II. TRIPLE HELIX CONCEPT
III. FEATURES OF THE TRIPLE HELIX SYSTEM
IV. THE ROLE OF THE JAPANESE GOVERNMENT
V. KNOWLEDGE CLUSTER BY MEXT
VI. REGIONAL INNOVATION CLUSTER PROGRAM
VII. INDUSTRIAL CLUSTERS BY METI
The cluster-based economic development strategy supports economic environments that have already gained a competitive advantage in a certain location, that implies the economic development of the entire local environment by creating jobs, increasing demand, attracting investors. Since the beginning of the 21st century it has been one of the most important concepts for building economic development strategies in many countries of the world, both in the European Union and the other continents, for example in Japan and in the ASEAN countries. The aim of this article is to examine whether or not the triple helix concept affects contemporary cluster policy of Japan and what benefits it generates with regards to development at both central and local level. In the paper, the triple helix concept was presented as well as Japanese cluster policy and regional innovation cluster policy conducted by Japanese government and national institutions like MEXT and METI.
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