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한국부식방식학회(구 한국부식학회)> Corrosion Science and Technology> Al 6061-T6 합금의 해수 내 캐비테이션 진폭에 따른 캐비테이션-침식 조건하에서 전기화학적 특성

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Al 6061-T6 합금의 해수 내 캐비테이션 진폭에 따른 캐비테이션-침식 조건하에서 전기화학적 특성

Electrochemical Characteristics with Cavitation Amplitude Under Cavitation Erosion of 6061-T6 in Seawater

황현규 ( Hyun-kyu Hwang ) , 김성종 ( Seong-jong Kim )
  • : 한국부식방식학회(구 한국부식학회)
  • : Corrosion Science and Technology 19권6호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2020년 12월
  • : 318-325(8pages)

DOI


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3. 실험결과 및 고찰
4. 결론
감사의 글
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초록 보기

Generally, Al alloys of 5000 and 6000 series show excellent weldability, workability, and specific strength, and are widely used in ship building. A combined experiment via cavitation erosion and corrosion damage involving 6061-T6 Al alloy was performed using potentiodynamic polarization under cavitation erosion (hybrid experiments) with amplitude (cavitation strength). The corrosion current density was approximately 52-fold higher at 30 μm than under static conditions, suggesting that the amplitude greatly affected the damage. The degree of damage increased with increasing cavitation amplitude. After the hybrid experiment, the corrosion rate was compared according to the weight loss and damage depth, and the relationship between the two values was expressed as alpha value. The alpha (α) values at amplitudes of 5 μm, 10 μm and 30 μm were 5.11, 12.81 and 8.74, respectively, suggesting that the α value at 10 μm was greater than at 5 μm, and indicating local corrosion damage. However, the α value at 30 μm was smaller than that of 10 μm, which is attributed to higher damage via uniform corrosion than damage induced by local corrosion.

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  • : 1598-6462
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  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2002-2020
  • : 842


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1Control of Galvanic Corrosion Between A516Gr.55 Steel and AA7075T6 Depending on NaCl Concentration and Solution Temperature

저자 : S. Y. Hur , J. M. Jeon , K. T. Kim , Y. S. Kim

발행기관 : 한국부식방식학회(구 한국부식학회) 간행물 : Corrosion Science and Technology 19권 6호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 281-287 (7 pages)

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Chloride ion is one of the most important corrosive agents in atmospheric corrosion, especially in marine environments. It has high adsorption rate and increases the conductivity of electrolytes. Since chloride ions affect the protective properties and the surface composition of the corrosion product, they increase the corrosion rate. A low level of chloride ions leads to uniform corrosion, whereas a high level of chloride ions may induce localized corrosion. However, higher solution temperatures tend to increase the corrosion rate by enhancing the migration of oxygen in the solution. This work focused on the effect of NaCl concentration and temperature on galvanic corrosion between A516Gr.55 carbon steel and AA7075T6 aluminum alloys. When AA7075T6 aluminum alloy was galvanically coupled to A516Gr.55 carbon steel, AA7075T6 was severely corroded regardless of NaCl concentration and solution temperature, unlike the corrosion properties of single specimen. The combined effect of surface treatment involving carbon steel and aluminum alloy on corrosion behavior was also discussed.

2선박용 AA5083-H321의 유속에 의한 침식손상 방지를 위한 최적 음극방식전위 규명

저자 : 정상옥 ( Sang-ok Chong ) , 박일초 ( Il-cho Park ) , 김성종 ( Seong-jong Kim )

발행기관 : 한국부식방식학회(구 한국부식학회) 간행물 : Corrosion Science and Technology 19권 6호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 288-295 (8 pages)

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This study investigated the erosion-corrosion characteristics of 5038-H321 aluminum alloy in a natural seawater solution through various electrochemical experiments and flow rate parameters. Cathodic polarization experiments were conducted at flow rates ranging from 4 to 12 knots. Considering the concentration polarization section representing a relatively low current density, the range of the potentiostatic experiment was determined to be -1.6 to -1.0 V. The potentiostatic experiment was conducted at various potentials for 180 minutes in seawater. After the experiment, the corrosion characteristics were evaluated by observing surface morphology and measuring surface roughness. As a result, as the applied potential was lower, the amount of calcareous deposits increased and the roughness tended to increase. On the other hand, it was confirmed that the roughness was larger in the static condition than the flow rate condition due to the influence of the flow velocity. Variations in the chemical composition with flow rate variations were analyzed by energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). In conclusion, the cathodic potential of AA5083-H321 in seawater was determined to be -1.0 V.

3지역난방 냉각수 배관의 용접부 파손 분석

저자 : 정준철 ( Joon-cheol Jeong ) , 김우철 ( Woo-cheol Kim ) , 김경민 ( Kyung Min Kim ) , 손홍균 ( Hong-kyun Sohn ) , 김정구 ( Jung-gu Kim ) , 이수열 ( Soo-yeol Lee ) , 김희산 ( Heesan Kim )

발행기관 : 한국부식방식학회(구 한국부식학회) 간행물 : Corrosion Science and Technology 19권 6호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 296-301 (6 pages)

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Failure analysis on the welded type 304 pipe used for cooling water piping in the district heating primary side was conducted. Inorganic elements and bacteria in the cooling water and in corrosion products were analyzed, and the weldment was inspected by microscopy and a sensitization test. Corrosion damages were observed in the heat-affected zone, on weld defects such as incomplete fusion or excessive penetration caused by improper welding, or/and at the 6 o'clock position along the pipe axial direction. However, the level of concentration of chloride in the cooling water as low as 80 ppm has been reported to be not enough for even a sensitized type 304 steel, meaning that the additional corrosive factor was required for these corrosion damages. The factor leading to these corrosion damages was drawn to be the metabolisms of the types of bacteria, which is proved by the detection of proton, sulfur containing species, biofilms, and both bacteria and corrosion product analyses.

4다중선형회귀법을 활용한 예민화와 환경변수에 따른 AL-6XN강의 공식특성 예측

저자 : 정광후 ( Kwang-hu Jung ) , 김성종 ( Seong-jong Kim )

발행기관 : 한국부식방식학회(구 한국부식학회) 간행물 : Corrosion Science and Technology 19권 6호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 302-309 (8 pages)

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This study aimed to predict the pitting corrosion characteristics of AL-6XN super-austenitic steel using multiple linear regression. The variables used in the model are degree of sensitization, temperature, and pH. Experiments were designed and cyclic polarization curve tests were conducted accordingly. The data obtained from the cyclic polarization curve tests were used as training data for the multiple linear regression model. The significance of each factor in the response (critical pitting potential, repassivation potential) was analyzed. The multiple linear regression model was validated using experimental conditions that were not included in the training data. As a result, the degree of sensitization showed a greater effect than the other variables. Multiple linear regression showed poor performance for prediction of repassivation potential. On the other hand, the model showed a considerable degree of predictive performance for critical pitting potential. The coefficient of determination (R2) was 0.7745. The possibility for pitting potential prediction was confirmed using multiple linear regression.

5경질양극산화된 5083-H321 알루미늄 합금의 해수 내 액적충격침식부식 손상 연구

저자 : 신동호 ( Dong-ho Shin ) , 김성종 ( Seong-jong Kim )

발행기관 : 한국부식방식학회(구 한국부식학회) 간행물 : Corrosion Science and Technology 19권 6호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 310-317 (8 pages)

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This study investigated the damage to the specimen due to liquid droplet impingement erosion corrosion, which improved the corrosion resistance and durability via hard anodization of 5083-H321 aluminum alloy, which is widely used for small ships and marine structures. The experiment combined liquid droplet impingement erosion and electrochemical equipment with the flow rates in natural seawater solution. Subsequently, Tafel extrapolation of polarization curves was performed to evaluate damage due to the liquid droplet impingement erosion corrosion. The damaged surface was observed using a 3D microscope and a scanning electron microscope. The degree of pitting damage was measured using the Image J program, and the surface hardness was measured using the micro-Vickers hardness tester. The corrosion current density, area, depth, and ratio of the damaged areas increased with the increase in flow rate. The grain size of the damaged area at a flow rate of 20 m s-1 showed fewer and minor differences in height, and a smooth curved shape. The hardness of the damaged surface tended to decrease with increase in flow rate.

6Al 6061-T6 합금의 해수 내 캐비테이션 진폭에 따른 캐비테이션-침식 조건하에서 전기화학적 특성

저자 : 황현규 ( Hyun-kyu Hwang ) , 김성종 ( Seong-jong Kim )

발행기관 : 한국부식방식학회(구 한국부식학회) 간행물 : Corrosion Science and Technology 19권 6호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 318-325 (8 pages)

다운로드

(기관인증 필요)

초록보기

Generally, Al alloys of 5000 and 6000 series show excellent weldability, workability, and specific strength, and are widely used in ship building. A combined experiment via cavitation erosion and corrosion damage involving 6061-T6 Al alloy was performed using potentiodynamic polarization under cavitation erosion (hybrid experiments) with amplitude (cavitation strength). The corrosion current density was approximately 52-fold higher at 30 μm than under static conditions, suggesting that the amplitude greatly affected the damage. The degree of damage increased with increasing cavitation amplitude. After the hybrid experiment, the corrosion rate was compared according to the weight loss and damage depth, and the relationship between the two values was expressed as alpha value. The alpha (α) values at amplitudes of 5 μm, 10 μm and 30 μm were 5.11, 12.81 and 8.74, respectively, suggesting that the α value at 10 μm was greater than at 5 μm, and indicating local corrosion damage. However, the α value at 30 μm was smaller than that of 10 μm, which is attributed to higher damage via uniform corrosion than damage induced by local corrosion.

736개월간 국내 옥외폭로시험에 따른 갈바륨 강판의 대기부식거동 및 표면외관 변화

저자 : 김기태 ( K. T. Kim ) , 유영란 ( Y. R. Yoo ) , 김영식 ( Y. S. Kim )

발행기관 : 한국부식방식학회(구 한국부식학회) 간행물 : Corrosion Science and Technology 19권 6호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 326-336 (11 pages)

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Galvalume steel (GL) is widely used in marine and industrial environments. It is characterized by better corrosion resistance than carbon steel. However, corrosion and economic losses may occur as the usage time is increased. Therefore, in this study, an outdoor exposure test of GL for 36 months was conducted across six regions of Korea. Parameters such as corrosion rate, chrominance (color, chroma, and brightness), glossiness, and surface appearance were analyzed. The results showed no significant change in appearance, and the initial corrosion rate was large, but a tendency to decrease with time was observed. Increased outdoor exposure time led to increase in the level of corrosion products. In the case of coastal areas where S, Cl, and other elements were detected, a relatively high decrease in Zn content was observed. Al forms a protective oxide film and exists in the coating layer, but Zn dissolves due to its chemical activity and low potential.

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