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한국일본언어문화학회> 일본언어문화> 現代日本語における副詞の感動詞用法をめぐって -「ちょっと」の主觀化を中心に-

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現代日本語における副詞の感動詞用法をめぐって -「ちょっと」の主觀化を中心に-

A study on interjectional usage of the adverbs in modern Japanese -In case of the chotto as subjectificaion-

전자연 ( Jun Jayeon )
  • : 한국일본언어문화학회
  • : 일본언어문화 46권0호
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2019년 04월
  • : 113-133(21pages)
일본언어문화

DOI


목차

1. はじめに
2. 先行硏究と本稿の立場
3. 考察方法
4. 「ちょっと」の感動詞用法
5. 「ちょっと」の意味變化と主觀化
6. おわりに

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This study focuses on chotto among the adverbs that are interjectionally used and describes the process of how the meaning and function of adverbs has derived from adverbial usage to interjectional usage in case of increased subjectification.
(1) Chotto precedes the predication and indicates low degree or small quantity.
(2) The acquisition of affective meaning by chotto is probably enabled by contexts in which speaker’s negative feelings or attitude to the addressee. In such uses, it appears to have lost its original meaning, small extent as an adverb. Chotto occurs without a predicate as a response but it is not procedural with interjectional meaning.
(3) Chotto is used as an interjection to call someone casually. It occurs in clause-initial position. Moreover, it can stand alone as an utterance. It functions at a discourse expressive level.
As addressed above, chotto illustrates increased subjectification; originating in a clause-internal degree modifier (i.e. propositional function), it comes to show the speaker’s emotional involvement as an interjection (i.e. expressive function).

UCI(KEPA)

I410-ECN-0102-2019-700-001650004

간행물정보

  • : 어문학분야  > 일어일문학
  • : KCI등재
  • :
  • : 계간
  • : 1598-9585
  • :
  • : 학술지
  • : 연속간행물
  • : 2002-2020
  • : 1049


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1知覚動詞「聞く」の意味拡張について-補語になる名詞との相関性を中心に-

저자 : 董素賢 ( Dong Sohyun )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 7-32 (26 pages)

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The aim of this paper is to explore the meanings of the Japanese perceptual verb “kiku” focusing on correlations with nouns as complements. A word does not exist alone apart from the sentence, so when we consider the meaning of vocabulary, even though relationships with other factors should be considered, little attention has been given to the point.
The fact that certain perception verbs could refer to non-perception meanings has been established in many Cognitive linguistics studies such as Lakoff & Johnson(1980,1999). In Japanese, as opposed to intransitive perception verb “kikoeru”, transitive perception verb “kiku” has been considered to express the meanings of active perception. But, it was found that “kiku” which takes a noun such as 'sound' or 'voice' as a complement represents a passive and spontaneous meaning. And “kiku” which takes a noun such as 'music' as a complement expresses the meaning of APPRECIATION, which takes a noun representing a thought or speech act as a complement, expresses the meaning of COGNITION based on PERCEPTION.
As a result of analyzing the examples, the PHYSICAL PERCEPTION, meaning of verb “kiku” is expanded to the meanings of COGNITION, INTERNAL RECEPTIVITY, OBEDIENCE etc..
This results lead to the conclusion that the meaning of words has to do with the type of complements and the syntactic features. And we also arrive at the conclusion that in the case of not only English but also Japanese, the metaphorical mappings take place between two domains of experience: the vocabulary of physical perception as the source domain and the vocabulary of the internal self and sensations as the target domain.

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2韓日のニュース記事の見出しにおける 文末表現の使用様相

저자 : 李恩美 ( Lee Eunmi )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 33-48 (16 pages)

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In this study, the sentence-end expressions of the headlines of news articles in Korea and Japan were examined, focusing on the speech level which reflects the attitude toward the reader.
The results are summarized as follows.
First of all, the ratio of incomplete sentences was overwhelmingly high both in Korea and Japan, and the ratio was high in the order of non-polite form and polite form both in Korea and Japan. Although the overall ratio was low, polite forms was mostly used when citing the remarks of the news articles in common both in Korea and Japan. On the other hand, the ratio of non-polite form used is relatively higher in the headlines of Korean news articles than in that of Japanese news articles. And the ratio of incomplete sentences was higher in the headlines of Japanese news articles than in that of Korean news articles, and it was found that the Japanese preferred incomplete sentences more than the Korean in the daily news as well as in the daily conversation.
For the end-form of incomplete sentences, the ratio of noun forms was over whelmingly high both in Korea and Japan, and this tendency was more strong in Korean news articles compared to Korean news articles. On the other hand, in the headlines of Korean news articles, the ratio of the connective particle form was relatively high in the politics and society categories, whereas in the headlines of Japanese news articles, the ratio of the connective particle form was relatively high in entertainment and sports categories. From this, it could be said that there are some differences preferred forms between Korean and Japanese according to the features of the news article category.

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3公的な場面における「おる」の使用実態について -日本国会会議録の用例を中心に-

저자 : 印美東 ( In Midong )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 49-68 (20 pages)

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This paper examines the use of humble expression II of “Oru” in the public situations, especially in the official speeches at the Budget Review Committee of the National Assembly of Japan, where polite expression is frequently used. When “Oru” is compared with “Iru” in its usage frequency, it shows that they are interdependent. In particular, “Ori·Orazu” is used, however, “I, Izu” is not used at all, not even in the National Assembly. In addition, “Oru” is used as “Orareru” to show respect, and also as “Orimasu” to express politeness. In other situations, “Iru” is more prevalent.
The analysis of “Oru” usage as honorifics in the National Assembly shows that 51% of it is used as humble expression II, which is its original usage, and 40% of it as polite expression, and 8% of as “Orareru” in a exclusive way of showing respect. When “Oru” is examined in the context of the position relation (authority and subordinated relation) between the members of the National Assembly, who can exercise authority in reviewing budget, and government officials, who submit the budget plan, it shows that the government officials use it as much as of 72%. In particular, government officials use “Oru” most frequently as a humble way of expressing oneself. On the other hand, the members of the National Assembly use “Oru” frequently in combination with honorific expression, and also as a exclusive way of showing respect.

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4談話標識「え」の機能について

저자 : 林始恩 ( Rim Sieun )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 69-88 (20 pages)

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In this paper, I observed the use of the discourse marker 'eh' in the first face-to-face conversation and analyzed what functions it played in the context before and after. The following summarizes the functions of the discourse marker 'eh' in each utterance.
(1) 'eh' in the 'content confirmation' utterance performed the function of temporarily stopping the progress of the other party's talk. In addition, 'eh' in the utterance of 'information request' performed the function of inducing more detailed information, going back to the utterance in front of the other party.
(2) 'eh' in the 'topic proffer' utterance was used as a signal to change the direction of the story or action from the current story flow.
(3) 'eh' in the 'evaluation' or 'disagreement' utterance performed the function to show attitudes and feelings that the new information content deviated from existing knowledge.
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5副詞「たかだか」「たかが」の成立と展開

저자 : 林禔映 ( Lim Jiyoung )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 89-102 (14 pages)

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This paper focuses on exploring formation and development of Japanese adverbs 'TAKADAKA' and 'TAKAGA' that can be mainly seen in the Late Middle and Early Modern Japanese. 'TAKADAKA' and 'TAKAGA' are synonymous on the basis of 'TAKA(高, high)' in terms of word structure.
As a result, historically, compared to Takaga, adverbization of 'TAKADAKA' (initially (before the Middle Ages) was preceded by 'ni' and 'to', but like modern words 'TAKAGA' was used earlier in the example of negative evaluation such as “it is not a big deal (even if we estimate a lot)”. In the scope of this survey, 'TAKAGA' can be confirmed from the early modern materials (after the late 17C), and 'TAKADAKA' can be confirmed from the late modern materials (after 19C). Both were expressed by the noun 'TAKA(高, high)' from the Middle Ages, meaning estimate the total amount and its level. From the point of view of desirability, both have a negative evaluation.
Based on present results, it is necessary to examine the case of adverbization that expresses the speaker's value judgment and evaluation from a chronological perspective.

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6打ちことばにおける長音符による イントネーション表現に関する考察 -キャスフィにおける小中高生掲示板の分析から-

저자 : 崔鉉弼 ( Choi Hyunpil )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 103-124 (22 pages)

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The purpose of this paper is to clarify the types of expression and functions of intonation using long note '-', '∼', '…' in Japanese internet-based language. Internet-based language has a shortcoming which cannot transfer informations of prosody messages. But many internet-based language users in Japan are using and making the methods of expression of prosody messages, expecially intonation. Thus, we focus on the types of expression and function of intonation using long note '-', '∼', '…' in Japanese internet-based language on a youth bulletin site is called Casphy.com. As a result of investigation, we clarified that the intonation in Japanese internet-based language has five types of expression, 'short rise(↑)', 'long rise(↗)', 'rise-fall(⇅)', 'flat(→)', 'long fall(↘)'. And we clarified the intonation in Japanese in internet-based language has nineteen functions. Expecially three functions 'affinity', 'lingering', 'rising of feelings' are unique functions in Japanese internet-based language.

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7副詞「たしかに」の二つの機能 -形容詞から副詞へ-

저자 : 高橋美保 ( Takahashi Miho )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 125-144 (20 pages)

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This paper focuses on the features of the Japanese adjective “tashika-da” and the differences between two types of adverb “tashika-ni”.
The adjective “tashika-da” changes its form to “tashika-na” as an adnominal, “tashika-da” as a predicate, and “tashika-ni” and “tashika” as an adverb, according to the function used in the sentence. When acting as an adjective, “takashi-da/na” has the original and lexical meaning which means /sure, certain/.
The adverb “tashika-ni”has two types of usage. The one is called adverb of manner and the other is modal adverb. An adverb of manner “tashika-ni” occurs in front of a verb phrase and describes an event of the sentence in more detail, maintaining its lexical meaning of “surely, certainly”. On the other hand, a modal adverb “tashika-ni” is placed in the beginning of the sentence modifying a speaker's mood, whereas it loses the lexical meaning /surely, certainly/ and the function of agreement works stronger. And also, a modal adverb “tashika-ni”can be used as a one word, expressing speaker's agreement on a listener's judgement.

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8近代における貞操論争と小町像 -二つの短編を中心に-

저자 : 金靜熙 ( Kim Junghee )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 147-162 (16 pages)

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This paper analyzes modern novels tagged with the motif of Ono no Komachi to consider how they reflect the modern age. In the 1920s, the controversy about chastity had been actively discussed in women's magazines such as Seito. Various opinions were expressed on this subject, and one of the most widely accepted opinions among women was that the idea of chastity is based on love for love's sake. As part of that discussion, an iconic Japanese woman from an ancient era was re-evaluated. Ono no Komachi, a woman who fell in love with many men while refusing to marry a man, was praised as a woman who retained her chastity all her life. Ryunosuke Akutagawa's Futari Komachi, displaying the motif of Ono no Komachi, depicts women's sexual independence, which was overlooked in the chastity controversy. On the other hand, Kanoko Okamoto's Komachi no Shakuyaku depicted Komachi as a hero who is oriented toward spiritual romance and reminds us of the intellectuals of the Meiji period who were ruined. Thus, in modern times, Komachi is linked with a new sexual ideology, and serves as a symbol for various discourses around it.

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9歌舞伎と人形浄瑠璃の老人像

저자 : 片龍雨 ( Pyun Yongwoo )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 163-175 (13 pages)

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The depictions of the old man in Japanese classical literary art vary from sacred to humorous. The former is a characteristic of the agricultural and economic society that values the experience of the elder, and is a tradition that regards the weak as the incarnation of God. On the other hand, the latter is a result of playing with the behavior of an old man according to the deterioration of physical ability. These images are connected to the literary arts of the Middle Ages, but in Noh, the tendency to portray old age as a symbol of perpetuity began to emerge. Bunraku in modern times is typified by the image of the old man until then, being sacrificed for his son, solving problems, or living greedily. The sacrifice may have been due to the charity of the child. And the respect as a senior citizen of society may have led to the image of an old man who solves a difficult problem. Also, the position of the old man, who was not economically wealthy, seems to have formed a greedy image of the old man.

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10일본문화수업을 통한 미디어리터러시 교육

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발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 51권 0호 발행 연도 : 2020 페이지 : pp. 177-195 (19 pages)

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本稿は情報化時代をいきる学生達が多様な情報の中で、これを批判的に理解し賢明なメディア消費者になるためのメディアリテラシーを授業を通してどのように向上させていくかを論じたものである。その具体的な方案としてインターネットを通じて学生達の関心が高い日本文化を検索し、それをベースに討論と発表を進行させた。学生達が選択したトピックは日本世界遺産、東京オリンピック、平均寿命、マイナンバー、獨島、韓流、アベノミクスなどであり、本稿ではそのなかで獨島と韓流に関する討論内容を提示した。ポータルサイトによって同キーワードがどのような違いを見せるのか、そのような違いは何に起因するのかを検討した。検索した記事を単に整理し受容するのではなく、批判的な介入をベースとした討論を通じて通察的な視野を培養し学生間の疏通能力を向上させるよう指導したのである。その結果、授業の前半と後半に実施した二回のアンケート調査から分かるように、全般的なメディアリテラシー能力が向上している。アンケート調査はメディアに対する接近能力を測定した機会領域とメディアに対する批判的理解と活用力などを測定した批判的能力領域、寬容性·參與性·公共性を測定した市民性の領域で構成されている。一次アンケート調査では機会領域の点が高かったのに対し、二次アンケート調査ではメディアの影響を正しく理解し批判的な視野で受容する批判的能力領域が高い点をみせた。市民性の領域は1, 2次すべての調査で点数が低かった。これから社会的な論点に対し積極的な姿勢で取り組むよう指導していく必要がある。それでも市民性領域の中で他人に対する寛容性を示す点数が大きく向上した。これは他人の意見にも耳を傾け、自分の意見を明確に伝えるよう指導した結果だと判断される。このような批判的思考を根幹とするメディア教育は学生達が21世紀の4次産業革命時代を生き抜くためには必ず必要な能力であり、社会に出る前に教育を通じて備えさせる必要がある。


This paper discusses how students in the information age can improve the media literacy through their classes, the ability to critically understand it and become a wise media consumer in the flood of various information. As a concrete method, the Japanese culture was searched for high interest by students through the Internet, and discussion and presentation were conducted based on this. The discussion topics selected by the students were the World Heritage of Japan, the Tokyo Olympics in Japan, the average life expectancy in Japan, the My Number System, the Dokdo issue, the Korean Wave, and the economic policies and politics of Abe. Presented. Students were asked to discuss the differences in the contents of the articles depending on the subjects of the Internet portal articles. Rather than simply organizing and accepting the searched content, the discussions were based on critical interventions to cultivate insightful views and improve student communication and negotiation skills. As a result, the overall media literacy skills improved, as indicated by the survey conducted two times before and after class.
In the first questionnaire, the scores of opportunity areas were high, whereas in the second questionnaire, the scores of the critical competence areas were able to understand the media's attributes and influence and to accept them critically. The citizenship area showed low scores in both the first and second surveys. In the area of citizenship, the level of participation is low, so that correct education should be carried out in the future so that active participation in social issues can be achieved. Nevertheless, the scores on the question of generosity in the area of citizenship were markedly improved in the second round, and it was judged that it was effective to instruct students to actively express their opinions on their own and other opinions. In conclusion, the results of the instruction to critically accept the differences between Korea and Japan media in class are considered in the survey. Media education based on such critical thinking is essential to living the knowledge-based society of the 21st century and the era of the 4th Industrial Revolution, and is essential for students to go out and become wise media consumers and members of democratic society.

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1韓國における日本言語文化硏究のあり方を考える

저자 : 牟世鍾

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 5-11 (7 pages)

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2特定の人物を指し示す「人」に關する一考察 -照應關係と現われ方を中心に-

저자 : 施山綠 ( Seyama Midori )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 15-34 (20 pages)

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This study examines the anaphoric relations and the model of appearance for '人' (hito) which refers to a specific person. The examined example sentences include '人' which refers to a specific person and the person referenced by '人'. Based on the earlier study that pronouns are used for a person serving as the topic in the context, which serves as the topical person, between '人' that refers to a specific person or the person referenced by '人', has been examined. Also, to examine the mode of appearance, the example sentences are classified into the act of expressing and the context.
The results of the examination are as follows. The anaphoric relations held by '人' which refers to a specific person differ from those held by pronouns. This is because the person referenced by '人' is likely to serve as the topical person, in that '人' is frequently used to indicate the awareness of victimhood. ② '人' which refers to a specific person concentrates in speech as the speaker (first person). This is because the victim is more easily expressed as the speaker (first person) than as the other and the situation is more easily reflected in speech than in passage. ③ '人' which refers to a specific person is expressed as anger, advice, and complaint for the speaker (first person) and as shame for a third party person (third person).

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3岡倉天心『東洋の覺醒』における複問の虛僞 -議論學的視点からの談話分析-

저자 : 筒井昭博 ( Tsutsui Akihiro )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 35-58 (24 pages)

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Argumentation is a social activity whereby an arguer increases the audience's adherence to claims being advanced. Argumentation is performed at a site of discourse, where the arguer, the audience, and arguments affect each other through a process of argumentation. This study, from a perspective of argumentation studies, attempts a discourse analysis to identify what solicited Okakura Tenshin (1863-1912) to commit so-called complex question fallacies in The Awakening of the East, in which he urged Asian people to take action of resistance against Western imperialism. The paper first clarifies the coercive nature of the pertinent fallacy in the sense that a respondent can be trapped into conceding a presumption embedded in the question given to him/her. A consideration of the historical background suggests that the presumption at stake here does not hint the fact that the Imperial Japan as a newly emerging power intensified tendencies to behave similarly to imperialistic Western nations. Regarding this work of Okakura's as practical argumentation, i.e. argumentation whereby agents involved make a decision on what to do, this study then shows that the pertinent presumption does not immediately correspond to any premise in the structure of practical argumentation, but contributes to the enhancement of Okakura's ethos as an arguer. This enhancement of his ethos is expected to establish his communion with Asian people so that their adherence to his claim can increase. Thus this finding reinforces the significance of a reciprocal cooperation between discourse analyses and argumentation studies.

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4相對名詞の語彙的なアスペクトの關係 -韓國語の「전」と日本語の「前(マエ/ゼン)」をめぐって-

저자 : 김경수 ( Kim Kyungsoo )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 59-74 (16 pages)

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This paper, based on synchronic and diachronic studies on systems of the temporal relational nouns in Korean and Japanese temporal relative clauses, describes and identifies correspondence of the systems of temporal relative nouns in terms of facts and observation. On this paper, corresponding relation and lexical association(on Chinese words/Haneo) of Koran “전” and Japanese “前(マエ/ゼン)” are classified as 4 types and considered. as a reviewing method, based on dictionaries published in Korea and Japan, all vocabularies are extracted and reviewed. Each heading vocabulary extracted from each dictionary for each type is described;
① beyond the standards, and “前·後” is lexically corresponding.
② beyond the standards, and “前” is lexically not corresponding.
③ beyond the standards, and “後” is lexically not corresponding.
④ “前”,which is beyond the temporal standards, means a temporal relational noun in the standards.
As a result of consideration, temporal directional functions in Korean and Japanese temporal relative nouns do not coincide. In other words, when we think about when the generality inherent in each temporal relative noun is actually realized in language, we find that their specificity is part of the universality, not an exception, but a process of grammaticalization.

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5敬語接頭辭「オ·ゴ」の 「マイナス待遇表現化」に關する硏究

저자 : 김수경 ( Kim Sukyoung )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 75-94 (20 pages)

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This This study defined negativizing of positive treatment by using honorific prefix 「オ·ご」in Japanese language as the language behavior where speaker uses expression of plus treatment 「オ·ご」to signal his or her intention to give minus treatment to audience, and analyzed and examined the uses of it. In various 「scenes」, it was possible to identify uses of negativization of expression of positive treatment using 「オ·ご」. It was found that, in most cases, the prefix is used to express sarcasm in equal human relations as follows: ① While it is expression of plus treatment with honorific or polite words, we can grasp the intention of speaker to treat audience negatively by the context in which the prefix is used, human relations between speaker and audience, or the vocabulary used with 「オ·ご」; ② In the case where, even if 「オ·ご」is used, contents of the sentence is minus treatment, we can figure out the intention of speaker to express minus treatment without considering human relations or the context; ③ In the case where, while the sentence is expression of plus treatment, it is not formed as honorific expression without 「オ·ご」, we can recognize it as the expression of minus treatment by considering human relations or the context.It seems that the reason why speaker uses such an expression is to emphasize minus treatment of the audience, and to upgrade the effect of the expression. In most cases, audience seemed to understand the intention of speaker to express minus treatment.

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6言語學習者の他者認識と言語敎育の役割 -日本語學習者Kと韓國語學習者Jの事例を中心に-

저자 : 김의영 ( Kim Euiyoung )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 95-111 (17 pages)

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This paper analyzed each other's recognition of K, a Korean Japanese learner and J, a Japanese Koran learner, namely, perception of others through an interview research. Also, by comparing the analysis results to Kim's(2016), it intended to examine each other's change in other's perception and the factors, and imply each other's need for Language education.
The results showed that K still had a negative image about a Japanese, and his image about a group of Japanese changed from positive to negative. The factors are that a negative image was reinforced due to repeated failure in establishment of relationship with a Japanese, and that the negative image about a person negatively worked on the image about a group of Japanese as well. As for Jane, positive and negative were mixed about both a Korean person and a group of Koreans, but currently, it can be seen that a positive image is reinforced. The factors are J's efforts and study for understanding the others, and that J views and contacts Koreans with the third values called cultural exchange and world peace.
The implications of this examination for the future language education is that first of all, a plan for classes to cause an interior motive to try to resolve conflicts with and understand others is needed. Likewise, a plan for classes to discover a third significant value in common to look at and pursue together as well as understand one another is required.

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7現代日本語における副詞の感動詞用法をめぐって -「ちょっと」の主觀化を中心に-

저자 : 전자연 ( Jun Jayeon )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 113-133 (21 pages)

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This study focuses on chotto among the adverbs that are interjectionally used and describes the process of how the meaning and function of adverbs has derived from adverbial usage to interjectional usage in case of increased subjectification.
(1) Chotto precedes the predication and indicates low degree or small quantity.
(2) The acquisition of affective meaning by chotto is probably enabled by contexts in which speaker's negative feelings or attitude to the addressee. In such uses, it appears to have lost its original meaning, small extent as an adverb. Chotto occurs without a predicate as a response but it is not procedural with interjectional meaning.
(3) Chotto is used as an interjection to call someone casually. It occurs in clause-initial position. Moreover, it can stand alone as an utterance. It functions at a discourse expressive level.
As addressed above, chotto illustrates increased subjectification; originating in a clause-internal degree modifier (i.e. propositional function), it comes to show the speaker's emotional involvement as an interjection (i.e. expressive function).

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8「勸誘」の表現類型に關する一考察 -心理的な「ウチ關係作り」を中心に-

저자 : 최유미 ( Choi Yumi )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 135-150 (16 pages)

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There have been many issues on the classification criteria on “Invitation” so far. In this study, the analysis was performed upon determination that the development of psychological “Uchi Relaiton” was the most important factor in the “Invitation” expressions. Upon the analysis results in the subjects with scenarios, four types of “Invitation” were classified.
“Grouping type” Invitation is to suggest the listener the execution of the common behaviors with speaker and listener together. “Inducing type” Invitation is to involve the listener on the behaviors that the speaker is doing or is going to do, which aims the common goal. “Inviting type” Invitation is to invite the listener to the location that the speaker is or belongs to. “Supporting type” Invitation is to express as if they do the common thing so as to support the listener aiming the psychological common state. “Supporting type” Invitations were commonly used in those who hesitated the behaviors or children who were not familiar in the behaviors, because it developed the psychologically common state that there was someone who supported them requiring courage.
In this study, the different expressions were found depending on how the speaker perceived the listener's will to execute the behaviors, which might be the next study topic.

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9在日韓國人作家の文學作品に見るハイブリッド現象

저자 : 황미옥 ( Hwang Miok )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 151-173 (23 pages)

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Language acquisition is highly influenced by one's surrounding environments. People living in foreign countries selectively choose linguistic features from their mother tongue and foreign language, thus becoming hybrid speakers of both languages. This paper is interested in how Korean writers in Japan adopted Japanese language and how they formed unique hybrid identity as Korean-Japanese.
This paper has sorted out five hybrid phenomenons from the works of Lee Hoesung, Lee Yangji, and Sagisawa Megumu. First, frequent tense shift was found in the Korean-translated version of Japanese texts. Second, complex forms of modifiers were used in their Japanese works. Third, honorific expressions were different in Japanese and Korean. Fourth, postpositional particle 'ばかりbakari' was extensively used by Lee Hoesung. Fifth, literal translation affected grammatical structures in their Japanese works.
The hybrid phenomenons are going to be found more often in Japanese as more and more people from different linguistic backgrounds are learning Japanese, and this will lead to the diversification of Japanese.

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10일한 순차통역 동료피드백의 유형 분류 -학습효과 제고를 위한 분석에 적합한 분류를 중심으로-

저자 : 박성주 ( Park Sungjoo )

발행기관 : 한국일본언어문화학회 간행물 : 일본언어문화 46권 0호 발행 연도 : 2019 페이지 : pp. 175-197 (23 pages)

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ピア·フィ一ドバックは通譯學習の全プロセスにおいて影響を與えるとされているが、活發な硏究が行われているとは言えない狀況にある。そのため、通譯學習で多くの時間をピア·フィ一ドバックにかけているものの、それが有意義に效果を發揮しているかどうかは檢證されていない。したがって、通譯學習におけるピア·フィ一ドバックの敎育的效果を高めるための硏究が必要である。
本稿では、より體系的な硏究を行うためには、まずピア·フィ一ドバックをタイプ別に分けて考察する必要があると判斷し、實際のピア·フィ一ドバックのデ一タを用いて類型の分類表を作成した。
基本となる樺は作文分野の類型分類表を參考にした。しかし、同分類表には通譯ならではの特性が反映されていないため、通譯評價の項目を加えて1次分類表を作成した。その後、實際のデ一タをコ一ディングする方法で修正を重ね、最終版を得ることができた。

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