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대한통합의학회지 update

Journal of Korean Society of Integrative Medicine

  • : 대한통합의학회
  • : 의약학분야  >  기타(의약학)
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수록정보
9권3호(2021) |수록논문 수 : 20
간행물 제목
9권3호(2021년 08월) 수록논문
최근 권호 논문
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KCI등재

1Effects of Sensory Integration Therapy with Sibling on Play Level and Time for Children with Disabilities

저자 : Ki-Yeon Chang , Ki-jong Kim

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-8 (8 pages)

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Purpose : There is a lack of research on this field in the Republic of Korea, especially those that have seen the effect of interaction between siblings through sensory integration therapy (SIT). Therefore, this study sought to find out the effectiveness of SIT with siblings through the Revised Knox Preschool Play Scale (RKPPS) and playtime.
Methods : The experimental group consisted of 10 disabled children, and 10 normal siblings of the disabilities joined the program as a helper. In addition, 10 children with disabilities conducted the intervention as a control group. The difference between the experimental group and the control group is whether they participate with their sibling or not during the intervention period. The present study was conducted a SIT for 40 minutes per week for the experimental and the control group and then had 10 minutes of an interview with the parents of children with disabilities. A total of 10 programs were implemented for 10 weeks.
Results : The experimental group showed statistically significant differences in space management, material management, pretense/symbolic, participation, and total scores. The control group showed significant differences between pre and post results in the participation and the total scores. The experimental group and the control group showed significant differences in the pre-post comparison results. The comparison of post-intervention between both groups of the RKPPS and playtime results showed a statistically significant increase in the experimental group.
Conclusion : The sibling SIT showed better play level and time than the individual therapy. However, comparisons before and after the intervention in the level of play showed significant results only in participation and total scores in the control group. Clinically, it is recommended to make good use of sibling relationships when applying SIT, and if that is not possible, continuous observation is needed that children who received treatment become familiar with the environment in which they can be treated.

KCI등재

2뇌병변 장애 아동의 아동용 전산화 인지재활 프로그램(CoTras-C) 사용 전ㆍ후 비교

저자 : 박소원 ( So-Won Park )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 9-18 (10 pages)

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Purpose : In this study, we applied a computerized cognitive rehabilitation program (CoTras-C) for children with cerebral palsy. Research was conducted to investigate the impact of upper limb function, sensory function, and activities of daily living.
Methods : The study period lasted 10 weeks from October 2019 to December 2019. The study subjects were 12 subjects according to the selection criteria, and a computerized cognitive rehabilitation program (CoTras-C) was conducted twice a week for 30 minutes before and after the application of basic occupational therapy.
Results : As a result of the computerized cognitive rehabilitation program, scores of upper limb function (QUEST), sensory function (SSP-2), and daily life activity (WeeFIM) were significantly improved (p>.05). From the result of examining the motor area, improvement in fine-motor function and protective extension through touch pad or controller operation was found. It also showed improvement in activities of daily living including motor and activities of daily living including social cognition. In the sensory function evaluation, it was not significant in movement sensitivity. Significant differences were shown in the items excluding olfactory/taste sensitivity.
Conclusion : The application of the computerized cognitive rehabilitation program (CoTras-C) showed significant results in upper limb function, sensory function, and daily life activities of children with brain lesions. Based on these results, future studies need to generalize the study by expanding the age or population of children with brain lesions, or by expanding the diversity of diseases and environments.

KCI등재

3경상남도 웰니스관광의 염증면역지표, 자율신경균형, 정서, 피로, 스트레스, 삶의 질 및 수면의 질 개선에 미치는 단기효과

저자 : 이새롬 ( Sae-rom Lee ) , 이예리 ( Ye-Li Lee ) , 이상엽 ( Sang-Yeoup Lee )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 19-35 (17 pages)

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Purpose : Recently, there has been a growing social interest in aging well. Consequently, wellness tourism has begun to attract attention. However, no studies on whether wellness tourism has any objective health benefits have been carried out yet. In this study, we assess the health benefits as well as the degree of improvement in health of a wellness tourism program.
Methods : The study involved 30 adults over the age of 19 who live in the Gyeongsangnam-do region. Participants were evaluated on health indicator before and after participating in wellness tourism program. Participants took heart rate variability (HRV) test, and LFT, RFT, CBC, FBS HbA1C, and CRP test were conducted before and after the tour. Additionally, a survey was conducted before and after the program, and participant satisfaction was evaluated. Statistical differences in the tests conducted before and after the program were analyzed using a design t-test, a Wilcoxon signed-rank test, and McNemar's test.
Results : The study showed that participants were very satisfied with and had significant health improvements after the wellness tourism program. The program was also found to be beneficial in improving participants' emotions as follows: BDI (p<.001), fatigue recovery (p=.006), stress relief (p=.003), improved quality of life (p<.05), and improved sleep quality (p<.001).
Conclusion : Wellness tourism programs are specifically beneficial for improving participants' emotions (depression, anxiety), fatigue, stress levels, quality of life, and sleep. Therefore, they are beneficial to the overall health. Further research in the future by way of a follow-up study on the long-term effects on health after short-term interventions will provide more validation data.

KCI등재

4경도인지장애 선별검사로서 Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Korea (MoCA-K)의 규준 연구

저자 : 곽호성 ( Ho-Soung Kwak ) , 김선호 ( Sun-ho Kim )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 37-45 (9 pages)

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Purpose : This study aimed to present normative data and cut-off points for older Korean adults completing the Montreal Cognitive Assessment - Korean (MoCA-K), which is used as a screening test for mild cognitive impairment in Korea.
Methods : A total of 195 healthy adults ≥60 years were recruited. All participants completed the MoCA-K and the Korean - Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-K) to assess their cognitive function. Participants were divided into six groups based on their age: 60-64 years, 65~69 years, 70~74 years, 75~79 years, 80~84 years, and 85~89 years.
Results : The results revealed that MoCA-K score decreased significantly with age (mean score ± standard deviation [SD]; 27.63±2.80 in subjects aged 60~64 years; 27.00±2.39 in subjects aged 65~69 years; 24.94±2.96 in subjects aged 70~74 years; 24.74±3.37 in subjects aged 75~79 years; 22.59±4.72 in subjects aged 80~84 years; and 18.83±5.38 in subjects aged 85~89 years; p<.001). Additionally, MoCA-K score also increased significantly with educational level (mean score±standard deviation [SD]; 19.95±4.78 in no formal education group; 24.95±2.22 in elementary school graduated group; 26.35±2.72 in middle school graduated group; 28.32±1.36 in high school graduated group; and 28.50±1.51 in more than college graduated group; p<.001). The optimal cut-off points were 24/25 for 60~69 years old group, 21/22 for 70~79 years old group, 17/18 for 80~84 years old group, and 13/14 for 85~89 years old group. The optimal cut-off points were 15/16 for individuals who were illiterate, 22/23 for individuals with 6 years of education, 22/24 for individuals with 9 years of education, and 26/27 for individuals with 12 or more years of education.
Conclusions : This study presents normative data and cut-off points for the MoCA-K in older Korean adults. This data will facilitate more accurate detection and follow-up of the risk of mild cognitive impairment in this population, taking into consideration age and education. Future studies are required that should focus on the cut-off score on the level of education according to age.

KCI등재

5천식과 구강건강 및 정신건강과의 관련성

저자 : 윤수연 ( Soo-Yeon Yoon ) , 이경희 ( Kyung-Hee Lee )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 47-58 (12 pages)

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Purpose : This study aimed to investigate the association between asthma and oral health and factors influencing asthma in adults. We also investigated whether asthma is related to mental health and physiological factors of blood.
Methods : Data from 12,639 adults was taken from the 7th period (2016~2018) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and analyzed using with SPSS 22.0 statistical program. Statistical analysis of data included frequency analysis, cross-analysis, and logistic regression analysis. For continuous data, an independent sample t-test was performed. The statistical significance level was defined as 0.05.
Results : The probability of asthma occurrence was statistically different within general characteristics (gender, age, school grade, income, and drinking). By independent variables in a logistic regression analysis, the asthma diagnosis group had more people with speech discomfort (OR=1.37), chewing discomfort (OR=1.29), and oral pain (OR=.73). We found that people with asthma had a more unfavorable perception of their health (OR=1.73), suffered more depression (OR=.45), stress (OR=.66), and limited activity (OR=2.38). Moreover, the white blood cell count (OR=1.10) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein test (OR=1.06) also showed higher values than the control group.
Conclusion : Our study showed that oral health and mental health were associated with the asthma, and influencing factors were oral health and behavior and mental health-related characteristics. Therefore, it is necessary to understand asthma-related risk factors for oral health and recognize the importance of systematic oral care education and regular dental visits for patients receiving asthma treatment. Thus, this study provides valuable insights on appropriate oral health management and prevention of asthma in patients.

KCI등재

6COVID-19 팬데믹이 대학생의 신체적 활동과 정신적 건강에 미치는 영향

저자 : 김보혜 ( Bo-Hye Kim ) , 이보영 ( Bo-young Lee ) , 이예영 ( Ye-Young Lee ) , 황수진 ( Su-jin Hwang )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 59-68 (10 pages)

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Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the lecture method and physical activity level of Korean university students during the COVID-19 pandemic to determine their effect on the students' mental health, self-efficacy, and learning motivation.
Methods : A total of 203 participants (53 male, 150 female) completed the study. An online survey was distributed through a social media platform between March 24 and April 7, 2021. Participants completed the international physical activity questionnaire-short form (IPAQ-SF), COVID-19 stress scale for Korean people (CSSK), the Korean version of the general health questionnaire (KGHQ-30), and self-efficacy and learning motivation scales.
Results : Among the general characteristics of the study subjects, there were statistically significant differences in the IPAQ-SF, CSSK, KGHQ, self-efficacy, and learning motivation measures by sex. There were no significant differences in the degree of IPAQ-SF, CSSK, KGHQ, self-efficacy, and learning motivation among any of the lecture method and university area groups. The level of physical activity corresponded with significant differences in KGHQ, self-efficacy, and learning motivation, excluding CSSK. There was a statistically significant positive correlation between IPAQ and self-efficacy (r=.273, p<.001), IPAQ-SF and learning motivation (r=.201, p<.01), CSSK and KGHQ (r=.271, p<.001), self-efficacy and learning motivation measures (r=.506, p<.001). There was a statistically significant negative correlation between IPAQ-SF and KGHQ (r=-.203, p<.01) and between KGHQ and self-efficacy (r=-.558, p<.001).
Conclusion : CSSK and KGHQ measures were significantly higher in female students than in male students. Therefore, it is important to consider sex as a protective factor in the mental health management of university students in the context of an infectious disease pandemic. The results of this study suggest that university students should continue to engage in physical activities, even during a pandemic, and that it is necessary to prepare health management to improve mental health in such situations.

KCI등재

7계단 운동과 케겔 복합 운동이 최대 자발적 환기량과 안정성의 한계에 미치는 비교 연구

저자 : 박강희 ( Kang-Hui Park ) , 박한규 ( Han-kyu Park )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 69-78 (10 pages)

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Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of stair exercise and Kegel combined exercise on the maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) and limits of stability (LOS).
Methods : 23 female students participated in this experiment. MVV was measured with a spirometer. The LOS was measured with a Biorescue. Subjects were randomly assigned to two groups. 12 subjects were assigned to the experimental group and 11 subjects were assigned to the control group. The experimental group performed 5 minutes of stair exercise and 5 minutes of Kegel exercise. The control group performed 10 minutes of stair exercise. After 5 minutes of exercise, 1 minute of rest was provided. Both groups exercised for 5 minutes according to the metronome beat 130 during the stair exercise. After 5 minutes of rest after exercise, MVV and LOS were measured again in the same way. The measurement sequence was also randomly alternated.
Results : Significant differences were found within and between groups in the experimental group in MVV (p<.05). In LOS, significant differences were confirmed in left, right, forward, backward, and total LOS in the experimental group (p<.05). In the control group, there were significant differences in left, forward, and total LOS (p< .05). However, there was no significant difference between groups (p >.05).
Conclusion : Based on the results of this study, it was confirmed that the stairs and Kegel combined exercise had a positive effect on MVV and LOS. However, in the short term, it was found that the stair and Kegel combined exercise was insufficient in time and the threshold of exercise to show the difference between groups in LOS. Therefore, additional research should be conducted by modifying the limitations of this study.

KCI등재

8구강보건의료기관 종사자들의 유해화학물질 인식, 실천 및 물질안전보건자료 (MSDS) 관리에 영향을 미치는 요인

저자 : 정혜영 ( Hye-young Jung ) , 문원숙 ( Won-Suk Mun ) , 김지영 ( Ji-young Kim )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 79-86 (8 pages)

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Purpose : This study was conducted to provide fundamental data to prepare for countermeasure to protect health of workers in the dental clinics from hazardous chemical substance, and to assess effecting factors on management of Material Safety Date Sheet(MSDS) and handling of hazardous chemical substance among workers in dental clinics.
Methods : This study was carried out a survey with structured self-administered questionnaire which was consisted of 7 questions about the management of MSDS, 9 questions about recognition and practice of hazardous chemical substances in dental clinics, and 7 questions about general characteristics. Total subjects of this study were 204 adult who workers in dental clinics located in Busan and Gyeng-nam province area. The collected data were analysed using the SPSS statistical package program (ver. 23.0).
Results : The factor that positively affected factor on recognition and practice of hazardous chemical substances in dental clinics has experience that has been institutional health-care accreditation. The factor that positively affected the management of MSDS has experience that has been institutional health-care accreditation.
Conclusion : It is necessary to prepare countermeasures such as campaign and education on cognition of general chemical substances, and also the author concern that it should be perform the education on handling of hazardous chemical substances in dental clinics for more effecting management of MSDS. In order to improve the management of MSDS and improve the awareness and safety of chemicals, it is necessary to encourage the implementation of the institutional health-care accreditation system or prepare guidelines for the management of MSDS.

KCI등재

9뇌졸중 환자의 다리 기능에 대한 경두개직류자극의 효과: 국내 연구의 메타분석

저자 : 이정우 ( Jeong-woo Lee ) , 임지선 ( Ji-Sun Lim )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 87-97 (11 pages)

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Purpose : The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on the lower extremity function of stroke patients.
Methods : Domestic data were gathered from studies that conducted clinical trials associated with transcranial direct current stimulation and its impact on lower extremity function of stroke patients. A total of 592 studies published between 2012 and 2020 were identified, with 7 studies satisfying the inclusion data. The studies consisted of patient, intervention, comparison, and outcome (PICO) data. The search outcomes were items associated with muscle activity, balance, muscle strength and walking ability. Cochrane risk of bias (ROB) was used to evaluate the quality of 3 randomized control trials. The quality of 4 non-randomized control trials was evaluated using risk of bias assessment tool for non-randomized studies (RoBANS). Effect sizes in this study were computed as the corrected standard mean difference (SMD). A random-effect model was used to analyze the effect size because of the high heterogeneity among the studies. Egger's regression and 'trim-and-fill' tests were carried out to analyze the publishing bias.
Results : The following factors had a large total effect size (Hedges's g=2.10, 95 %CI=1.54~2.66) involving transcranial direct current stimulation on stroke patients: muscle activity (Hedges's g=2.38, 95 %CI=1.08~3.68), balance (Hedges's g4=2.41, 95 %CI=1.33~3.60), walking ability (Hedges's g=1.54, 95 %CI=0.49~2.59), and muscle strength (Hedges's g=2.45, 95 % CI: 0.85~4.05). Egger's regression test showed that the publishing bias had statistically significant differences but 'trim-and-fill' test showed that there was still statistical difference.
Conclusion : This study provides evidence for the effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation on the lower extremity in terms of muscle activity, balance, walking ability, and muscle strength in stroke patients. However, due to the low quality of studies and high heterogeneity factors, the results of our study should be interpreted cautiously.

KCI등재

10재가노인 방문요양보호사의 낙상관련 대처 경험에 관한 연구

저자 : 임선영 ( Sun-young Lim ) , 박혜선 ( Hye-sun Park ) , 마예원 ( Ryewon Ma )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 99-110 (12 pages)

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to understand the experience and meaning of falls among care workers caring for the elderly.
Methods: The participants comprised 10 care workers in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. The data collection period was from September to November 2020, and the data were obtained through individual in-depth interviews. The collected data were analyzed using the content analysis method of qualitative research. The main interview questions were as follows: First, in the event of a fall, “can you tell us about your experience and how you dealt with the fall?; second, “can you tell us about your role and the role of family members or the center that manages falls that occur outside of nursing visits.”, third, “can you tell us about the difficulties in managing falls based on your experience?”, and fourth, “how are falls that occur during nursing visits managed?”
Results: As a result of analyzing the experiences of nursing care workers of falls while caring for elders in their homes, five main themes were derived. These were understanding the characteristics of the elderly at home, understanding possible emergency situations, providing caring services, minimizing physical harm, and delivering clear information.
Conclusion: A significant finding of this study was that care workers who visit and provide care to elders at home confirmed the need for standard guidelines on appropriate responses in the event of a fall at home and the importance of managing emergencies arising from falls among elders at home. These results highlight the need for the development of emergency response education programs, such as programs on fall care among nurses and care workers who provide care to the elderly, and for enhanced understanding of the fall risk of elders who live at home.

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KCI등재

1Effects of Sensory Integration Therapy with Sibling on Play Level and Time for Children with Disabilities

저자 : Ki-Yeon Chang , Ki-jong Kim

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 1-8 (8 pages)

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Purpose : There is a lack of research on this field in the Republic of Korea, especially those that have seen the effect of interaction between siblings through sensory integration therapy (SIT). Therefore, this study sought to find out the effectiveness of SIT with siblings through the Revised Knox Preschool Play Scale (RKPPS) and playtime.
Methods : The experimental group consisted of 10 disabled children, and 10 normal siblings of the disabilities joined the program as a helper. In addition, 10 children with disabilities conducted the intervention as a control group. The difference between the experimental group and the control group is whether they participate with their sibling or not during the intervention period. The present study was conducted a SIT for 40 minutes per week for the experimental and the control group and then had 10 minutes of an interview with the parents of children with disabilities. A total of 10 programs were implemented for 10 weeks.
Results : The experimental group showed statistically significant differences in space management, material management, pretense/symbolic, participation, and total scores. The control group showed significant differences between pre and post results in the participation and the total scores. The experimental group and the control group showed significant differences in the pre-post comparison results. The comparison of post-intervention between both groups of the RKPPS and playtime results showed a statistically significant increase in the experimental group.
Conclusion : The sibling SIT showed better play level and time than the individual therapy. However, comparisons before and after the intervention in the level of play showed significant results only in participation and total scores in the control group. Clinically, it is recommended to make good use of sibling relationships when applying SIT, and if that is not possible, continuous observation is needed that children who received treatment become familiar with the environment in which they can be treated.

KCI등재

2뇌병변 장애 아동의 아동용 전산화 인지재활 프로그램(CoTras-C) 사용 전ㆍ후 비교

저자 : 박소원 ( So-Won Park )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 9-18 (10 pages)

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Purpose : In this study, we applied a computerized cognitive rehabilitation program (CoTras-C) for children with cerebral palsy. Research was conducted to investigate the impact of upper limb function, sensory function, and activities of daily living.
Methods : The study period lasted 10 weeks from October 2019 to December 2019. The study subjects were 12 subjects according to the selection criteria, and a computerized cognitive rehabilitation program (CoTras-C) was conducted twice a week for 30 minutes before and after the application of basic occupational therapy.
Results : As a result of the computerized cognitive rehabilitation program, scores of upper limb function (QUEST), sensory function (SSP-2), and daily life activity (WeeFIM) were significantly improved (p>.05). From the result of examining the motor area, improvement in fine-motor function and protective extension through touch pad or controller operation was found. It also showed improvement in activities of daily living including motor and activities of daily living including social cognition. In the sensory function evaluation, it was not significant in movement sensitivity. Significant differences were shown in the items excluding olfactory/taste sensitivity.
Conclusion : The application of the computerized cognitive rehabilitation program (CoTras-C) showed significant results in upper limb function, sensory function, and daily life activities of children with brain lesions. Based on these results, future studies need to generalize the study by expanding the age or population of children with brain lesions, or by expanding the diversity of diseases and environments.

KCI등재

3경상남도 웰니스관광의 염증면역지표, 자율신경균형, 정서, 피로, 스트레스, 삶의 질 및 수면의 질 개선에 미치는 단기효과

저자 : 이새롬 ( Sae-rom Lee ) , 이예리 ( Ye-Li Lee ) , 이상엽 ( Sang-Yeoup Lee )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 19-35 (17 pages)

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Purpose : Recently, there has been a growing social interest in aging well. Consequently, wellness tourism has begun to attract attention. However, no studies on whether wellness tourism has any objective health benefits have been carried out yet. In this study, we assess the health benefits as well as the degree of improvement in health of a wellness tourism program.
Methods : The study involved 30 adults over the age of 19 who live in the Gyeongsangnam-do region. Participants were evaluated on health indicator before and after participating in wellness tourism program. Participants took heart rate variability (HRV) test, and LFT, RFT, CBC, FBS HbA1C, and CRP test were conducted before and after the tour. Additionally, a survey was conducted before and after the program, and participant satisfaction was evaluated. Statistical differences in the tests conducted before and after the program were analyzed using a design t-test, a Wilcoxon signed-rank test, and McNemar's test.
Results : The study showed that participants were very satisfied with and had significant health improvements after the wellness tourism program. The program was also found to be beneficial in improving participants' emotions as follows: BDI (p<.001), fatigue recovery (p=.006), stress relief (p=.003), improved quality of life (p<.05), and improved sleep quality (p<.001).
Conclusion : Wellness tourism programs are specifically beneficial for improving participants' emotions (depression, anxiety), fatigue, stress levels, quality of life, and sleep. Therefore, they are beneficial to the overall health. Further research in the future by way of a follow-up study on the long-term effects on health after short-term interventions will provide more validation data.

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4경도인지장애 선별검사로서 Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Korea (MoCA-K)의 규준 연구

저자 : 곽호성 ( Ho-Soung Kwak ) , 김선호 ( Sun-ho Kim )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 37-45 (9 pages)

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Purpose : This study aimed to present normative data and cut-off points for older Korean adults completing the Montreal Cognitive Assessment - Korean (MoCA-K), which is used as a screening test for mild cognitive impairment in Korea.
Methods : A total of 195 healthy adults ≥60 years were recruited. All participants completed the MoCA-K and the Korean - Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-K) to assess their cognitive function. Participants were divided into six groups based on their age: 60-64 years, 65~69 years, 70~74 years, 75~79 years, 80~84 years, and 85~89 years.
Results : The results revealed that MoCA-K score decreased significantly with age (mean score ± standard deviation [SD]; 27.63±2.80 in subjects aged 60~64 years; 27.00±2.39 in subjects aged 65~69 years; 24.94±2.96 in subjects aged 70~74 years; 24.74±3.37 in subjects aged 75~79 years; 22.59±4.72 in subjects aged 80~84 years; and 18.83±5.38 in subjects aged 85~89 years; p<.001). Additionally, MoCA-K score also increased significantly with educational level (mean score±standard deviation [SD]; 19.95±4.78 in no formal education group; 24.95±2.22 in elementary school graduated group; 26.35±2.72 in middle school graduated group; 28.32±1.36 in high school graduated group; and 28.50±1.51 in more than college graduated group; p<.001). The optimal cut-off points were 24/25 for 60~69 years old group, 21/22 for 70~79 years old group, 17/18 for 80~84 years old group, and 13/14 for 85~89 years old group. The optimal cut-off points were 15/16 for individuals who were illiterate, 22/23 for individuals with 6 years of education, 22/24 for individuals with 9 years of education, and 26/27 for individuals with 12 or more years of education.
Conclusions : This study presents normative data and cut-off points for the MoCA-K in older Korean adults. This data will facilitate more accurate detection and follow-up of the risk of mild cognitive impairment in this population, taking into consideration age and education. Future studies are required that should focus on the cut-off score on the level of education according to age.

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5천식과 구강건강 및 정신건강과의 관련성

저자 : 윤수연 ( Soo-Yeon Yoon ) , 이경희 ( Kyung-Hee Lee )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 47-58 (12 pages)

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Purpose : This study aimed to investigate the association between asthma and oral health and factors influencing asthma in adults. We also investigated whether asthma is related to mental health and physiological factors of blood.
Methods : Data from 12,639 adults was taken from the 7th period (2016~2018) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and analyzed using with SPSS 22.0 statistical program. Statistical analysis of data included frequency analysis, cross-analysis, and logistic regression analysis. For continuous data, an independent sample t-test was performed. The statistical significance level was defined as 0.05.
Results : The probability of asthma occurrence was statistically different within general characteristics (gender, age, school grade, income, and drinking). By independent variables in a logistic regression analysis, the asthma diagnosis group had more people with speech discomfort (OR=1.37), chewing discomfort (OR=1.29), and oral pain (OR=.73). We found that people with asthma had a more unfavorable perception of their health (OR=1.73), suffered more depression (OR=.45), stress (OR=.66), and limited activity (OR=2.38). Moreover, the white blood cell count (OR=1.10) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein test (OR=1.06) also showed higher values than the control group.
Conclusion : Our study showed that oral health and mental health were associated with the asthma, and influencing factors were oral health and behavior and mental health-related characteristics. Therefore, it is necessary to understand asthma-related risk factors for oral health and recognize the importance of systematic oral care education and regular dental visits for patients receiving asthma treatment. Thus, this study provides valuable insights on appropriate oral health management and prevention of asthma in patients.

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6COVID-19 팬데믹이 대학생의 신체적 활동과 정신적 건강에 미치는 영향

저자 : 김보혜 ( Bo-Hye Kim ) , 이보영 ( Bo-young Lee ) , 이예영 ( Ye-Young Lee ) , 황수진 ( Su-jin Hwang )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 59-68 (10 pages)

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Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the lecture method and physical activity level of Korean university students during the COVID-19 pandemic to determine their effect on the students' mental health, self-efficacy, and learning motivation.
Methods : A total of 203 participants (53 male, 150 female) completed the study. An online survey was distributed through a social media platform between March 24 and April 7, 2021. Participants completed the international physical activity questionnaire-short form (IPAQ-SF), COVID-19 stress scale for Korean people (CSSK), the Korean version of the general health questionnaire (KGHQ-30), and self-efficacy and learning motivation scales.
Results : Among the general characteristics of the study subjects, there were statistically significant differences in the IPAQ-SF, CSSK, KGHQ, self-efficacy, and learning motivation measures by sex. There were no significant differences in the degree of IPAQ-SF, CSSK, KGHQ, self-efficacy, and learning motivation among any of the lecture method and university area groups. The level of physical activity corresponded with significant differences in KGHQ, self-efficacy, and learning motivation, excluding CSSK. There was a statistically significant positive correlation between IPAQ and self-efficacy (r=.273, p<.001), IPAQ-SF and learning motivation (r=.201, p<.01), CSSK and KGHQ (r=.271, p<.001), self-efficacy and learning motivation measures (r=.506, p<.001). There was a statistically significant negative correlation between IPAQ-SF and KGHQ (r=-.203, p<.01) and between KGHQ and self-efficacy (r=-.558, p<.001).
Conclusion : CSSK and KGHQ measures were significantly higher in female students than in male students. Therefore, it is important to consider sex as a protective factor in the mental health management of university students in the context of an infectious disease pandemic. The results of this study suggest that university students should continue to engage in physical activities, even during a pandemic, and that it is necessary to prepare health management to improve mental health in such situations.

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7계단 운동과 케겔 복합 운동이 최대 자발적 환기량과 안정성의 한계에 미치는 비교 연구

저자 : 박강희 ( Kang-Hui Park ) , 박한규 ( Han-kyu Park )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 69-78 (10 pages)

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Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of stair exercise and Kegel combined exercise on the maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) and limits of stability (LOS).
Methods : 23 female students participated in this experiment. MVV was measured with a spirometer. The LOS was measured with a Biorescue. Subjects were randomly assigned to two groups. 12 subjects were assigned to the experimental group and 11 subjects were assigned to the control group. The experimental group performed 5 minutes of stair exercise and 5 minutes of Kegel exercise. The control group performed 10 minutes of stair exercise. After 5 minutes of exercise, 1 minute of rest was provided. Both groups exercised for 5 minutes according to the metronome beat 130 during the stair exercise. After 5 minutes of rest after exercise, MVV and LOS were measured again in the same way. The measurement sequence was also randomly alternated.
Results : Significant differences were found within and between groups in the experimental group in MVV (p<.05). In LOS, significant differences were confirmed in left, right, forward, backward, and total LOS in the experimental group (p<.05). In the control group, there were significant differences in left, forward, and total LOS (p< .05). However, there was no significant difference between groups (p >.05).
Conclusion : Based on the results of this study, it was confirmed that the stairs and Kegel combined exercise had a positive effect on MVV and LOS. However, in the short term, it was found that the stair and Kegel combined exercise was insufficient in time and the threshold of exercise to show the difference between groups in LOS. Therefore, additional research should be conducted by modifying the limitations of this study.

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8구강보건의료기관 종사자들의 유해화학물질 인식, 실천 및 물질안전보건자료 (MSDS) 관리에 영향을 미치는 요인

저자 : 정혜영 ( Hye-young Jung ) , 문원숙 ( Won-Suk Mun ) , 김지영 ( Ji-young Kim )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 79-86 (8 pages)

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Purpose : This study was conducted to provide fundamental data to prepare for countermeasure to protect health of workers in the dental clinics from hazardous chemical substance, and to assess effecting factors on management of Material Safety Date Sheet(MSDS) and handling of hazardous chemical substance among workers in dental clinics.
Methods : This study was carried out a survey with structured self-administered questionnaire which was consisted of 7 questions about the management of MSDS, 9 questions about recognition and practice of hazardous chemical substances in dental clinics, and 7 questions about general characteristics. Total subjects of this study were 204 adult who workers in dental clinics located in Busan and Gyeng-nam province area. The collected data were analysed using the SPSS statistical package program (ver. 23.0).
Results : The factor that positively affected factor on recognition and practice of hazardous chemical substances in dental clinics has experience that has been institutional health-care accreditation. The factor that positively affected the management of MSDS has experience that has been institutional health-care accreditation.
Conclusion : It is necessary to prepare countermeasures such as campaign and education on cognition of general chemical substances, and also the author concern that it should be perform the education on handling of hazardous chemical substances in dental clinics for more effecting management of MSDS. In order to improve the management of MSDS and improve the awareness and safety of chemicals, it is necessary to encourage the implementation of the institutional health-care accreditation system or prepare guidelines for the management of MSDS.

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9뇌졸중 환자의 다리 기능에 대한 경두개직류자극의 효과: 국내 연구의 메타분석

저자 : 이정우 ( Jeong-woo Lee ) , 임지선 ( Ji-Sun Lim )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 87-97 (11 pages)

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Purpose : The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on the lower extremity function of stroke patients.
Methods : Domestic data were gathered from studies that conducted clinical trials associated with transcranial direct current stimulation and its impact on lower extremity function of stroke patients. A total of 592 studies published between 2012 and 2020 were identified, with 7 studies satisfying the inclusion data. The studies consisted of patient, intervention, comparison, and outcome (PICO) data. The search outcomes were items associated with muscle activity, balance, muscle strength and walking ability. Cochrane risk of bias (ROB) was used to evaluate the quality of 3 randomized control trials. The quality of 4 non-randomized control trials was evaluated using risk of bias assessment tool for non-randomized studies (RoBANS). Effect sizes in this study were computed as the corrected standard mean difference (SMD). A random-effect model was used to analyze the effect size because of the high heterogeneity among the studies. Egger's regression and 'trim-and-fill' tests were carried out to analyze the publishing bias.
Results : The following factors had a large total effect size (Hedges's g=2.10, 95 %CI=1.54~2.66) involving transcranial direct current stimulation on stroke patients: muscle activity (Hedges's g=2.38, 95 %CI=1.08~3.68), balance (Hedges's g4=2.41, 95 %CI=1.33~3.60), walking ability (Hedges's g=1.54, 95 %CI=0.49~2.59), and muscle strength (Hedges's g=2.45, 95 % CI: 0.85~4.05). Egger's regression test showed that the publishing bias had statistically significant differences but 'trim-and-fill' test showed that there was still statistical difference.
Conclusion : This study provides evidence for the effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation on the lower extremity in terms of muscle activity, balance, walking ability, and muscle strength in stroke patients. However, due to the low quality of studies and high heterogeneity factors, the results of our study should be interpreted cautiously.

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10재가노인 방문요양보호사의 낙상관련 대처 경험에 관한 연구

저자 : 임선영 ( Sun-young Lim ) , 박혜선 ( Hye-sun Park ) , 마예원 ( Ryewon Ma )

발행기관 : 대한통합의학회 간행물 : 대한통합의학회지 9권 3호 발행 연도 : 2021 페이지 : pp. 99-110 (12 pages)

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to understand the experience and meaning of falls among care workers caring for the elderly.
Methods: The participants comprised 10 care workers in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. The data collection period was from September to November 2020, and the data were obtained through individual in-depth interviews. The collected data were analyzed using the content analysis method of qualitative research. The main interview questions were as follows: First, in the event of a fall, “can you tell us about your experience and how you dealt with the fall?; second, “can you tell us about your role and the role of family members or the center that manages falls that occur outside of nursing visits.”, third, “can you tell us about the difficulties in managing falls based on your experience?”, and fourth, “how are falls that occur during nursing visits managed?”
Results: As a result of analyzing the experiences of nursing care workers of falls while caring for elders in their homes, five main themes were derived. These were understanding the characteristics of the elderly at home, understanding possible emergency situations, providing caring services, minimizing physical harm, and delivering clear information.
Conclusion: A significant finding of this study was that care workers who visit and provide care to elders at home confirmed the need for standard guidelines on appropriate responses in the event of a fall at home and the importance of managing emergencies arising from falls among elders at home. These results highlight the need for the development of emergency response education programs, such as programs on fall care among nurses and care workers who provide care to the elderly, and for enhanced understanding of the fall risk of elders who live at home.

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