Agricultural machines can be a solution for workforce shortage in rural regions caused by declining and aging of rural population. Agricultural mechanization may also reduces production costs. However, the liberalization of agricultural trade, decreasing rice consumption, and rural-urban migration intimidate agricultural machinery industries and the size of tractors, which plays a major role in agricultural mechanization, is becoming larger. The Korean government is developing and promoting mechanization of upland-crop farming in main production areas. The government is also developing machineries for post-harvest processing, green house horticulture, and etc. It is necessary to investigate socio-economic factors which influence demand for agricultural machineries at the farm levels in order to develop customized policies for agricultural mechanization. This research also investigates the current situation of the agricultural machinery industries. Implications of the analysis on determinants of demand for agricultural machineries are as follows. Firstly, it is necessary to seek for customized support policies of agricultural machinery for different types of farms, such as rice-focused single product farms and complex farms producing various agricultural products other than rice. Secondly, because regional factors influence the farmers’ demand for tractors, it is recommended that regional or provincial governments establish their own agricultural mechanization programs by reflecting regional characteristics. Thirdly, agricultural mechanization is suggested to go along development of smart agriculture which converges traditional agriculture with advanced IT technologies such as robots, big data, IOT, and etc.
: 사회과학분야 > 경제학
: KCI 등재
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