building process. This conceptual paper could help researchers gain insights in terms of theory-building and its necessity with a sense of responsibility as a tourism researcher. The study makes a conceptual and theoretical contribution to expanding scientific domain of tourism knowledge.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2014-300-001593102

간행물정보

  • : 사회과학분야  > 관광학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 격월
  • : 1226-0533
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1977-2019
  • : 2825


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1편집인(編輯人)의 글 : 제21대 편집위원장직을 마치며

저자 : 김철원

발행기관 : 한국관광학회 간행물 : 관광학연구 37권 10호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 5-6 (2 pages)

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2관광 현상에 대한 이론 개발 고찰

저자 : 윤혜진 ( Hye Jin Yoon ) , 김철원 ( Chul Won Kim )

발행기관 : 한국관광학회 간행물 : 관광학연구 37권 10호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 11-32 (22 pages)

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The ultimate goal of science is theory. Tourism research still lacks a conceptualization scheme, theoretical framework, and a cumulative knowledge. One of the reasons is that many tourism researchers have been preoccupied with the short-term goal of finding specific relations from accepting or rejecting a hypothesis to track and record a staggering expansion of the tourism industry. Thus, there is a need to guide an outline on the systematic process of theorybuilding in tourism studies. In this context, this paper provides the insight and conceptual framework for the building and understanding of tourism theory that will lead the tourism science into a discipline, not a field of study or a special form of leisure. In particular, the study discusses an emergent paradigm shift from tourism studies and researchers and identifies a virtue of good theory and scientific theory-building process. This conceptual paper could help researchers gain insights in terms of theory-building and its necessity with a sense of responsibility as a tourism researcher. The study makes a conceptual and theoretical contribution to expanding scientific domain of tourism knowledge.

3해외여행경험이 많은 사람들의 여행 동기 연구 -포커스 그룹 인터뷰 방법을 이용하여-

저자 : 김동연 ( Dong Yeon Kim ) , 윤지환 ( Ji Hwan Yoon )

발행기관 : 한국관광학회 간행물 : 관광학연구 37권 10호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 33-52 (20 pages)

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In this research, travel motivations of heavy overseas travelers were studied with Focus Group Interview(FGI). Heavy overseas travelers who were recent 12 months overseas travel-experienced and travel overseas at least 2-3 times per year single and married men and women were selected for 3 focus group interviews. The following results were obtained : 1) heavy overseas traveler`s seven motivations were drawn as relax, experience · fun, self-development · self-actualization, relationship · communication, escape, nostelgia and addiction. Specifically, the proposed motivation in this study, ``addiction`` can be explained as similar meaning or developed one with motivation from precedent study ``Like traveling itself``, and it means travel is settled as a habit that heavy travelers can not take away in their lives because they are addicted to it. 2) The drawn motivation elements were not applied to TCL (Travel Career Ladder) theory but some results could be applied to TCP (Travel Career Pattern). Implications for tourism marketers and researchers were discussed. The study has limitation in terms of a study need to consider more variables for travel motivations.

4창조경제와 창조관광, 그리고 정책화에 대한 고찰

저자 : 심원섭 ( Won Seop Shim ) , 김자영 ( Ja Yeong Kim )

발행기관 : 한국관광학회 간행물 : 관광학연구 37권 10호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 53-76 (24 pages)

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This study focused on the tourism policy making as a creative tourism. For the study, theoretical reviews on creative economy, creative industry, the index of creativity, the component of creative economy, and creative tourism were applied. Based upon the previous researches this study conceptualized the creative tourism and proposed an creative tourism framework which was composed of 5P: creative tourism person, creative tourism participation, creative tourism product, creative tourism process, creative press. The previous tourism policy were examined by 5P framework and it suggests the tourism policy direction and tasks for creative industrialization of tourism. In conclusion, this study is proposed that the tourism policy should be concerned with training the creative tourism talents and human resource, expanding creative tourism participation, developing the creative tourism products, establishing creative policy system, cooperating on a creative tourism policy, and making creative tourism environment. The study, however, should adopt more in-depth analytical approach for providing more practical implications as well as academic contributions.

5도시 관광콘텐츠 구성요인 개발에 관한 연구 -잘트만 은유유도기법(ZMET) 이용-

저자 : 김형준 ( Hyeong Joon Kim ) , 김철원 ( Chul Won Kim )

발행기관 : 한국관광학회 간행물 : 관광학연구 37권 10호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 77-96 (20 pages)

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The study is to develop Construct Factors of Urban Tourism Contents (CFUTC). In order to achieve this purpose, the study adopted qualitative research. Specifically, literature review regarding Zaltman Metaphor Elicitation Technique (ZMET), and Spradley`s analysis method have been done. Through analysis process, 79 concepts were drawn from 293 examples related to Urban Tourism Contents. In result, 15 subordinate factors were drawn from 79 concepts. And finally, 4 superordinate factors were drawn from 15 subordinate factors. Urban Tourism Contents` 4 superordinate factors are "Tourist Attractions Contents", " Cultural Image Contents", "Tourism Experience Contents", and "Brand Story Contents". This study concluded that CFUTC could make a great contribution to the revitalization of urban tourism. CFUTC from this study are very useful and practical for making tourism policies and marketing strategies and are highly related to making cities more attractive, which can result in more incoming tourists. The study, however, has limitation in terms of generalizability and transferability.

6글로컬리즘을 향한 지역축제의 운영방안에 관한 질적 연구 -아비뇽 페스티벌을 중심으로-

저자 : 정지은 ( Ji Eun Jung ) , 이석규 ( Suke Kyu Lee ) , 정지영 ( Ji Young Jung )

발행기관 : 한국관광학회 간행물 : 관광학연구 37권 10호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 97-117 (21 pages)

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This qualitative research addresses the management plans for local festival toward glocalism by analyzing the well-known Avignon festival. To suggest the more effective ways of improving the local festivals in Korea, we did some in-depth interviews with festival experts regarding the following 4 aspects of festival: 'festival management', 'festival examples', 'festival theory(culture theory)', and 'festival consulting'. After that interviews, the five factors are found for effective management plans from the Avignon festival case analysis. In-depth interview that Hatch(2002) suggested and a qualitative study of Seidman(2006) are used for analysing research. The factors are: historicity (regionality) or placeness/ cultural character/ friendliness/ operability/ economic feasibility. This study proposes the importance of the “glocalism” for the success of any local festival toward globalization. In addition, the results of this study will provide festival managers another theoretical evidence through the factor analysis of Avignon festival which leads local glocalism. The lessons from the Avignon festival analysis can be helpful at the site as measures for developing and succeeding lots of local festivals in Korea.

7사이버공간에서 관광의 의미 -사이버관광은 관광산업의 기회인가 위협인가?-

저자 : 김지선 ( Ji Sun Kim )

발행기관 : 한국관광학회 간행물 : 관광학연구 37권 10호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 119-136 (18 pages)

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The study is to explore the meaning of the tourism in cyber space, in particular, with the questions of “Is this cyber tourism a change or threat for the future tourism industry?” The major concerns that inhibit travellers to travel are due to time availability, cost, personal and political reasons. Cyber tourism will allow participants to travel to different places via new technologies for free of the usual restrictions of time, distance, cost and human frailty. Cyber tourism is a new type of tourism experience that entails the use of new technologies to achieve a convenient tourism experience. Is this cyber tourism a chance or threat for the future tourism industry? This study attempted to identify cyber tourism compared with physical tourism and to suggest potential possibility for future tourism industry to practice the cyber tourism appropriately. Tourism marketer should determine the range and scope of cyber tourism and consider not to diminish real tourism market. The success of cyber tourism will depend on how to attract cyber tourist into their destination.

8관광분야에서 GIS의 이론적 배경과 국내외 연구동향

저자 : 김진원 ( Jin Won Kim ) , 윤병국 ( Byeong Kug Yoon )

발행기관 : 한국관광학회 간행물 : 관광학연구 37권 10호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 137-162 (26 pages)

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GIS (Geographic Information System) is becoming an essential spatial decision support system to solve complex spatial problems in tourism. In that regard, identifying core concepts and research trend of GIS in tourism is prerequisite for successful tourism applications. The purpose of this research is to theoretically conceptualize a variety of definitions and capabilities of GIS in tourism and to analyze domestic and international research trends of GIS in tourism. Literature review and content analysis for selected 137 were conducted to complete the research purposes. Research indicated that there were significant difference between international and domestic research trends of GIS in tourism. Specifically, while a variety of research topics and subjects of GIS were conducted in overseas tourism research, only limited research topics and subjects of GIS were conducted in domestic tourism research. Implications and suggestions to future tourism GIS studies in Korea are suggested.

9한국대학생들의 여가특성 -여가인식과 여가강박을 중심으로-

저자 : 박진경 ( Jin Kyung Park )

발행기관 : 한국관광학회 간행물 : 관광학연구 37권 10호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 163-182 (20 pages)

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The purpose of this study is to explore the leisure characteristic of university students in Korea in terms of leisure cognition and leisure obsession. And the other purpose of this study is to confirm the applicability of post-labor centered leisure. Data were collected from 189 students of K university, which is located in Kyunggi province. The finding indicated that most students` leisure focused on physical activities. Also students prefer leisure activities for social network. The most important thing revealed in this study is that many students spend their leisure time to prepare for employment. Also they have obsessions of 'meaning seeking of leisure activities', 'social relationship of leisure', 'social comparative of leisure' and 'cost of leisure.' And they recognised of negative effects of leisure like exhaustion after leisure and physical tired. The result of this study is to confirm that post-labor centered leisure is not easy to applicable in Korea society. The study, however, has several limitations in terms of expanding contextual meaning of leisure.

10의료관광객의 심리적 거리 지각에 관한 탐색적 연구 -일본과 중국 의료관광객을 중심으로-

저자 : 유숙희 ( Sook Hee Yu ) , 권유홍 ( Yoo Hong Kwon )

발행기관 : 한국관광학회 간행물 : 관광학연구 37권 10호 발행 연도 : 2013 페이지 : pp. 183-203 (21 pages)

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The purpose of the study was to explore the perception of psychic distance of medical tourists towards medical tourism destinations. With this aim, focus group interviews were conducted with Japanese and Chinese medical tourists who experienced medical care in Korea. All interviews were recorded and transcribed, and data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Four themes emerged from the analysis: cultural differences, positive feelings about a host country, evaluation of the level of medical treatment, and geographical proximity to the medical tourism destination. Medical tourists perceive the lower psychic distance when they feel less cultural differences between home and a host country, when they have more positive feelings about a host country, when they trust the medical systems of a host country, and a host country is closer geographically to their home. The results of the study demonstrate that psychic distance is subjective and comparative feelings towards a destination; at the same time, each construal level can vary as psychic distance changes.

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