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한국지역사회간호학회> 지역사회간호학회지> 긍정심리기반 성격강점 통합활동 프로그램이 농촌 독거노인의 우울, 활력, 생활만족도에 미치는 효과

KCI등재SCOUPUS

긍정심리기반 성격강점 통합활동 프로그램이 농촌 독거노인의 우울, 활력, 생활만족도에 미치는 효과

Effectiveness of a Positive Psychology-based and Character Strengths-integrated Activity Program on Depression, Vitality, Life Satisfaction in Elderly Living Alone in Rural Areas

한상미 ( Han Sang Mi ) , 하영미 ( Ha Yeongmi )
  • : 한국지역사회간호학회
  • : 지역사회간호학회지 27권4호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2016년 12월
  • : 299-308(10pages)

DOI


목차

서 론
연 구 방 법
연 구 결 과
논 의
결 론 및 제 언
REFERENCES

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a positive psychology-based and character strengths-integrated activity program for elders living alone in rural areas, and then to examine the effectiveness of the program. Methods: A quasi-experimental pre- and post-test design with a nonequivalent control group was used. The participants included 59 elders in total, of whom 30 were assigned to the experimental group and 29 to the control group. positive psychology-based and character strengths-integrated activity program for elders consists of sixty-minute sessions held twice per week during 6 weeks, hence 12 sessions in total. Results: There were significant differences between the experimental and control groups in depression, vitality and life satisfaction (all p<.001). Conclusion: The positive psychology-based and character strengths-integrated activity program for elders living alone in rural areas is effective in that it decreased the degree of depression and increased the vitality and life satisfaction in the participants.

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2018-500-000493518

간행물정보

  • : 의약학분야  > 간호학
  • : KCI등재
  • : SCOPUS
  • : 계간
  • : 1225-9594
  • : 2288-4203
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 1989-2020
  • : 1579


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1긍정심리기반 성격강점 통합활동 프로그램이 농촌 독거노인의 우울, 활력, 생활만족도에 미치는 효과

저자 : 한상미 ( Han Sang Mi ) , 하영미 ( Ha Yeongmi )

발행기관 : 한국지역사회간호학회 간행물 : 지역사회간호학회지 27권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 299-308 (10 pages)

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초록보기

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a positive psychology-based and character strengths-integrated activity program for elders living alone in rural areas, and then to examine the effectiveness of the program. Methods: A quasi-experimental pre- and post-test design with a nonequivalent control group was used. The participants included 59 elders in total, of whom 30 were assigned to the experimental group and 29 to the control group. positive psychology-based and character strengths-integrated activity program for elders consists of sixty-minute sessions held twice per week during 6 weeks, hence 12 sessions in total. Results: There were significant differences between the experimental and control groups in depression, vitality and life satisfaction (all p<.001). Conclusion: The positive psychology-based and character strengths-integrated activity program for elders living alone in rural areas is effective in that it decreased the degree of depression and increased the vitality and life satisfaction in the participants.

2요양병원 간호사의 인간중심돌봄과 간호서비스 질

저자 : 사공혜 ( Sagong Hae ) , 이가언 ( Lee Ga Eon )

발행기관 : 한국지역사회간호학회 간행물 : 지역사회간호학회지 27권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 309-318 (10 pages)

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Purpose: This study investigated the correlation between person-centered care (PCC) and nursing service quality of nurses in long-term care hospitals. Methods: The subjects were 114 nurses working in 8 long-term care hospitals. Instruments for evaluating PCC and nursing service quality were used. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, two samples-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson`s correlation and Multiple regression. Results: The mean of PCC was 3.25±0.45 out of 5 and the nursing service quality was 3.87±0.40. There were significant differences in PCC in terms of age and income satisfaction, the application of their opinions, the satisfaction of hospital managers, administrators and nurse managers. There were significant differences in nursing service quality according to age, position, the satisfaction of hospital managers, administrators and nurse managers. Nurses` PCC showed a significant positive correlation with nursing service quality. Factors influencing nursing service quality included PCC, their position and age and the most influencing one was PCC. Conclusion: This study suggests that the PCC is the strongest affecting element to the quality of nursing service in long-term care hospitals. Therefore, the strategies to improve the practice of person-centered care should be carried out to enhance the quality of nursing service.

3일개시 독거노인의 건강관리 프로그램 참여의도 영향요인

저자 : 송미숙 ( Song Mi Sook ) , 부선주 ( Boo Sunjoo )

발행기관 : 한국지역사회간호학회 간행물 : 지역사회간호학회지 27권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 319-326 (8 pages)

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Purpose: The aim of this study is to identify factors affecting elders` intention to participate in healthcare programs. Methods: This secondary data analysis used data of 390 elderly people who lived alone and were enrolled in the Visiting Health Care Center of H-city. In 2014, questionnaires were used to collect data about demographics, social activity, depression, frailty, and intention to participate in healthcare programs. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regressions. Results: Among the participants, 51.8% intended to participate in the offered healthcare programs. The strongest factor affecting the intention was gender. Women were 4.85 times more likely to participate in the programs than men. The women`s intention was associated positively with increased levels of frailty. The men tended to participate in the program as they got older and as the level of frailty and the number of chronic diseases increased. Conclusion: Gender-specific public healthcare programs for vulnerable elders living alone should be developed to maximize their participation in the programs and to promote good health. The healthcare programs must be tailored to the levels of the patients` physical functions.

4일 권역응급의료센터를 방문하는 요양병원 환자들의 특성 및 사망 위험요인

저자 : 김경완 ( Kim Kyoung Wan ) , 장숙랑 ( Jang Soongnang )

발행기관 : 한국지역사회간호학회 간행물 : 지역사회간호학회지 27권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 327-336 (10 pages)

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Purpose: This study was to examine the clinical characteristics and mortality risk factors of geriatric hospital patients who visited one region-wide emergency department (ED). It`s basically meant to develop criteria for the patient management of geriatric hospitals and to provide related information. Methods: A retrospective research study was implemented using electronic medical records. The subjects in this study included 484 geriatric hospital patients who were selected from among 15,994 patients that visited one region-wide ED between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2015. Results: There were significant differences in death, a change for the better and no change for the better, which were results of treatment, according to the length of stay in hospital, hospitalization in a general ward, not having an operation or surgery, the presence or absence of malignant neoplasm, the insertion of foley catheter, intubation, ventilator and the insertion of central venous catheter. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that a patient management system is necessary in geriatric hospitals and that competent healthcare workers who can properly respond to emergencies are required as well.

5다수준 분석을 이용한 청소년의 학교 내 손상 관련 요인

저자 : 유정옥 ( Yu Jung-ok ) , 김묘성 ( Kim Myo-sung )

발행기관 : 한국지역사회간호학회 간행물 : 지역사회간호학회지 27권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 337-345 (9 pages)

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Purpose: This study aims at identifying individual- and school-level factors associated with unintentional injuries to Korean adolescents at school by applying multilevel modeling. Methods: From the database of the eleventh Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBS), the researchers selected 68,043 adolescents from the 7th to the 12th grades. Data were analyzed using x2 test for prevalence and multilevel modeling for related factors of unintentional injuries at school. Results: About 22.9 percent of the adolescents had treatment experiences for unintentional injuries at school in the past 12 months. At the individual level, the significant factors associated with unintentional injuries at school included gender, grade, academic achievement, current smoking, alcohol consumption, frequency of high caffeine intake, depression, and relief of fatigue after sleep. At the group level, the significant factors included number of physical education per week and safety education. Conclusion: School based injury prevention programs should be sensitive to both individual- and school-level factors associated with unintentional injury at school among Korean adolescents.

6Prevalence and Related Factors of Clonorchiasis among Five Major Riverside Residents in South Korea

저자 : Kim Chunmi , June Kyung Ja , Cho Shin Hyeong , Park Kyung Soon , Lee Hung Sa , Park Ji Yeon

발행기관 : 한국지역사회간호학회 간행물 : 지역사회간호학회지 27권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 346-357 (12 pages)

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Purpose: This study attempted to investigate the prevalence and related factors of Clonorchiasis among five major riverside residents in South Korea. Methods: This study is descriptive research, nationwide survey, and the subjects are 23,492 residents selected by convenience sampling. Data collection was conducted between March 1 and June 30, 2011, and stool collection and questionnaire survey were conducted by affiliated public health centers in 38 cities and Gun`s. Results: The prevalence rates of Clonorchiasis in the five major riversides were as follows: the Guem River 15.2%; the Nakdong River 11.9%; the Seomjin River 10.9%; the Han River 5.7%; and the Yeongsan River 3.9%. The prevalence rates were shown to be significantly high among people who had highly frequent experiences of eating and cooking freshwater raw fish, were diagnosed with liver and/or biliary tract diseases, and drank less than once a month. Conclusion: These results suggest that it is necessary to improve awareness of Clonorchiasis and provide intensive public health education for the riverside residents. And the target groups should be set up by reflecting the characteristics of at-risk groups, and it is necessary to prepare customized strategies for prevention and management of Clonorchiasis.

7청장년층과 노년층 복합만성질환자의 건강 관련 삶의 질 영향요인: 2013년 한국의료패널조사 자료활용

저자 : 조순영 ( Joe Seunyoung ) , 이인숙 ( Lee Insook ) , 박보현 ( Park Bohyun )

발행기관 : 한국지역사회간호학회 간행물 : 지역사회간호학회지 27권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 358-369 (12 pages)

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Purpose: This study was to identify health-related quality of life of Korean young adults and elderly with multimorbidity and to examine factors influencing their health-related quality of life. Methods: Health-related quality of life was measured by the Korean version of the EQ-5D. Using a descriptive study, the study incorporated a secondary analysis of the Korean version of the EQ-5D data from the 8th wave of the Korea Health Panel Survey in 2013. Selected demographic data and the Korean version of the EQ-5D were analyzed using x2-test, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression analysis. Results: Education, drinking, type of health insurance, and number of chronic disease significantly affected the health-related quality of life in the young adults with multimorbidity. Educational level, occupational type, drinking, physical activity, number of chronic disease, unmet healthcare need and the type of multimorbidity significantly affected the health-related quality of life in the elderly with multimorbidity. Conclusion: The factors influencing health-related quality of life were different for young adults versus elderly with multimorbidity. Therefore, there is a need for age-specific health care programs that may improve health-related quality of life of adults with multimorbidity.

8독거노인 당뇨병 환자의 건강정보이해능력과 당뇨지식이 자가간호 이행에 미치는 영향

저자 : 김난희 ( Kim Nan Hui ) , 양영란 ( Yang Youngran ) , 이명하 ( Lee Myung Ha )

발행기관 : 한국지역사회간호학회 간행물 : 지역사회간호학회지 27권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 370-379 (10 pages)

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Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of self-care adherence in the elderly with diabetes mellitus (DM) who have lived alone, and to investigate the association between health literacy, diabetic knowledge and self-care adherence. Methods: Descriptive research using the cross-sectional approach was conducted. Data was collected by using a convenience sampling of 201 participants who aged sixty-five years old or more and have lived alone. Statistical analysis was conducted by using an independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe? test, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression analysis. Results: Mean scores of health literacy, diabetic knowledge and adherence of self-care were 4.41±3.54 points out of a possible 12, 6.22±2.55 points out of a possible 15, 58.56±17.28 points out of a possible 112, respectively. Adherence of self-care showed a statistical association with health literacy (r=.26, p<.001) and diabetic knowledge (r=.30, p<.001). Statistically significant factors in the regression model were monthly income, diabetic knowledge and exercise. Conclusion: The level of self-care adherence in the elderly with diabetes living alone was relatively low. Diabetic knowledge was an important factor to improve the level of self-care adherence for the elderly with diabetes living alone.

9농촌노인의 허약상태가 건강 관련 삶의 질에 미치는 영향: 낙상예방 효능감과 사회적 지지에 의한 매개효과와 조절효과 분석

저자 : 최경원 ( Choi Kyung Won ) , 전경숙 ( Jeon Gyeong-suk )

발행기관 : 한국지역사회간호학회 간행물 : 지역사회간호학회지 27권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 380-387 (8 pages)

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating and moderating effects of fall-related efficacy and social support on the relationship between frailty and health-related quality of life among rural community-dwelling elderly. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a convenient sampling method, and data of 438 elderly residents living in a rural community was used. The structured questionnaire included items from the Euro Quality of life-5 Dimensions (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, anxiety/ depression), fall-related efficacy and social support. Results: Analysis of the mediating effect of fall-related efficacy and social support showed that there was significant mediating influence of fall-related efficacy on the relationship between frailty and health-related quality of life. There were no moderating effects of fall-related efficacy and social support. Conclusion: The findings suggest that fall-related efficacy may play a role in reducing the effect of frailty on health-related quality of life and underscore the need to consider ways of enhancing fall-related efficacy in interventions for rural community-dwelling frail elderly.

10뇌졸중 이환 노인의 일상생활수행능력 변화에 미치는 영향: 장기요양 재가 서비스와 시설 서비스를 중심으로

저자 : 정운숙 ( Jung Woon-sook ) , 임은실 ( Yim Eun-shil )

발행기관 : 한국지역사회간호학회 간행물 : 지역사회간호학회지 27권 4호 발행 연도 : 2016 페이지 : pp. 388-398 (11 pages)

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Purpose: To compare the changes in activities of daily living (ADLs) in older adults with stroke in different modalities of long term care (LTC) services, which include home care and institutional care. Methods: This is a comparative study using secondary data from the Korean national LTC insurance. Home care (HC) services users (n=3,494) and institutional care (IC) users (n=1,428) were extracted and compared in terms of ADLs and changes in ADLs to investigate the effects of HC and IC services in LTC. Results: All of the ADLs and LTC services benefit levels for 2 years had improved in both HC and IC services. The ADLs of older adults with stroke who received HC improved, while those who received IC experienced deterioration. The LTC services benefit levels of the HC and IC groups were significantly different after 2 years. Conclusion: The study has found that HC services may lead ADLs better for older adults with stroke. We recommend LTC policy makers to further develop HC and IC service programs to deliver quality LTC services.

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